Academy Award for Best Picture


Academy Award for Best Picture
Academy Award for Best Picture
Awarded for Best Picture of the Year
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Country United States
First awarded 1929 (for films released in 1927 and 1928)
Currently held by The King's Speech (2010)
Official website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. The Best Picture category is the only category in which every member of the Academy is eligible not only to vote on the final ballot, but also to nominate. During the annual Academy Awards ceremony, Best Picture is reserved as the final award presented and, since 1951, is collected at the podium by the film's producers. The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is considered the most important of the Academy Awards, as it is the final award presented, and represents all the directing, acting, and writing efforts put forth for a film. The Grand Staircase columns at the Kodak Theatre in Los Angeles, where the Academy Awards ceremonies have been held since 2002, showcase every film that has won the Best Picture title since the award's inception 83 years ago. On June 14, 2011, AMPAS announced that the number of nominees would vary between five and ten films starting with the 2012 ceremony, provided that the film earned 5% of first-place votes during the nomination process.[1]

Contents

History

At the 1st Academy Awards ceremony (for 1927 and 1928), there was no Best Picture award. Instead, there were two separate awards, one called Most Outstanding Production, won by the epic Wings, and one called Most Artistic Quality of Production, won by the art film Sunrise. The awards were intended to honor different and equally important aspects of superior filmmaking, and in fact the judges and the studio bosses who sought to influence their decisions paid more attention to the latter - MGM head Louis B. Mayer, who had disliked the realism of King Vidor's The Crowd, another of the nominees (the third was Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack's Chang) pressured the judges not to honor his own studio's film, and to select Sunrise instead. The next year, the Academy instituted a single award called Best Production, and decided retroactively that the award won by Wings had been the equivalent of that award, with the result that Wings is often listed as the winner of a sole Best Picture award for the first year. The title of the award was eventually changed to Best Picture for the 1931 awards.

From 1944 to 2008, the Academy restricted nominations to five Best Picture nominees per year. As of the 83rd Academy Awards ceremony (for 2010), there have been 485 films nominated for the Best Picture award. Invariably, the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 83 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 61 have also been awarded Best Director.[1] Only three films have won Best Picture without their directors being nominated (though only one since the early 1930s): Wings (1927/28), Grand Hotel (1931/32), and Driving Miss Daisy (1989). The only two Best Director winners to win for films which did not receive a Best Picture nomination are likewise in the early years: Lewis Milestone (1927/28) and Frank Lloyd (1928/29).

On June 24, 2009, AMPAS announced that the number of films nominated in the Best Picture award category would increase from five to ten, starting with the 82nd Academy Awards (2009).[2] The expansion was a throwback to the Academy's early years in the 1930s and '40s, when anywhere between eight and 12 films were shortlisted (or longlisted). "Having 10 Best Picture nominees is going to allow Academy voters to recognize and include some of the fantastic movies that often show up in the other Oscar categories but have been squeezed out of the race for the top prize," AMPAS President Sid Ganis said in a press conference. "I can't wait to see what that list of 10 looks like when the nominees are announced in February."[2] At the same time, the voting system was switched from first-past-the-post to Alternative Vote (also known as Instant Run-off Vote).[3]

One point of contention is the lack of consideration of non-English language films for categories other than Best Foreign Language Film. Very few foreign language films have been nominated for any other categories, regardless of artistic merit. To date, only eight foreign language films (and three partly foreign language films) have been nominated for Best Picture: Grand Illusion (French, 1938); Z (French, 1969); The Emigrants (Swedish, 1972); Cries and Whispers (Swedish, 1973); Il Postino (Italian/Spanish, 1995); Life Is Beautiful (Italian, 1998); Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Mandarin Chinese, 2000); and Letters from Iwo Jima (Japanese, 2006), which was ineligible for the Best Foreign Language Oscar because it was an American production. The only partly foreign language films to win Best Picture are The Godfather Part II (English/Sicilian, 1974), The Last Emperor (English/Mandarin, 1987) and Slumdog Millionaire (English/Hindi, 2008).

Another point of contention is the recent extreme bias toward 2-plus hour films: Crash (2005, 112m) is the shortest film to win Best Picture in the past 20 years. It has been criticized for ignoring films that were huge commercial and critical successes. Furthermore, no animated film has won the award (Disney's Beauty and the Beast and Disney-Pixar's Up and Toy Story 3 were nominated); no science fiction film has won despite a number of successful nominees; and only one comedy (Shakespeare in Love, 1998) has won in the last 30 years.

To date, eleven films exclusively financed outside the United States have won Best Picture; all eleven were financed, in part or in whole, by the United Kingdom. Those films were, in chronological order: Hamlet, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia, Tom Jones, A Man for All Seasons, Oliver!, Chariots of Fire, Gandhi, The Last Emperor, Slumdog Millionaire and The King's Speech

No Best Picture winner has been lost, though a few such as All Quiet on the Western Front and Lawrence of Arabia exist only in a form altered from their original, award-winning release form, usually due to editing for reissue (and subsequently partly restored by archivists). Other winners and nominees such as Tom Jones and Star Wars are widely available only in subsequently altered versions. The 1928 film The Patriot is the only Best Picture nominee that is lost; The Racket was believed lost for many years but a print existed in producer Howard Hughes' archives and it has since been shown on Turner Classic Movies. Wings and Sunrise were the only silent winners of a Best Picture-equivalent award, although a part-silent version of All Quiet on the Western Front was created for foreign-language release and survives.

Winners and nominees

In the list below, the winner of the award for each year is shown first, followed by the other nominees. Except for the early years (when the Academy used a non-calendar year), the year shown is the one in which the film first premiered in Los Angeles County, California; normally this is also the year of first release, but it may be the year after first release (as with Casablanca and, if the film-festival premiere is considered, Crash). This is the year before the ceremony at which the award is given; for example, a film exhibited theatrically during 2005 was eligible for consideration for the 2005 Best Picture Oscar, awarded in 2006. The number of the ceremony (1st, 2nd, etc.) appears in parentheses after the awards year, linked to the article (if any) on that ceremony. Each individual entry shows the title followed by the production company, and the producer. For foreign language films, the original title is also shown. Until 1950, the Best Picture award was given to the production company; from 1951 on, it has gone to the producer. The official name of the award has changed several times over the years:

  • 1927/28 → 1928/29: Outstanding Picture
  • 1929/30 → 1940: Outstanding Production
  • 1941 → 1943: Outstanding Motion Picture
  • 1944 → 1961: Best Motion Picture
  • 1962 → Present: Best Picture

For the first ceremony, three films were nominated for the award. For the following three years, five films were nominated for the award. This was expanded to eight in 1933, to ten in 1934, and to twelve in 1935, before being dropped back to ten in 1937. In 1945 it was reduced back to five. This number remained until 2010, when it was once again raised to ten.

For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. For example, the 2nd Academy Awards presented on April 3, 1930, recognized films that were released between August 1, 1928 and July 31, 1929. Starting with the 7th Academy Awards, held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.

1920s

1927/28[A] (1st)
Film Production Company(ies) Producer(s)
Wings Paramount, Famous Players-Lasky Lucien Hubbard
The Racket Caddo, Paramount Howard Hughes
Seventh Heaven Fox William Fox
1928/29 (2nd)
Film Production Company(ies) Producer(s)
The Broadway Melody Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer[L] Irving Thalberg & Lawrence Weingarten
Alibi Feature Productions, United Artists Roland West
The Hollywood Revue of 1929 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Harry Rapf
In Old Arizona Fox Winfield Sheehan[G]
The Patriot Paramount Ernst Lubitsch

1930s

1929/30[B] (3rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All Quiet on the Western Front Universal Carl Laemmle, Jr.
The Big House Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Disraeli Warner Bros. Jack Warner, Darryl F. Zanuck
The Divorcee Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Robert Z. Leonard
The Love Parade Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
1930/31 (4th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Cimarron RKO Radio William LeBaron
East Lynne Fox Winfield Sheehan[G]
The Front Page Caddo, United Artists Howard Hughes
Skippy Paramount Adolph Zukor
Trader Horn Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving G. Thalberg
1931/32 (5th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Grand Hotel Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Arrowsmith Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn
Bad Girl Fox Winfield Sheehan[G]
The Champ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer King Vidor
Five Star Final First National Hal B. Wallis
One Hour with You Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
Shanghai Express Paramount Adolph Zukor
The Smiling Lieutenant Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
1932/33 (6th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Cavalcade[H] Fox Winfield Sheehan[G]
A Farewell to Arms[H] Paramount Adolph Zukor
42nd Street Warner Bros. Darryl F. Zanuck
I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
Lady for a Day Columbia Frank Capra
Little Women[H] RKO Radio Merian C. Cooper, Kenneth MacGowan
The Private Life of Henry VIII London Films, United Artists Alexander Korda
She Done Him Wrong Paramount William LeBaron
Smilin' Through Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
State Fair Fox Winfield Sheehan[G]
1934 (7th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
It Happened One Night[I] Columbia Harry Cohn
The Barretts of Wimpole Street[I] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Cleopatra Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
Flirtation Walk First National Jack L. Warner, Hal B. Wallis, Robert Lord
The Gay Divorcee RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
Here Comes the Navy Warner Bros. Lou Edelman
The House of Rothschild[I] 20th Century, United Artists Darryl F. Zanuck, William Goetz, Raymond Griffith
Imitation of Life Universal John M. Stahl
One Night of Love Columbia Harry Cohn, Everett Riskin
The Thin Man Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Viva Villa! Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
The White Parade Fox Jesse L. Lasky
1935 (8th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Mutiny on the Bounty[J] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg, Albert Lewin
Alice Adams RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
Broadway Melody of 1936 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John W. Considine, Jr.
Captain Blood[J] Warner Bros., Cosmopolitan Hal B. Wallis, Harry Joe Brown, Gordon Hollingshead
David Copperfield Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
The Informer[J] RKO Radio Cliff Reid
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer Paramount Louis D. Lighton
A Midsummer Night's Dream Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Les Misérables 20th Century, United Artists Darryl F. Zanuck
Naughty Marietta Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Ruggles of Red Gap Paramount Arthur Hornblow, Jr.
Top Hat RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
1936 (9th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Great Ziegfeld Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Anthony Adverse Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Dodsworth Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn, Merritt Hulbert
Libeled Lady Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Lawrence Weingarten
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town Columbia Frank Capra
Romeo and Juliet Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
San Francisco Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John Emerson, Bernard H. Hyman
The Story of Louis Pasteur Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
A Tale of Two Cities Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
Three Smart Girls Universal Joe Pasternak, Charles R. Rogers
1937 (10th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Life of Emile Zola Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
The Awful Truth Columbia Leo McCarey, Everett Riskin
Captains Courageous Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Louis Lighton
Dead End Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn, Merritt Hulbert
The Good Earth Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg, Albert Lewin
In Old Chicago 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck, Kenneth MacGowan
Lost Horizon Columbia Frank Capra
One Hundred Men and a Girl Universal Charles R. Rogers, Joe Pasternak
Stage Door RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
A Star Is Born Selznick International, United Artists David O. Selznick
1938 (11th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
You Can't Take It With You Columbia Frank Capra
The Adventures of Robin Hood Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis, Henry Blanke
Alexander's Ragtime Band 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck, Harry Joe Brown
Boys Town Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John W. Considine, Jr.
The Citadel Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Victor Saville
Four Daughters Warner Bros., First National Hal B. Wallis, Henry Blanke
Grand Illusion R. A. O., World Pictures Frank Rollmer, Albert Pinkovitch
Jezebel Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis, Henry Blanke
Pygmalion Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Gabriel Pascal
Test Pilot Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Louis Lighton
1939 (12th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gone with the Wind Selznick, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
Dark Victory Warner Bros. David Lewis
Goodbye, Mr. Chips Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Victor Saville
Love Affair RKO Radio Leo McCarey
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Columbia Frank Capra
Ninotchka Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
Of Mice and Men Roach, United Artists Lewis Milestone
Stagecoach United Artists Walter Wanger
The Wizard of Oz Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Mervyn LeRoy
Wuthering Heights Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn

1940s

1940 (13th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rebecca Selznick, United Artists David O. Selznick
All This, and Heaven Too Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner, Hal B. Wallis, David Lewis
Foreign Correspondent Wanger, United Artists Walter Wanger
The Grapes of Wrath 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck, Nunnally Johnson
The Great Dictator Chaplin, United Artists Charlie Chaplin
Kitty Foyle RKO Radio David Hempstead
The Letter Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
The Long Voyage Home Argosy, Wanger, United Artists John Ford
Our Town Lesser, United Artists Sol Lesser
The Philadelphia Story Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Joseph L. Mankiewicz
1941[C] (14th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
How Green Was My Valley 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
Blossoms in the Dust Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Asher
Citizen Kane RKO Radio Orson Welles
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Columbia Everett Riskin
Hold Back the Dawn Paramount Arthur Hornblow, Jr.
The Little Foxes RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
The Maltese Falcon Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
One Foot in Heaven Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
Sergeant York Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis, Jesse L. Lasky
Suspicion RKO Radio Alfred Hitchcock
1942 (15th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Mrs. Miniver Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
49th Parallel GFD, Columbia Michael Powell
Kings Row Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
The Magnificent Ambersons Mercury, RKO Radio Orson Welles
The Pied Piper 20th Century Fox Nunnally Johnson
The Pride of the Yankees Goldwyn, RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Random Harvest Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
The Talk of the Town Columbia George Stevens
Wake Island Paramount Joseph Sistrom
Yankee Doodle Dandy Warner Bros. Jack Warner, Hal B. Wallis, William Cagney
1943 (16th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Casablanca Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
For Whom the Bell Tolls Paramount Sam Wood
Heaven Can Wait 20th Century Fox Ernst Lubitsch
The Human Comedy Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Clarence Brown
In Which We Serve United Artists Noël Coward
Madame Curie Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
The More the Merrier Columbia George Stevens
The Ox-Bow Incident 20th Century Fox Lamar Trotti
The Song of Bernadette 20th Century Fox William Perlberg
Watch on the Rhine Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
1944[D] (17th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Going My Way Paramount Leo McCarey
Double Indemnity Paramount Joseph Sistrom
Gaslight Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Hornblow, Jr.
Since You Went Away Selznick, United Artists David O. Selznick
Wilson 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
1945 (18th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Lost Weekend Paramount Charles Brackett
Anchors Aweigh Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Joe Pasternak
The Bells of St. Mary's RKO Radio Leo McCarey
Mildred Pierce Warner Bros. Jerry Wald
Spellbound United Artists David O. Selznick
1946 (19th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Best Years of Our Lives RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Henry V United Artists Laurence Olivier
It's a Wonderful Life RKO Radio Frank Capra
The Razor's Edge 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Yearling Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
1947 (20th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gentleman's Agreement 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Bishop's Wife RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Crossfire RKO Radio Adrian Scott
Great Expectations Rank-Cineguild, U-I Ronald Neame
Miracle on 34th Street 20th Century Fox William Perlberg
1948 (21st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Hamlet J. Arthur Rank-Two Cities Films, Universal International Laurence Olivier
Johnny Belinda Warner Bros. Jerry Wald
The Red Shoes Rank Organisation, Powell and Pressburger, Eagle-Lion Films Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
The Snake Pit 20th Century Fox Anatole Litvak, Robert Bassler
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
1949 (22nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All the King's Men Rossen, Columbia Robert Rossen
Battleground Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Dore Schary
The Heiress Paramount William Wyler
A Letter to Three Wives 20th Century Fox Sol C. Siegel
Twelve O'Clock High 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck

1950s

1950 (23rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All About Eve 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
Born Yesterday Columbia S. Sylvan Simon
Father of the Bride Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
King Solomon's Mines Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
Sunset Boulevard Paramount Charles Brackett
1951 (24th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
An American in Paris Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Freed
Decision Before Dawn 20th Century Fox Anatole Litvak, Frank McCarthy
A Place in the Sun Paramount George Stevens
Quo Vadis Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
A Streetcar Named Desire Warner Bros. Charles K. Feldman
1952 (25th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Greatest Show on Earth Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
High Noon United Artists Stanley Kramer
Ivanhoe Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pandro S. Berman
Moulin Rouge United Artists John Huston
The Quiet Man Republic John Ford, Merian C. Cooper
1953 (26th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
From Here to Eternity Columbia Buddy Adler
Julius Caesar Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John Houseman
The Robe 20th Century Fox Frank Ross
Roman Holiday Paramount William Wyler
Shane Paramount George Stevens
1954 (27th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
On the Waterfront Columbia Sam Spiegel[N]
The Caine Mutiny Columbia Stanley Kramer
The Country Girl Paramount William Perlberg
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Jack Cummings
Three Coins in the Fountain 20th Century Fox Sol C. Siegel
1955 (28th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Marty United Artists Harold Hecht
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing 20th Century Fox Buddy Adler
Mister Roberts Warner Bros. Leland Hayward
Picnic Columbia Fred Kohlmar
The Rose Tattoo Paramount Hal B. Wallis
1956 (29th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Around the World in 80 Days United Artists Michael Todd
Friendly Persuasion Allied Artists William Wyler
Giant Warner Bros. George Stevens, Henry Ginsberg
The King and I 20th Century Fox Charles Brackett
The Ten Commandments Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
1957 (30th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Bridge on the River Kwai Columbia Sam Spiegel
Peyton Place 20th Century Fox Jerry Wald
Sayonara Warner Bros. William Goetz
12 Angry Men United Artists Henry Fonda, Reginald Rose
Witness for the Prosecution United Artists Arthur Hornblow, Jr.
1958 (31st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gigi Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Freed
Auntie Mame Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Lawrence Weingarten
The Defiant Ones Kramer, United Artists Stanley Kramer
Separate Tables United Artists Harold Hecht
1959 (32nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Ben-Hur Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
Anatomy of a Murder Columbia Otto Preminger
The Diary of Anne Frank 20th Century Fox George Stevens
The Nun's Story Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Room at the Top Continental, British Lion Films John Woolf, James Woolf

1960s

1960 (33rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Apartment United Artists Billy Wilder
The Alamo United Artists John Wayne
Elmer Gantry United Artists Bernard Smith
Sons and Lovers 20th Century Fox Jerry Wald
The Sundowners Warner Bros. Fred Zinnemann
1961 (34th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
West Side Story United Artists Robert Wise
Fanny Warner Bros. Joshua Logan
The Guns of Navarone Columbia Carl Foreman
The Hustler 20th Century Fox Robert Rossen
Judgment at Nuremberg United Artists Stanley Kramer
1962[E] (35th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Lawrence of Arabia Columbia Sam Spiegel
The Longest Day 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Music Man Warner Bros. Morton DaCosta
Mutiny on the Bounty Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Aaron Rosenberg
To Kill a Mockingbird U-I Alan J. Pakula
1963 (36th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Tom Jones United Artists Tony Richardson
America, America Warner Bros. Elia Kazan
Cleopatra 20th Century Fox Walter Wanger
How the West Was Won Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Cinerama Bernard Smith
Lilies of the Field United Artists Ralph Nelson
1964 (37th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
My Fair Lady Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner
Becket Paramount Hal B. Wallis
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb Columbia Stanley Kubrick
Mary Poppins Walt Disney Productions Walt Disney, Bill Walsh
Zorba the Greek 20th Century Fox Michael Cacoyannis
1965 (38th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Sound of Music 20th Century Fox Robert Wise
Darling Embassy Joseph Janni
Doctor Zhivago Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Carlo Ponti
Ship of Fools Columbia Stanley Kramer
A Thousand Clowns United Artists Fred Coe
1966 (39th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
A Man for All Seasons Columbia Fred Zinnemann
Alfie Paramount Lewis Gilbert
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming United Artists Norman Jewison
The Sand Pebbles 20th Century Fox Robert Wise
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Warner Bros. Ernest Lehman
1967 (40th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
In the Heat of the Night United Artists Walter Mirisch
Bonnie and Clyde Warner Bros., Seven Arts Warren Beatty
Doctor Dolittle 20th Century Fox Arthur P. Jacobs
The Graduate Embassy Lawrence Turman
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Columbia Stanley Kramer
1968 (41st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Oliver! Columbia John Woolf
Funny Girl Columbia Ray Stark
The Lion in Winter Avco Embassy Martin Poll
Rachel, Rachel Warner Bros. Paul Newman
Romeo and Juliet Paramount Anthony Havelock-Allan, John Brabourne
1969 (42nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Midnight Cowboy United Artists Jerome Hellman
Anne of the Thousand Days Universal Hal B. Wallis
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 20th Century Fox John Foreman
Hello, Dolly! 20th Century Fox Ernest Lehman
Z[K] Cinema V Jacques Perrin, Ahmed Rachedi

1970s

1970 (43rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Patton 20th Century Fox Frank McCarthy
Airport Universal Ross Hunter
Five Easy Pieces Columbia Bob Rafelson, Richard Wechsler
Love Story Paramount Howard G. Minsky
MASH 20th Century Fox Ingo Preminger
1971 (44th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The French Connection 20th Century Fox Philip D'Antoni
A Clockwork Orange Warner Bros. Stanley Kubrick
Fiddler on the Roof United Artists Norman Jewison
The Last Picture Show Columbia Stephen J. Friedman
Nicholas and Alexandra Columbia Sam Spiegel
1972 (45th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Godfather Paramount Albert S. Ruddy
Cabaret Allied Artists Cy Feuer
Deliverance Warner Bros. John Boorman
The Emigrants[K] Warner Bros. Bengt Forslund
Sounder 20th Century Fox Robert B. Radnitz
1973 (46th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Sting Universal Tony Bill, Michael Phillips, Julia Phillips
American Graffiti Lucasfilm, Universal Francis Ford Coppola, Gary Kurtz
Cries and Whispers[K] New World Pictures Ingmar Bergman
The Exorcist Warner Bros. William Peter Blatty
A Touch of Class Avco Embassy Melvin Frank
1974 (47th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Godfather Part II[O] Paramount Francis Ford Coppola, Gray Frederickson, Fred Roos
Chinatown Paramount Robert Evans
The Conversation Paramount Francis Ford Coppola
Lenny United Artists Marvin Worth
The Towering Inferno 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. Irwin Allen
1975 (48th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest United Artists Saul Zaentz[N], Michael Douglas
Barry Lyndon Warner Bros. Stanley Kubrick
Dog Day Afternoon Warner Bros. Martin Bregman, Martin Elfand
Jaws Universal Richard D. Zanuck
Nashville Paramount Robert Altman
1976 (49th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rocky United Artists Irwin Winkler, Robert Chartoff
All the President's Men Warner Bros. Walter Coblenz
Bound for Glory United Artists Robert F. Blumofe, Harold Leventhal
Network Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists Howard Gottfried
Taxi Driver Columbia Michael Phillips, Julia Phillips
1977 (50th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Annie Hall United Artists Charles H. Joffe
The Goodbye Girl Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros. Ray Stark
Julia 20th Century Fox Richard Roth
Star Wars Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox Gary Kurtz
The Turning Point 20th Century Fox Herbert Ross, Arthur Laurents
1978 (51st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Deer Hunter Universal Barry Spikings, Michael Deeley, Michael Cimino, John Peverall
Coming Home United Artists Jerome Hellman
Heaven Can Wait Paramount Warren Beatty
Midnight Express Columbia Alan Marshall, David Puttnam
An Unmarried Woman 20th Century Fox Paul Mazursky, Tony Ray
1979 (52nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Kramer vs. Kramer Columbia Stanley R. Jaffe
All That Jazz 20th Century Fox Robert Alan Aurthur
Apocalypse Now United Artists Francis Ford Coppola, Fred Roos, Gray Frederickson, Tom Sternberg
Breaking Away 20th Century Fox Peter Yates
Norma Rae 20th Century Fox Tamara Asseyev, Alex Rose

1980s

1980 (53rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Ordinary People Paramount Ronald L. Schwary
Coal Miner's Daughter Universal Bernard Schwartz
The Elephant Man Paramount Jonathan Sanger
Raging Bull United Artists Irwin Winkler, Robert Chartoff
Tess Columbia Claude Berri, Timothy Burrill
1981 (54th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Chariots of Fire The Ladd Company, Warner Bros. David Puttnam
Atlantic City Paramount Denis Héroux
On Golden Pond ITC, Universal Bruce Gilbert
Raiders of the Lost Ark Lucasfilm, Paramount Frank Marshall
Reds Paramount Warren Beatty
1982 (55th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gandhi Columbia Richard Attenborough
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Universal Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy[M]
Missing Universal Edward Lewis, Mildred Lewis
Tootsie Columbia Sydney Pollack, Dick Richards
The Verdict 20th Century Fox Richard D. Zanuck, David Brown
1983 (56th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Terms of Endearment Paramount James L. Brooks
The Big Chill Columbia Michael Shamberg
The Dresser Columbia Peter Yates
The Right Stuff Warner Bros., The Ladd Company Irwin Winkler, Robert Chartoff
Tender Mercies EMI Films, Universal Philip S. Hobel
1984 (57th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Amadeus Orion Saul Zaentz
The Killing Fields Warner Bros. David Puttnam
A Passage to India Columbia John Brabourne, Richard Goodwin
Places in the Heart Tri-Star Arlene Donovan
A Soldier's Story Columbia Norman Jewison, Ronald L. Schwary, Patrick Palmer
1985 (58th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Out of Africa Universal Sydney Pollack
The Color Purple Warner Bros. Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, Quincy Jones
Kiss of the Spider Woman Island Alive David Weisman
Prizzi's Honor 20th Century Fox, ABC Motion Pictures John Foreman
Witness Paramount Edward S. Feldman
1986 (59th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Platoon Orion Arnold Kopelson
Children of a Lesser God Paramount Burt Sugarman, Patrick J. Palmer
Hannah and Her Sisters Orion Robert Greenhut
The Mission Warner Bros. Fernando Ghia, David Puttnam
A Room with a View Cinecom Ismail Merchant
1987 (60th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Last Emperor[O] Columbia Jeremy Thomas
Broadcast News 20th Century Fox James L. Brooks
Fatal Attraction Paramount Stanley R. Jaffe, Sherry Lansing
Hope and Glory Columbia John Boorman
Moonstruck Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Patrick J. Palmer, Norman Jewison
1988 (61st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rain Man United Artists Mark Johnson
The Accidental Tourist Warner Bros. Lawrence Kasdan, Charles Okun, Michael Grillo
Dangerous Liaisons Warner Bros. Norma Heyman, Hank Moonjean
Mississippi Burning Orion Frederick Zollo, Robert F. Colesberry
Working Girl 20th Century Fox Douglas Wick
1989 (62nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Driving Miss Daisy Warner Bros. Richard D. Zanuck, Lili Fini Zanuck
Born on the Fourth of July Universal A. Kitman Ho, Oliver Stone
Dead Poets Society Touchstone Pictures Steven Haft, Paul Junger Witt, Tony Thomas
Field of Dreams Universal Lawrence Gordon, Charles Gordon
My Left Foot Miramax Noel Pearson

1990s

1990 (63rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Dances with Wolves Orion Jim Wilson, Kevin Costner
Awakenings Columbia Walter F. Parkes, Lawrence Lasker
Ghost Paramount Lisa Weinstein
The Godfather Part III Paramount Francis Ford Coppola
Goodfellas Warner Bros. Irwin Winkler
1991 (64th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Silence of the Lambs Orion Edward Saxon, Kenneth Utt, Ron Bozman
Beauty and the Beast Disney Don Hahn
Bugsy TriStar Mark Johnson, Barry Levinson, Warren Beatty
JFK Warner Bros. A. Kitman Ho, Oliver Stone
The Prince of Tides Columbia Barbra Streisand, Andrew S. Karsch
1992 (65th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Unforgiven Warner Bros. Clint Eastwood
The Crying Game Miramax Stephen Woolley
A Few Good Men Columbia, Castle Rock Entertainment Rob Reiner, Andrew Scheinman
Howards End Sony Pictures Classics Ismail Merchant
Scent of a Woman Universal Martin Brest
1993 (66th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Schindler's List Universal Steven Spielberg, Gerald R. Molen, Branko Lustig
The Fugitive Warner Bros. Arnold Kopelson
In the Name of the Father Universal Jim Sheridan
The Piano Miramax Jane Campion
The Remains of the Day Columbia Mike Nichols, John Calley, Ismail Merchant
1994 (67th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Forrest Gump Paramount Wendy Finerman, Steve Tisch, Steve Starkey
Four Weddings and a Funeral PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, Gramercy Duncan Kenworthy
Pulp Fiction Miramax Lawrence Bender
Quiz Show Hollywood Pictures Michael Jacobs, Julian Krainin, Michael Nozick, Robert Redford
The Shawshank Redemption Columbia, Castle Rock Entertainment Niki Marvin
1995 (68th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Braveheart Paramount, Icon, 20th Century Fox Mel Gibson, Alan Ladd, Jr., Bruce Davey
Apollo 13 Universal, Imagine Entertainment Brian Grazer
Babe Universal Bill Miller, George Miller, Doug Mitchell
The Postman (Il Postino)[K] Miramax Mario Cecchi Gori, Vittorio Cecchi Gori, Gaetano Daniele
Sense and Sensibility Columbia Lindsay Doran
1996 (69th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The English Patient Miramax Saul Zaentz
Fargo PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, Gramercy Ethan Coen
Jerry Maguire Gracie Films, TriStar James L. Brooks, Laurence Mark, Richard Sakai, Cameron Crowe
Secrets & Lies October Films Simon Channing-Williams
Shine Fine Line Features Jane Scott
1997 (70th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Titanic Lightstorm Entertainment, 20th Century Fox, Paramount James Cameron, Jon Landau
As Good as It Gets TriStar James L. Brooks, Bridget Johnson, Kristi Zea
The Full Monty Fox Searchlight Umberto Pasolini
Good Will Hunting Miramax Lawrence Bender
L.A. Confidential Warner Bros. Curtis Hanson, Arnon Milchan, Michael G. Nathanson
1998 (71st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Shakespeare in Love Miramax/Universal David Parfitt, Donna Gigliotti, Harvey Weinstein, Edward Zwick, Marc Norman
Elizabeth PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, Gramercy Shekhar Kapur, Alison Owen, Eric Fellner, Tim Bevan
Life Is Beautiful[K] Miramax Elda Ferri, Gianluigi Braschi
Saving Private Ryan DreamWorks, Paramount Steven Spielberg, Ian Bryce, Mark Gordon, Gary Levinsohn
The Thin Red Line 20th Century Fox Robert Michael Geisler, John Roberdeau, Grant Hill
1999 (72nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
American Beauty DreamWorks Bruce Cohen, Dan Jinks
The Cider House Rules Miramax Richard N. Gladstein
The Green Mile Castle Rock Entertainment, Warner Bros. Frank Darabont, David Valdes
The Insider Touchstone Pictures Pieter Jan Brugge, Michael Mann
The Sixth Sense Hollywood Pictures Frank Marshall, Kathleen Kennedy, Barry Mendel, M. Night Shyamalan

2000s

2000 (73rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gladiator DreamWorks, Universal Douglas Wick, David Franzoni, Branko Lustig
Chocolat Miramax David Brown, Kit Golden, Leslie Holleran
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon[K] Sony Pictures Classics William Kong, Hsu Li Kong, Ang Lee
Erin Brockovich Universal, Columbia Danny DeVito, Michael Shamberg, Stacey Sher
Traffic USA Films Edward Zwick, Marshall Herskovitz, Laura Bickford
2001 (74th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
A Beautiful Mind Universal, DreamWorks Brian Grazer, Ron Howard
Gosford Park USA Films Robert Altman, Bob Balaban, David Levy
In the Bedroom Miramax Graham Leader, Ross Katz, Todd Field
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring New Line Cinema Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh, Barrie M. Osborne
Moulin Rouge! 20th Century Fox Martin Brown, Baz Luhrmann, Fred Baron
2002 (75th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Chicago Miramax Martin Richards
Gangs of New York Miramax Alberto Grimaldi, Harvey Weinstein
The Hours Paramount, Miramax Scott Rudin, Robert Fox
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers New Line Cinema Barrie M. Osborne, Fran Walsh, Peter Jackson
The Pianist Focus Features Roman Polanski, Robert Benmussa, Alain Sarde
2003 (76th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King New Line Cinema Barrie M. Osborne, Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh
Lost in Translation Focus Features Ross Katz, Sofia Coppola
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World 20th Century Fox, Miramax, Universal Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., Peter Weir, Duncan Henderson
Mystic River Warner Bros. Robert Lorenz, Judie G. Hoyt, Clint Eastwood
Seabiscuit Universal, DreamWorks Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, Gary Ross
2004 (77th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Million Dollar Baby Warner Bros. Clint Eastwood, Albert S. Ruddy, Tom Rosenberg
The Aviator Warner Bros., Miramax Michael Mann, Graham King
Finding Neverland Miramax Richard N. Gladstein, Nellie Bellflower
Ray Universal Taylor Hackford, Stuart Benjamin, Howard Baldwin
Sideways Fox Searchlight Michael London
2005 (78th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Crash Lions Gate Entertainment Paul Haggis, Cathy Schulman
Brokeback Mountain Focus Features Diana Ossana, James Schamus
Capote United Artists Caroline Baron, William Vince, Michael Ohoven
Good Night, and Good Luck Warner Bros. Grant Heslov
Munich DreamWorks, Universal Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, Barry Mendel
2006 (79th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Departed Warner Bros. Graham King
Babel Paramount Vantage Alejandro González Iñárritu, Steve Golin, Jon Kilik
Letters from Iwo Jima[K] Warner Bros. Clint Eastwood, Steven Spielberg, Robert Lorenz
Little Miss Sunshine Fox Searchlight David T. Friendly, Peter Saraf, Marc Turtletaub
The Queen Miramax Andy Harries, Christine Langan, Tracey Seaward
2007 (80th)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
No Country for Old Men Miramax, Paramount Vantage Scott Rudin, Ethan Coen, Joel Coen
Atonement Focus Features Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Paul Webster
Juno Fox Searchlight Lianne Halfon, Mason Novick, Russell Smith
Michael Clayton Warner Bros. Jennifer Fox, Kerry Orent, Sydney Pollack
There Will Be Blood Paramount Vantage, Miramax Paul Thomas Anderson, Daniel Lupi, JoAnne Sellar
2008 (81st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Slumdog Millionaire[O] Fox Searchlight, Warner Bros. Christian Colson
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Paramount, Warner Bros. Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, Cean Chaffin
Frost/Nixon Universal Ron Howard, Brian Grazer, Eric Fellner
Milk Focus Features Bruce Cohen, Dan Jinks
The Reader The Weinstein Co. Anthony Minghella, Sydney Pollack, Donna Gigliotti, Redmond Morris
2009 (82nd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Hurt Locker Summit Entertainment Kathryn Bigelow, Mark Boal, Nicolas Chartier, Greg Shapiro
Avatar Lightstorm Entertainment, 20th Century Fox James Cameron, Jon Landau
The Blind Side Warner Bros. Gil Netter, Andrew A. Kosove, Broderick Johnson
District 9 TriStar Peter Jackson, Carolynne Cunningham
An Education Sony Pictures Classics Finola Dwyer, Amanda Posey
Inglourious Basterds The Weinstein Co., Universal Lawrence Bender
Precious Lions Gate Entertainment Lee Daniels, Sarah Siegel-Magness, Gary Magness
A Serious Man Focus Features Joel Coen, Ethan Coen
Up Disney/Pixar Jonas Rivera
Up in the Air Paramount Daniel Dubiecki, Ivan Reitman, Jason Reitman

2010s

2010 (83rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The King's Speech The Weinstein Co. Iain Canning, Emile Sherman and Gareth Unwin
Black Swan Fox Searchlight Scott Franklin, Mike Medavoy and Brian Oliver
The Fighter Paramount David Hoberman, Todd Lieberman and Mark Wahlberg
Inception Warner Bros. Christopher Nolan and Emma Thomas
The Kids Are All Right Focus Features Gary Gilbert, Jeffrey Levy-Hinte and Celine Rattray
127 Hours Fox Searchlight Danny Boyle and Christian Colson
The Social Network Columbia Dana Brunetti, Ceán Chaffin, Michael De Luca and Scott Rudin
Toy Story 3 Disney/Pixar Darla K. Anderson
True Grit Paramount Ethan Coen, Joel Coen, and Scott Rudin
Winter's Bone Roadside Attractions Alix Madigan and Anne Rosellini

Notes

A : The official name of the award for 1928 and 1929 called Outstanding Picture
B : The official name of the award from 1930 to 1940 called Outstanding Production
C : The official name of the award from 1941 to 1943 called Outstanding Motion Picture
D : The official name of the award from 1944 to 1961 called Best Motion Picture
E : The official name of the award from 1962 called Best Picture
F : There were two categories for "Outstanding Picture" with the other being Academy Award for Best Unique and Artistic Production where the winner was Sunrise (production company: Fox; producer: William Fox). This category was dropped immediately after the first year of the Academy Award.[4]
G1 2 3 4 5 : Head of studio
H1 2 3 : The Academy also announced that A Farewell to Arms came in second, and Little Women third.
I1 2 3 : The Academy also announced that The Barretts of Wimpole Street came in second, and The House of Rothschild third.
J1 2 3 : The Academy also announced that The Informer came in second, and Captain Blood third.
K1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 : Nominated motion picture with non-English dialogue track (AMPAS: foreign language film).[5] Three of which, Z, Life is Beautiful and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[6]
L : Production company with the most nominations (38) and the most awards (5). Applying only from 1928 to 1950.[7]
M : Person with the most nominations (6 nominations, 0 awards). Applying only from 1951 to 2008.[7]
N : Person with the most awards (3 awards, Spiegel 4 nominations, Zaentz 3 nominations). Applying only from 1951 to 2008.[7]
O1 2 3 : Winner with partly non-English dialogue track (AMPAS: foreign language).[8]

Milestones

Listed below are various milestones for Best Picture that various films and individuals have achieved since the inception of the Academy Awards.

Milestones related to acting

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
2nd 1928/29 Broadway Melody, TheThe Broadway Melody 1 3 First winner for Best Picture to receive an acting nomination
7th 1934 It Happened One Night 5 5 First Best Picture nominee to win both Best Actor and Best Actress
15th 1942 Mrs. Miniver 6 12 First Best Picture nominee to receive nominations in all of the four acting categories
26th 1953 From Here to Eternity 8 13 Last Best Picture winner to date to receive nominations in all of the four acting categories
35th 1962 Lawrence of Arabia 7 10 Only Best Picture winner to have credited roles for actors of only one gender
54th 1981 Reds 3 12 Last Best Picture nominee to date to receive nominations in all four of the acting categories
64th 1991 Silence of the Lambs, TheThe Silence of the Lambs 5 7 Last Best Picture winner to date to win both Best Actor and Best Actress
70th 1997 As Good As It Gets 2 7 Last Best Picture nominee to date to win both Best Actor and Best Actress
76th 2003 Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, TheThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 First (and only) film to win more than 10 awards (including Best Picture) and not receive an acting nomination
81st 2008 Slumdog Millionaire 8 10 Last film to date to win Best Picture without receiving any acting nominations

Milestones related to country or language

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
6th 1932/33 Private Life of Henry VIII, TheThe Private Life of Henry VIII 1 2 First foreign film to be nominated for Best Picture and to win any Academy Award (British)
11th 1938 Grand Illusion 0 1 First foreign language film to be nominated for Best Picture (French)
21st 1948 Hamlet 4 7 First foreign film to win Best Picture (British)
73rd 2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 4 10 Foreign language film nominated for Best Picture to date with the most number of Academy Award nominations
79th 2006 Letters from Iwo Jima 1 4 Last foreign language film to date to be nominated for Best Picture (Japanese)
79th 2006 Departed, TheThe Departed 4 5 First (and only) remake of a foreign film to win Best Picture
81st 2008 Slumdog Millionaire 8 10 Tied with Gandhi as Best Picture winner with second most Oscars for a British production (behind The English Patient and The Last Emperor both with nine each).[9]

Milestones related to directing

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
34th 1961 West Side Story 10 11 First of only two Best Picture winners to have more than one credited director (Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise)
59th 1986 Children of a Lesser God 1 5 First film directed by a woman (Randa Haines) to be nominated for Best Picture
62nd 1989 Driving Miss Daisy 4 9 Last film to date to win Best Picture without being nominated for Best Director
70th 1997 Titanic 11 14 First Best Picture winner to be produced, directed, written, and edited by the same person (James Cameron)
71st 1998 Shakespeare in Love 7 13 Most Oscars without a Best Director win
80th 2007 No Country for Old Men 4 8 Last Best Picture winner to date to have more than one credited director (Joel and Ethan Coen)
82nd 2009 Hurt Locker, TheThe Hurt Locker 6 9 First (and only) Best Picture winner directed by a woman (Kathryn Bigelow)
82nd 2009 Precious 2 6 First (and only) Best Picture nominee directed by an African-American (Lee Daniels)

Milestones related to genre

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
1st 1927/28 Wings 2 2 First war film to be nominated and win Best Picture
1st 1927/28 Wings 2 2 First (and only) silent film to win Best Picture
2nd 1928/29 Broadway Melody, TheThe Broadway Melody 1 3 First musical to win Best Picture
4th 1930/31 Cimarron 3 7 First Western to win Best Picture
7th 1934 It Happened One Night 5 5 First comedy to win Best Picture
10th 1937 Life of Emile Zola, TheThe Life of Emile Zola 3 10 First biographical picture (biopic) to win Best Picture
12th 1939 Wizard of Oz, TheThe Wizard of Oz 2 6 First children's film to be nominated for Best Picture
13th 1940 Rebecca 2 11 First (and only) thriller to win Best Picture
40th 1967 In the Heat of the Night 5 7 First (and only) mystery to win Best Picture
44th 1971 Clockwork Orange, AA Clockwork Orange 0 4 First science fiction film to be nominated for Best Picture
46th 1973 Exorcist, TheThe Exorcist 2 10 First horror film to be nominated for Best Picture
49th 1976 Rocky 3 10 First sports film to win Best Picture
58th 1985 Kiss of the Spider Woman 1 4 First Independent film to be nominated for Best Picture
64th 1991 Beauty and the Beast 2 6 First animated film to be nominated for Best Picture
64th 1991 Silence of the Lambs, TheThe Silence of the Lambs 5 7 First (and only) horror film to win Best Picture
71st 1998 Shakespeare in Love 7 13 Last comedy to date to win Best Picture
73rd 2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 4 10 First (and only) martial arts film to date to be nominated for Best Picture
75th 2002 Chicago 6 13 Last musical to date to win (or be nominated for) Best Picture
76th 2003 Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, TheThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 First (and only) fantasy film to date to win Best Picture
83rd 2010 King's Speech, TheThe King's Speech 4 12 Last biopic to date to win Best Picture

Milestones related to other Academy Awards

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
1st 1927/28 Wings 2 2 Winner of the first Academy award for Best Picture
2nd 1928/29 Broadway Melody, TheThe Broadway Melody 1 3 First film to win Best Picture without winning any other Academy Awards
4th 1930/31 Cimarron 3 7 First film to be nominated for every major Academy Award, including Best Picture
5th 1931/32 Grand Hotel 1 1 First (and only) film to win Best Picture without receiving any other nominations
7th 1934 It Happened One Night 5 5 First of only three films to win every major Academy Award, including Best Picture
8th 1935 Mutiny on the Bounty 1 8 Last film to date to win Best Picture without winning any other Academy Awards
16th 1943 Ox-Bow Incident, TheThe Ox-Bow Incident 0 1 Last film to date to be nominated for Best Picture and no other award
24th 1951 Decision Before Dawn 0 2 First film to be nominated for Best Picture and only one other award after the switch to five nominees in 1944
39th 1966 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 5 13 First (and only) Best Picture nominee to be nominated for every award category in which it was eligible
53rd 1980 Ordinary People 4 6 Last film to date to win Best Picture without a Best Film Editing nomination.
48th 1975 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 5 9 Second of only three films to win every major Academy Award, including Best Picture
64th 1991 Silence of the Lambs, TheThe Silence of the Lambs 5 7 Third of only three films to win every major Academy Award, including Best Picture
70th 1997 Titanic 11 14 Last film to date to win Best Picture without a screenplay nomination (Adapted or Original)
76th 2003 Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, TheThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 Last film to date to win Best Picture and all of its other nominated categories

Milestones related to other awards ceremonies

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
11th 1938 You Can't Take It With You 2 7 First of only two Best Picture winners to have been adapted for the screen from plays which won the Pulitzer Prize
18th 1945 Lost Weekend, TheThe Lost Weekend 4 7 Only film to win both Best Picture and the Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
28th 1955 Marty 4 8 Only film to win both Best Picture and the Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or
46th 1973 The Sting 7 10 First of only two films to win Best Picture without being nominated for either of the three Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture (drama, comedy/musical or foreign film).
61st 1988 Rain Man 4 8 First (and only) film to win Berlin Golden Bear and Best Picture
62nd 1989 Driving Miss Daisy 4 9 Second of only two Best Picture winners to have been adapted for the screen from plays having won the Pulitzer Prize
78th 2005 Crash 3 6 One of only two film festival acquisitions to win Best Picture
78th 2005 Crash 3 6 Second of only two films to win Best Picture without being nominated for either of the three Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture (drama, comedy/musical or foreign film).
82nd 2009 Hurt Locker, TheThe Hurt Locker 6 9 Second of only two film festival acquisitions to win Best Picture

Milestones related to rating

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
41st 1968 Oliver! 6 11 First film with an MPAA rating to win Best Picture
41st 1968 Oliver! 6 11 First (and only) G-rated film to date to win Best Picture
42nd 1969 Midnight Cowboy 3 7 First (and only) X-rated film to win Best Picture
42nd 1969 Anne of the Thousand Days 1 10 First M-rated film to be nominated for Best Picture
42nd 1969 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 4 7 Last M-rated film to be nominated for Best Picture
43rd 1970 Patton 7 10 First (and only) GP-rated film to win Best Picture
44th 1971 Clockwork Orange, AA Clockwork Orange 0 4 Last X-rated film to be nominated for Best Picture
44th 1971 Nicholas and Alexandra 2 7 Last GP-rated film to be nominated for Best Picture
44th 1971 French Connection, TheThe French Connection 5 8 First R-rated film to win Best Picture
46th 1973 The Sting 7 10 First PG-rated film to win Best Picture
58th 1985 Color Purple, TheThe Color Purple 0 11 First PG-13-rated film to be nominated for Best Picture
60th 1987 Last Emperor, TheThe Last Emperor 9 9 First PG-13-rated film to win Best Picture
62nd 1989 Driving Miss Daisy 4 9 Last Best Picture winner to date with a PG rating (or lower)

Milestones related to sequels, prequels, remakes, and adaptations

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
4th 1930/31 Skippy 1 4 First (and only) film based on a comic book, comic strip, or graphic novel to be nominated for Best Picture
8th 1935 Midsummer Night's Dream, AA Midsummer Night's Dream 2* 3 First Shakespeare adaptation to be nominated for Best Picture (* one of its two Oscars was a write-in winner)
18th 1945 Bells of St. Mary's, TheThe Bells of St. Mary's 1 8 First sequel to be nominated for Best Picture
28th 1955 Marty 4 8 First (and only) film based on a television film or mini-series to win Best Picture
47th 1974 Godfather Part II, TheThe Godfather Part II 6 11 First sequel to win Best Picture.
63rd 1990 Godfather Part III, TheThe Godfather Part III 0 7 First of only two trilogies to have all three films nominated for Best Picture
66th 1993 Fugitive, TheThe Fugitive 1 7 First film based on a television series to be nominated for Best Picture
73rd 2000 Traffic 4 5 Last Best Picture nominee to date to have been based on a television film or mini-series
76th 2003 Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, TheThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 Second of only two trilogies to have all three films nominated for Best Picture, and only one to have the third installment win.
83rd 2010 Toy Story 3 2 5 Only sequel to be nominated for Best Picture without any of its predecessors being nominated

Milestones related to superlatives

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
6th 1932/33 She Done Him Wrong 0 1 Shortest film to be nominated for Best Picture (1 hour 6 minutes)
12th 1939 Gone with the Wind 8 13 Longest film to win Best Picture (3 hours 54 minutes)
23rd 1950 All About Eve 6 14 First of only two films to receive 14 Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture
28th 1955 Marty 4 8 Shortest film to win Best Picture (1 hour 31 minutes)
32nd 1959 Ben-Hur 11 12 First of only three films to win 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture
45th 1972 Cabaret 8 10 Best Picture nominee to win the most Academy Awards (8) without winning Best Picture
50th 1977 Turning Point, TheThe Turning Point 0 11 First of two Best Picture nominees to receive 11 nominations without winning any Academy Awards
58th 1985 Color Purple, TheThe Color Purple 0 11 Second of two Best Picture nominees to receive 11 nominations without winning any Academy Awards
70th 1997 Titanic 11 14 Second of only two films to receive 14 Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture
70th 1997 Titanic 11 14 First Best Picture winner to gross more than a billion US dollars worldwide.[10]
70th 1997 Titanic 11 14 Second of only three films to date to win 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture
76th 2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 11 First and only film to date with ten or more nominations (11) to win in every nomination it received including Best Picture
77th 2004 Million Dollar Baby 4 7 Last film to date to be nominated for every major Academy Award, including Best Picture
77th 2004 Aviator, TheThe Aviator 5 11 Last film to date to win the most Academy Awards (5) in its year without winning Best Picture
82nd 2009 Hurt Locker, TheThe Hurt Locker 6 9 Lowest-grossing film after 1955 to win Best Picture

Milestones related to technology

Annual Year Film Awards Noms Milestone
2nd 1928/29 Broadway Melody, TheThe Broadway Melody 1 3 First sound film to win Best Picture
10th 1937 Star Is Born, AA Star Is Born 1 7 First all-color film nominated for Best Picture
12th 1939 Gone with the Wind 8 13 First all-color film to win Best Picture
18th 1945 Anchors Aweigh 1 5 First live action/traditional animation hybrid film to be nominated for Best Picture
26th 1953 Robe, TheThe Robe 2 5 First motion picture (and Best Picture nominee) in CinemaScope
33rd 1960 Apartment, TheThe Apartment 5 10 Last black-and-white film before 1993 (and last entirely in B&W) to win Best Picture
64th 1991 Beauty and the Beast 2 6 First (and only) hand drawn animated film to be nominated for Best Picture
66th 1993 Schindler's List 7 12 First (and only) black-and-white film after 1960 to win Best Picture (though with some color sequences)
78th 2005 Good Night, and Good Luck 0 6 Last black-and-white film to date to be nominated for Best Picture
82nd 2009 Avatar 3 9 First nominee to be entirely filmed using 3D film technology
82nd 2009 Up 2 5 First computer animated film to be nominated for Best Picture

Superlatives

Category Record Holder Record Notes
Most Best Picture Awards by a Studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 5 awards Note 1
Most Best Picture Nominations by a Studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 40 nominations
Most Best Picture Awards by a Producer Sam Spiegel and Saul Zaentz 3 awards Note 1
Most Best Picture Nominations by a Producer Stanley Kramer, Steven Spielberg,
and Kathleen Kennedy
6 nominations Note 2
Most Best Picture Awards by a Director William Wyler 3 awards
Most Best Picture Nominations by a Director William Wyler 13 nominations
Best Picture with the Most Awards Ben-Hur, Titanic, and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 11 awards
Best Picture with the Most Nominations All About Eve and Titanic 14 nominations
Longest Best Picture Winner Gone with the Wind 3 hours and 54 minutes Note 3
Longest Best Picture Nominee Cleopatra 4 hours and 3 minutes Note 4
Shortest Best Picture Winner Marty 1 hour and 31 minutes Note 5
Shortest Best Picture Nominee She Done Him Wrong 1 hour and 6 minutes

Note 1: Until the 23rd Academy Awards (1950), Best Picture was awarded to the studio that produced the film. Beginning with the 24th Academy Awards (1951), however, it has been awarded to the individual producers credited on the film. Note also that until 1943, there were ten (rather than five) nominated films per year. As of 2009, there are once again ten nominated films. The first year in which multiple individuals jointly won was 1973, with three winners for The Sting. The greatest number of joint winners was five, for Shakespeare in Love in 1998. After this, the Academy imposed a limit of three nominated producers per film; however, this limit may be exceeded in a "rare and extraordinary circumstance", such as in 2008 when both Anthony Minghella and Sydney Pollack were posthumously included among four nominees for The Reader.[11]

Note 2: Stanley Kramer, Steven Spielberg, and Kathleen Kennedy are the producers who have received the most Best Picture nominations, with six apiece. Neither Kramer nor Kennedy has ever won the Best Picture award; Spielberg won for Schindler's List in 1993.

Note 3: It remains a very close call — a tie, virtually — between the top two "longest" Best Pictures. The total film time (without music) of Gone with the Wind (1939) is almost 221 minutes (3 hours and 41 minutes); with the Overture, Intermission, Entr'acte, and Walkout Music, it reaches 234 minutes (3 hours and 54 minutes). The total film time (without music) of the original Lawrence of Arabia (1962) is just over 222 minutes (3 hours and 42 minutes), slightly longer than Gone with the Wind. Lawrence of Arabia's additional elements extend the film to about 232 minutes (3 hours and 52 minutes). If just counting the film itself, Lawrence of Arabia is the longest of the two contenders. The other longest Best Picture winners are, in order: Ben-Hur (1959) at 212 minutes (3 hours and 32 minutes) and The Lord of Rings: Return of the King (2003) at 201 minutes (3 hours and 21 minutes).

Note 4: The longest film to ever win any Academy Award was Russia's War and Peace (1965) at 414 minutes (6 hours and 54 minutes), winner of Best Foreign Language Film.

Note 5: After Marty, the second shortest Best Picture winner is Annie Hall (1977) at 93 minutes (1 hour and 33 minutes).

See also

References

  1. ^ Nikki Finke (2011-06-14). "OSCAR SHOCKER! Academy Builds Surprise & Secrecy Into Best Picture Race: Now There Can Be Anywhere From 5 To 10 Nominees". Deadline Hollywood. MMC. http://www.deadline.com/2011/06/oscar-academy-builds-surprise-into-best-picture-race/. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Joyce Eng (24 June 2009). "Oscar Expands Best Picture Race to 10 Nominees". TV Guide Online. http://www.tvguide.com/Movie-News/Oscar-Expands-Best-1007223.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  3. ^ Poll: Vote on the Oscars Like an Academy Member, Rob Richie, Huffington Post, 16 February 2011
  4. ^ "Best Pictures - Facts & Trivia (part 1)". Filmsite.org. http://www.filmsite.org/bestpics.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  5. ^ "Oscar Trivia". Oscars.org. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/trivia.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  6. ^ Variety Staff (2007-03-01). "Best Foreign Film". Variety. http://www.variety.com/awardcentral_article/VR1117856491.html?nav=history. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  7. ^ a b c "Academy Awards Statistics". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/help/helpMain.jsp?helpContentURL=statistics/indexStats.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  8. ^ "Best Pictures - Facts & Trivia (part 2)". Filmsite.org. http://www.filmsite.org/bestpics1.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  9. ^ "FILMS WITH 10 OR MORE NOMINATIONS". Academy Award Database. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/help/helpMain.jsp?helpContentURL=statistics/indexStats.html. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  10. ^ http://boxofficemojo.com/oscar/
  11. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (27 January 2009). "Acad allows 'Reader' 4 producers; Minghella, Pollack to be named as nominees". Variety (Reed Business). http://www.variety.com/awardcentral_article/VR1117999153.html?nav=news&categoryid=1982&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 

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