The Brown Daily Herald

Infobox_Newspaper
name = The Brown Daily Herald


caption = The front page of The Brown Daily Herald on February 15, 2007
type = Daily newspaper
format = Tabloid
foundation = 1866
price = Free
owners = Independent
publisher =
editor = Simmi Aujla
Ross Frazier
language = English
political =
circulation = 4,000
headquarters = Providence, Rhode Island
ISSN =
website = [http://www.browndailyherald.com www.browndailyherald.com]

"The Brown Daily Herald" is the student newspaper of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. It is financially and editorially independent of the University, and publishes Monday through Friday during the academic year with additional issues during commencement, summer and orientation. [http://www.browndailyherald.com/home/generalinformation/ The Brown Daily Herald Online — About The Herald] ] Established in 1866 and published daily since 1891, [ [http://www.brown.edu/web/gab3/view.php?id=236 Student Groups at Brown] ] "The Herald" is the second-oldest student newspaper among America’s college dailies. [cite news
last = Lasica
first = J.D.
coauthors =
title = Birth of an alumni association — and an independent Targum
publisher = jdlasica.com
date = April 8, 2003
url = http://jdlasica.com/articles/targum.html
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] "The Herald" is managed by a board of trustees of which two editorial staffers, two business staffers and five "Herald" alumni are members.

History

Early Years

"The Herald" first appeared on Wednesday, December 2, 1891. The first issue was printed during the night and copies were distributed to each door in the dormitories with no preliminary announcement. The secret planning for the paper was actually begun about a month earlier by Ted Baylies 1895 and George Hunter 1893, who, as readers of "The Harvard Crimson" and "The Yale Daily News", were convinced that they could put out a daily newspaper at Brown. They enlisted the help of John 1893 and Edward Casey 1893, who were putting themselves through college in their printing shop at the foot of College Hill. Baylies and Steve Hopkins 1893 rounded up advertising for the whole year to insure the financial soundness of their proposed venture. Ben Johnson 1893, H. Anthony Dyer 1894, and Guy A. Andrews 1895 were also named to the board of editors. The approval of 8th University President Elisha Benjamin Andrews and other faculty members was obtained before the first issue appeared. The four-page paper was printed at the Casey shop on a single-cylinder press operated by a wheel, mostly by the labor of the editors after they discovered that the tramp printer they had hired was given to drinking. The price of the paper was two cents a copy or $1.50 per year. "The Herald" received a cool reception from the "Brunonian", which in 1890 had welcomed the "Brown Magazine" as a new literary publication and devoted its own pages to news, but had rejected the idea of daily publication. A Brunonian editorial criticized the appearance of "The Herald", and stated:Nevertheless, "The Herald" survived and even began to have a social life, holding its first banquet at the Crown Hotel in 1903, and playing the first of a long series of annual baseball games against the "Brunonian" in 1907. As a supporter of Charles Evans Hughes 1881 for president in 1916, "The Herald" happily and in large print proclaimed his victory on November 8, 1916 before learning that he had actually lost the election.cite encyclopedia
last = Mitchell
first = Martha
authorlink =
title = Brown Daily Herald
encyclopedia = Encyclopedia Brunonia
volume =
pages =
publisher = Brown University Library
location = Providence, Rhode Island
date = 1993
url = http://www.brown.edu/Administration/News_Bureau/Databases/Encyclopedia/search.php?serial=B0400
accessdate = 2007-02-10
]

WWI

"The Herald" dropped the word “Daily” in May 1917 when publication was limited to three days a week. In the fall of 1918 the paper became a semi-weekly. On February 1, 1919, daily publication was resumed. During the war, letters from alumni in the service were featured.

1920s

After the war, the paper turned its attention to other matters, printing a green issue for St. Patrick’s Day in 1920, and on January 20, 1921, an editorial on the immoral behavior of Brown students and their dates, the "social buds," who came to Brown dances and checked their corsets with the hat-check attendant. The editorial provoked replies and received a whole page of coverage in the "Boston American". "The Literary Supplement of the Brown Daily Herald", a twelve-page collection of poetry and short pieces of prose, priced at fifteen cents, made two appearances, in April and May of 1921, and then disappeared. For some reason, in December 1921, when "The Herald" was celebrating its thirtieth anniversary, the masthead began to include the words, “Founded in 1866, Daily since 1891.” The reason for the determination of this date of “founding” is uncertain. Perhaps "The Herald" decided to adopt its rival, the "Brunonian" — with which it had coexisted — as an antecedent. "The Herald" would then be able to stretch its life back to 1866, when another "Brunonian", this one a rival of the "Brown Paper", appeared. On October 19, 1924, a newspaper appeared with the title, "Brown Daily Drivel", a single issue printed by students as a travesty on "The Brown Daily Herald". In later years, "The Herald" issued its own comic papers, often on April Fools' Day (a tradition that continues today [cite news
last = Schuettler
first = Glen
coauthors =
title = Brown offers Kim Jong-Il honorary degree in bid to one-up Yale
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = April 3, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/04/03/CampusNews/Brown.Offers.Kim.JongIl.Honorary.Degree.In.Bid.To.OneUp.Yale-1777145.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] ), and most recently at the end of a year as the final production of one editorial board before the next board takes charge.

WWII

In 1933, "The Herald" caused a considerable stir by launching an editorial campaign urging students at Brown and at other colleges to sign petitions pledging “not to bear arms except when the country is invaded.” An unexpected result was the appointment by the Rhode Island General Assembly of a committee “to investigate the University and to provide penalties for disloyalty to the State and Nation.” The response of the students was to raise the number of pledges to 700. The peace drive spread to other colleges and soon an Intercollegiate Disarmament Council was inviting colleges across the country to join the peace movement. The university administration, while not in favor of the stand, did not interfere, and the legislative committee concluded that there was no need to suppress the movement as there was no evidence of a connection with disloyal organizations outside the University. When a destructive hurricane struck New England on September 21, 1938, during freshman week, eight upperclassmen who were on campus to greet the freshmen managed to get out by candlelight a mimeographed one-page edition of "The Herald", followed by a similar two-page issue the next day. During World War II, "The Brown Daily Herald" again suspended publication on January 12, 1943. From March 10 to August 13, 1943 the paper was published weekly and called the "Brown Herald". From August 20, 1943 to October 5, 1945 the weekly "Brown Herald-Record" replaced the "Brown Herald" and the "Pembroke Record", and during that time had a woman editor, Audrey Mishel ’44. In September 1947, when "The Herald" resumed daily publication, it published a magazine called "Midnight", a manual of sorts for the Herald staff. The title came from the paper’s deadline.

1950s-1960s

Since September 1947, "The Brown Daily Herald" has been published regularly. However, its duration is not as long as its numbering suggests, having been inadvertently extended on January 18, 1959, when the volume number abruptly changed from 68 to 88, an error on which all subsequent numbering has been based. "The Brown Daily Herald Supplement" was first published on September 28, 1959. The contents of the first issue were an interesting assortment – a review of "Lady Chatterley's Lover" (recently reissued in the United States, where it had been banned), photographs of life on South Main Street (identified on the cover as “Slums”), an article on the prospects of the Ivy League season, an article on new chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee, and a cartoon by Jules Feiffer. "The Supplement" continued to be a weekly (although not always on the same day of the week) publication until 1963. "The Brown Herald Review", containing literary pieces, art, and book reviews, was published eight times during the academic year from October 1963 until January 1966. A hoax issue of the Herald which went wrong was that of December 6, 1965, with its oversized headline, “Pembrokers Get Apartments; Experiment Begins in Spring,” and related stories. The next day, Editor-in-Chief M. Charles Bakst ’66 and two managing editors resigned, stating that in conceiving the hoax issue they had believed that it “would be humorous in the short-run and conducive in the long run to a more thorough discussion of Pembroke’s residential and social system.” In fact, their stories had been taken at face value by some students, faculty, and administration, who were not amused. On March 27, 1964, a similar effort proclaiming “Pembroke No Longer ‘Coordinate’; Corporation Makes Brown ‘Co-ed’” and “Keeney Selects Special Committee to Supervise ‘Herald’” had brought forth no more than a cheerful communication to the managing board from President Keeney, probably because of the proximity to April Fools’ Day.

1960s-1990s

In 1968, Beverly Hodgson ’70 was acclaimed by the press as “First Woman Editor of Ivy League Daily” (and coincidentally later married the nephew of Audrey Mishel, the woman editor of the "Herald-Record" of World War II), and with her managing editor, another woman, Laura Hersh ’70, got "The Herald" out from its new offices at 195 Angell Street. In 1973, "The Brown Daily Herald Voluntary Publishing Association", which took in outside printing jobs as well as publishing "The Herald", was facing financial difficulties after purchasing typesetting equipment. The solution was the founding of "Fresh Fruit", a college-oriented tabloid with distribution to eight college campuses and the potential for generating advertising income. Its first appearance was in "The Brown Daily Herald" of February 15, 1973. In February 1975, an editorial staff separate from that of "The Herald" took over the publication of "Fresh Fruit". "The Herald", still in debt after a 1974 operating loss of $10,000, began an alumni subscription drive, filed claims against its creditors, and sought incorporation under the laws of Rhode Island. With the Commencement issue of 1975, "The Brown Daily Herald Voluntary Publishing Association" became "The Brown Daily Herald, Inc." In 1985, "The Herald" entered into a contract with the Undergraduate Council of Students, in which UCS agreed to purchase 5,500 subscriptions at five dollars each for every member of the student body, though UCS later cancelled this contract and "The Herald" has been free since. A weekend insert called "Good Clean Fun" was added in 1986. In September 1989, a new supplement, intended to be monthly, appeared under the title, "In Depth". Editor-in-chief of "The Herald" Amy Bach expressed the hope that the new supplement would serve as a forum for the thorough exploration of one topic each month. The first issue was devoted to articles on depression, the second to Providence’s neighborhoods. On November 2, 1991, "The Brown Daily Herald" held a one-hundredth anniversary celebration, at which William Kovach was the keynote speaker.

Today’s "Herald"

ections

"The Herald" is organized into seven sections, four of which appear daily:

;1. Campus News : The largest section of the newspaper, "Campus News" covers stories directly affecting the Brown community, from student protests, [cite news
last = Lehmann
first = Debbie
coauthors =
title = Students and alums rally at Faunce against police brutality
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = October 2, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/10/02/CampusNews/Students.And.Alums.Rally.At.Faunce.Against.Police.Brutality-2319147.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] to prominent speakers, [cite news
last = Wootton
first = Anne
coauthors =
title = Obama dismisses cynicism, advocates hope
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = October 13, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/10/13/CampusNews/Obama.Dismisses.Cynicism.Advocates.Hope-2349361.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] to administrative changes. [cite news
last = Firestone
first = Chaz
coauthors =
title = Banner launch pushes ahead amid mounting student criticism
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 7, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/07/CampusNews/Banner.Launch.Pushes.Ahead.Amid.Mounting.Student.Criticism-2703028.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] ;2. Higher Ed : "Higher Ed", which runs on Wednesdays, reports significant developments at other colleges and in higher education in general. [cite news
last = Bechek
first = Michael
coauthors =
title = UCLA student Tased by campus police
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = November 29, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/11/29/CampusWatch/Ucla-Student.Tased.By.Campus.Police-2511889.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] [cite news
last = Firestone
first = Chaz
coauthors =
title = Policies on suicide and depression land two schools in court
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = November 1, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/11/01/CampusWatch/Policies.On.Suicide.And.Depression.Land.Two.Schools.In.Court-2414439.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] and their potential effects on the Brown community.

;3. Opinions : Comprising letters and op-eds, "Opinions" appear on the 10th and 11th pages of the paper (on days the paper runs its usual 12 pages). The 10th page contains a staff editorial, [cite news
last =
first =
coauthors =
title = An hour well-spent with Cornel West
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 5, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/05/Editorial/An.Hour.WellSpent.With.Cornel.West-2696784.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] as well as letters to the editor. [cite news
last = Quigley
first = Sean
coauthors =
title = No one knows what really happened Sunday
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = September 15, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/09/15/Letters/No.One.Knows.What.Really.Happened.Sunday-2279541.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] [cite news
last = Frank
first = Gill
coauthors =
title = Letter by Quigley ’10 unconstructive, racist
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = September 18, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/09/18/Letters/Letter.By.Quigley.10.Unconstructive.Racist-2282027.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] On Fridays, a special staff editorial called Diamonds and Coal is published, which contains short, humorous quips applauding ("diamond") or denouncing ("coal") the people and groups who made headlines that week. [cite news
last =
first =
coauthors =
title = Diamonds and Coal
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 2, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/02/Editorial/Diamonds.And.Coal-2694035.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-14
]

;4. Sports : A blend of opinion and match coverage, the "Sports" section appears on the back page of the paper. It covers intercollegiate competitions, [cite news
last = Harris
first = Jason
coauthors =
title = M. and w. squash both trample Tufts
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 9, 2009
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/09/Sports/M.And.W.Squash.Both.Trample.Tufts-2709647.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] profiles individual players, [cite news
last = Santini
first = Marco
coauthors =
title = M. icers’ Garbutt ’09 gabs about growing up in Canada
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 9, 2009
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/09/Sports/M.Icers.Garbutt.09.Gabs.About.Growing.Up.In.Canada-2709648.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
] and offers opinions on professional sports teams and leagues. [cite news
last = Rochelson
first = Ellis
coauthors =
title = The State of Red Sox Nation
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 1, 2009
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/01/Sports/The-State.Of.Red.Sox.Nation-2691260.shtml?sourcedomain=www.browndailyherald.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com
accessdate = 2007-02-10
]

;5. World and Nation : "The Herald" subscribes to [http://www.latwp.com www.latwp.com] , a newswire service that licenses "The Herald" to print stories written by leading journalists from The Los Angeles Times and The Washington Post. This allows "The Herald" to offer its readers coverage of stories that would be impossible for a student-run paper to cover, such as the Iraq War and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

;6. Arts & Culture : With reports and reviews of on-campus plays, [cite news
last = Doob
first = Gabriella
coauthors =
title = PW show to unleash 30,000 fruit flies on stage
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = December 6, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/12/06/ArtsCulture/Pw.Show.To.Unleash.30000.Fruit.Flies.On.Stage-2524703.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] [cite news
last = Gidwitz
first = Lydia
coauthors =
title = 'Hot 'N' Throbbing' leaves audience panting for more
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = November 11, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/11/10/ArtsCulture/hot-n.Throbbing.Leaves.Audience.Panting.For.More-2452699.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] films, [cite news
last = Ehrich Bernstein
first = Allison
coauthors =
title = To Cannes via Kyoto
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = October 24, 2005
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2005/10/24/ArtsCulture/To.Cannes.Via.Kyoto-1031383.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] and art exhibitions and installations,cite news
last = Wickham
first = Allison
coauthors =
title = Installation explores art within space
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = September 11, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/09/11/ArtsCulture/Installation.Explores.Art.Within.Space-2265354.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] the "Arts & Culture" section is a soft news alternative to the typically straightforward and sharp "Campus News" section. It appears Monday and Friday in the middle pages of the paper, beginning with page 3.

;7. Metro : Appearing Tuesdays and Thursdays, the "Metro" section covers stories central to Providence and its surrounding cities. This can range from Rhode Island state legislation [cite news
last = Ho
first = Thi
coauthors =
title = Medical Marijuana Act up for review
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 6, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/06/Metro/Medical.Marijuana.Act.Up.For.Review-2700232.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] to government-related student protest, [cite news
last = Aujla
first = Simmi
coauthors =
title = Students to march to State House for campaign finance reform
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 6, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/06/Metro/Students.To.March.To.State.House.For.Campaign.Finance.Reform-2700242.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] and can also include the goings on of local resaurants and shops. [cite news
last = Aujla
first = Simmi
coauthors =
title = Au Bon Pain reopens with new decor
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = January 30, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/01/30/Metro/Metro.In.Brief-2685415.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] Stories in the "Metro" section tend to link local and state news to the Brown community, letting students know how the changes will affect the University. [cite news
last = Molinaro
first = Sara
coauthors =
title = Trans fatty? Soon, perhaps not the Ratty
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 1, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/01/Metro/Trans.Fatty.Soon.Perhaps.Not.The.Ratty-2691256.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
]

;8. Features : Though not technically a section, the "Features" desk publishes a few longer, softer stories each week. Usually appearing on the front page, a feature can be a profile of an interesting Brown student or alumnus, [cite news
last = Levintova
first = Hannah
coauthors =
title = Haxton '08 amasses $1.3 million playing poker
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 6, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/06/Features/Haxton.08.Amasses.1.3.Million.Playing.Poker-2700223.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] an inspiring story of perseverance or accomplishment, [cite news
last = Firestone
first = Chaz
coauthors =
title = Undergraduate research contributed to BrainGate
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = October 25, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/10/25/Features/Undergraduate.Research.Contributed.To.Braingate-2400236.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] an exposé of University policy, [cite news
last = Woo
first = Stu
coauthors =
title = A look at the University's animal testing
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = February 12, 2007
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2007/02/12/Features/A.Look.At.The.Universitys.Animal.Testing-2712715.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
] or simply an observation of Brown University's quirks. [cite news
last = Firestone
first = Chaz
coauthors =
title = Getting clean in the CIT
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = October 31, 2006
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2006/10/31/Features/Getting.Clean.In.The.Cit-2411624.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-14
]

Post- Magazine

Post- is "The Herald's" weekly arts and culture magazine, running each Thursday. Its name originally referenced the academic convention of using "post-" as a prefix — as in “post-modernism” and “post-structuralism” — to indicate transcending older modes of thought.

Post- regularly contains film, [cite news
last = Lennard
first = Daniel
coauthors =
title = the far eastwood: clint goes east, lands back in hollywood
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/02/15/FilmTelevision/The-Far.Eastwood-2721501.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
] television, [cite news
last = Saraiya
first = Sonia
coauthors =
title = you're everywhere to me: an exposé on rachel ray, sweet gourmet
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/02/15/FilmTelevision/Youre.Everywhere.To.Me-2721254.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
] and music reviews, [cite news
last = Kinsey
first = Katherine
coauthors =
title = they will, they won't: the broken west defies indie stereotypes
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/03/01/Music/They-Will.They.Wont-2750508.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
] editorials on Brown University's arts scene, and two sex columns called "Sexpertise," one written by a male [cite news
last = Quiñones
first = Martin
coauthors =
title = i wanna f*ck you like an animal... please?: how to get what you want
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/03/01/Sexpertise/I.Wanna.Fck.You.Like.An.Animal.Please-2750362.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
] and one by a female. [cite news
last = Littlefield
first = Amy
coauthors =
title = flex your jaw muscles: a different kind of endurance training
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/03/01/Sexpertise/Flex-Your.Jaw.Muscles-2750398.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
] It also includes colorful commentary on current events [cite news
last = Cutler
first = Aaron
coauthors =
title = the post- mortem: our film editor worships in the house of oscar
publisher = post- Magazine
date = March 1, 2007
url = http://media.post.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper745/news/2007/03/01/Features/The-Post.Mortem-2750523.shtml
accessdate = 2007-03-01
]

One noteworthy feature of each issue is a nearly-nude picture of a campus group or person, with creative ways of covering up the subjects' private parts. Post- has its own website, [http://post.browndailyherald.com post.browndailyherald.com]

Herald Style

"The Herald" has a unique style. The paper references academic departments, faculty titles, University campaigns, and organizations abbreviated by acronyms so regularly that it has several case-specific policies for references. "The Herald" does not employ the serial comma, and favors the word "said" after a quote over "mentioned," "pointed out," etc.

Generally "The Herald" defaults to the Associated Press style, and therefore keeps numerous copies of the AP Stylebook on hand in its office.

taff

"The Brown Daily Herald" employs over 100 voluntary staff members, who work as editors, business managers, reporters, designers, photographers, and artists.

Editorial Board

The editorial board manages the "The Herald" and is responsible for its daily production. Members usually serve for the spring of their junior year and the fall of their senior year. The board usually consists of between three and seven positions. In recent years, positions on the board have included Editors in Chief, Executive Editors and Senior Editors. "The Herald" is currently under its 118th editorial board. For this reason, the members of the board are collectively referred to as "118" (pronounced "one-eighteen"). The members of the 118th editorial board are:

* Simmi Aujla, Editor in Chief and President of "The Brown Daily Herald, Inc."
* Ross Frazier, Editor in Chief and Vice President of "The Brown Daily Herald Inc."
* Taylor Barnes, Senior Editor
* Chris Gang, Senior Editor
* Stu Woo, Senior Editor

Production

The production staff of "The Herald" is responsible for the technical aspects of putting out the day's paper. They design the layout of the paper with Adobe InDesign, copy edit the articles, and post content to the Web. They are:

* Steve DeLucia, Production & Design Editor
* Chaz Kelsh, Assistant Design Editor
* Catherine Cullen, Copy Desk Chief
* Adam Robbins, Graphics Editor

ection Editors

Each of "The Herald's" sections is managed by one or more section editors. Currently, they are:

* Robin Steele, Arts & Culture Editor
* Andrea Savdie, Assistant Arts & Culture Editor
* Chaz Firestone, Features Editor
* Olivia Hoffman, Assistant Features Editor
* Rachel Arndt, Metro Editor
* Scott Lowenstein, Metro Editor
* Mike Bechek, News Editor
* Isabel Gottlieb, News Editor
* Franklin Kanin, News Editor
* Michael Skocpol, News Editor
* Karla Bertrand, Opinions Editor
* James Shapiro, Opinions Editor
* Whitney Clark, Sports Editor
* Amy Ehrhart, Sports Editor
* Jason Harris, Sports Editor
* Benjy Asher, Assistant Sports Editor
* Andrew Braca, Assistant Sports Editor
* Megan McCahill, Assistant Sports Editor

Photo

* Rahul Keerthi, Photo Editor
* Meara Sharma, Assistant Photo Editor
* Min Wu, Assistant Photo Editor
* Ashley Hess, Sports Photo Editor

Post- Magazine

* Matt Hill, Editor-in-Chief
* Rajiv Jayadevan, Editor-in-Chief
* Colleen Brogan, Features Editor
* Arthur Matuszewski, Features Editor
* Bob Short, Music Editor
* Eva Kurtz-Nelson, Assistant Music Editor
* Patrick Martin-Tuite, Film Editor
* Kelly McKowen, From-the-Hill Editor
* Gabriela Scarritt, Design Editor
* Monica Huang, Layout Editor
* Kristen Olds, Layout Editor
* Aditya Voleti, Graphics Editor
* Matt Surka, Photo Editor

Business

Because "The Herald" is independent of Brown University, it must generate revenue to sustain itself. The business staff does so mainly through soliciting advertisements in the paper. Additionally, "The Herald" offers daily and weekly subscriptions to the newspaper, and fills around 30 subscriptions each week. Currently, the staff consists of an executive management team, staff members, and one paid employee.

* Dee Gill, General Manager and Treasurer of "The Brown Daily Herald, Inc."
* Darren Ball, General Manager and Secretary of "The Brown Daily Herald, Inc."
* Susan Dansereau, Office Manager

Web Presence

In 1995, "The Herald" became the first college newspaper in the United States to publish itself online as well as in print. The newspaper is published each day at [http://www.browndailyherald.com www.browndailyherald.com] — where it can be viewed at no cost to the user — and is divided into sections for easy browsing. All pictures and comics appearing in the paper are also uploaded.

The Web site has informative sections about "The Herald" itself, including "About the Herald," an FAQ, and contact information. It also announces scheduled meetings and provides means for students to get involved, alumni to subscribe, and people or companies to place advertisements in the paper. Additionally, an archives section organizes and makes available each volume of the "The Herald" since March 12, 2004.

Over the winter break of December 2006/January 2007, "The Herald's" Web site was redesigned with ease of reading and a "clean" feel in mind. The home page now displays not only the leading stories but lists every article appearing in the day's volume. Also, much of the darker colors of the previous site have been replaced with white, once again emphasizing a cleaner feel. Additionally, a PDF document of the current print edition's front page is available for download at the bottom of the home page. The Web site is still supported by College Publisher. [http://www.browndailyherald.com Brown Daily Herald Online — Home] ]

Office

"The Herald's" office building is located at 195 Angell Street, between Thayer and Brook streets. The downstairs includes business offices, the newsroom, a conference room and the editorial office. The upstairs space includes a large staff lounge where "post-" magazine is produced.

The 9-Spot

Each Thursday night, "The Herald's" editorial board hosts a meeting at 9:00 p.m. for Herald section editors, senior staff writers and staff writers, at which staffers offer story ideas and talk about whatever is happening outside of the office. The editors spend much of their free time at the Herald office, so they rely on the staff members at the "9-spot" to contribute a number of story ideas.

Once the staff have contributed as many story ideas as they can, each person at the meeting is given a copy of one of the four newspapers that ran during the week. When someone comes across an article that can be spun in a humorous way, he or she informally shouts out a one-liner that usually pokes fun at the content of the article. These one-liners make up the diamonds and coal section that runs on the 10th page on Fridays.

Controversies

Accusations of Treason, Communism

In the early 1930s, "The Herald" began a pacifist movement called "War Against War." The paper launched an editorial campaign urging Brown students to sign petitions pledging "not to bear arms except when the country is invaded." The movement spread across the country and gained popularity in college papers large and small, which quickly endorsed "The Herald's" actions . When Rhode Island officials caught wind of the campaign, they immediately grew suspicious and appointed a committee "to investigate the University and to provide penalties for disloyalty to the United States."

The result was a resolution — passed unanimously by the Rhode Island General Assembly — accusing "The Herald" of treason and associating the paper with the Communist movement. Providence attorney William Needham, a Brown graduate himself of the class of 1915, called the War Against War campaign "a foreign movement of communistic tendencies."

Throughout the process, the Brown administration did not interfere in the legislative action, citing freedom of expression and freedom of the press.

In the end, the committee concluded that "The Herald" and its campaign were not serious enough threats to warrant suppression or any further action, as there was no connection between "The Herald" and disloyal organizations.

David Horowitz Advertisement

In 2001, "The Herald" ran an advertisement placed by conservative writer and activist David Horowitz, entitled "Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Blacks is a Bad Idea for Blacks - and Racist, Too!" The advertisement had circulated around many college newspapers, but most rejected it, including "The Harvard Crimson" and The "Columbia Daily Spectator". "The Herald's" editors at the time — Katherine Boas, Brooks King, Patrick Moos, and Jahred Adelman — decided that the if the ad was sent to them, they would run it.

The ad appeared in the March 13, 2001 edition of "The Herald", and was met with shock and criticism. Among its ten points, the ad stated that Americans should be the last to pay reparations because slavery had existed worldwide for centuries before white American Christians intervened. It also stated that African-Americans were the richest and most privileged black people alive.

On March 14, over 60 students came to the "Herald" office demanding to speak to the newspaper's leadership, and met face to face with the "Herald" editors. The following day, a coalition of student groups distributed a petition around campus that condemned the Herald's decision to print the ad and demanded that the paper give $725 — the amount they believed Horowitz had paid for the ad — to minority groups on campus. In addition, the petition called for "The Herald" to give the coalition a free full-page ad to "educate the greater Brown community on related issues."

The editors refused to give in, setting off a chain reaction of events that shook the University.

On the morning of March 15, coalition members took 4,000 copies of "The Herald" from 10 distribution points. In place of the newspapers, they left a flyer stating: "We are using this action as an opportunity to show our community at Brown that our newspaper is not accountable to its supposed constituents. It is a newspaper run by Brown-student opportunists and careerists who are completely unaccountable to the University's aims and its student body."

"The Herald" responded on March 16, a Saturday, by reprinting 1,000 copies of the stolen Friday paper. "Herald" staffers distributed them by hand to students in the lobby of the Sharpe Refectory (a.k.a. the "Ratty"), the largest dining hall on campus.

That same day, the University issued a statement supporting "The Herald": "Consistent with its commitment to the free exchange of ideas, the University recognizes and supports "The Herald's" right to publish any material it chooses, even if that material is objectionable to members of the campus community." Sheila Blumstein, then Interim President of the University, later told "The Herald" that she supported the free exchange of ideas and that "The Herald" had a right to print the ad. But she said "Herald" staff may not have handled the issue as diplomatically as they could have.

National newspapers caught wind of the controversy and covered the story. "The New York Times", [cite news
last = Schemo
first = Diana
coauthors =
title = Ad Intended to Stir Up Campuses More Than Succeeds in Its Mission
publisher = The New York Times
date = March 21, 2001
url = http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30D13FE34590C728EDDAA0894D9404482
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] "The Washington Post", [cite news
last = Ferdinand
first = Pamela
coauthors =
title = Free-Speech Debate Splits Liberal Brown
publisher = The Washington Post
date = March 21, 2001
url = http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/69877047.html?dids=69877047:69877047&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Mar+21%2C+2001&author=Pamela+Ferdinand&pub=The+Washington+Post&edition=&startpage=A.03&desc=Free-Speech+Debate+Splits+Liberal+Brown
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] and ABC News, [cite news
last =
first =
coauthors =
title = Campus Roiled Over Slave Reparations Ad
publisher = ABC News
date = March 19, 2001
url = http://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=93797&page=1
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] all ran stories about events on campus.

The furor surrounding the events later died down, with neither party reaching an agreement. "The Herald" still maintains that its actions were protected under freedom of the press.

A Slavery and Justice Committee was formed a few years after. Though Jim Campbell, chairman of the Committee, was one of "The Herald's" detractors, and the Committee considered reparations as part of its agenda, there is no official connection between the Committee and the events surrounding the advertisement. [cite news
last = Lesley
first = Kira
coauthors =
title = Paying for controversy
publisher = The Brown Daily Herald
date = May 31, 2004
url = http://media.www.browndailyherald.com/media/storage/paper472/news/2004/05/31/Commencement2004/Paying.For.Controversy-726510.shtml
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] [cite news
last = Lewis
first = Richard
coauthors =
title = Brown Protest Targets Ad
publisher = Associated Press
date =
url = http://www.brown.edu/Students/ACLU/IHorowitz.html
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] [cite news
last = Golodny
first = Andy
coauthors =
title = Amid ongoing protests, Brown U. backs off criticism of Herald theft
publisher = U-WIRE
date = March 21, 2001
url = http://www.uwire.com/content/topnews032101003.html
accessdate = 2007-02-15
] [cite news
last = Horowitz
first = David
coauthors =
title = My Visit to Brown
publisher = FrontPageMagazine.com
date = November 18, 2003
url = http://www.uwire.com/content/topnews032101003.html
accessdate = 2007-02-15
]

Notable "Herald" alumni

* Jacob Appel, bioethicist
* M. Charles Bakst, "The Providence Journal" Political Columnist
* John Ghazvinian, journalist and petroleum expert
* Amy Goldstein, "Washington Post" Staff Writer
* Richard Holbrooke, Former United States Ambassador to the United Nations
* Lee Hockstader, "Washington Post" Staff Writer
* Peter Kovacs, Managing Editor, New Orleans "Times-Picayune"
* Michael Oates Palmer, television writer
* Steve Rattner, Venture Capitalist and Quadrangle Group LLC Founder.
* James Risen, Author and "New York Times" Reporter
* Michael Silverstein, Author, Management Guru
* Lockhart Steele, Former Managing Editor, Gawker.com

References


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