Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz


Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz

Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz ("Alfonso Jaime Marcelino Manuel Victor Maria de Borbón y Dampierre", French citizen as "Alphonse de Bourbon") (April 20, 1936 – January 30, 1989) was a grandson of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and a legitimist claimant to the throne of France.

Alfonso was born in the Clinica Santa Anna in Rome, [Begoña Aranguren, "Emanuela de Dampierre, Memorias: Esposa y madre de los Borbones que pudieron reinar en España" (Madrid: Esfera, 2003), 111.] the elder son of Infante Jaime of Spain and of his wife, Emmanuelle de Dampierre. He was baptised at the home of his maternal grandmother, the Italian princess Donna Vittoria Ruspoli, of the princes of Poggio Suasa, the Palazzo Ruspoli, on the Via del Corso by Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII). [Aranguren, 112; Marc Dem, "Le duc d'Anjou m'a dit: La vie de l'aîné des Bourbons" (Paris: Perrin, 1989), 16.]

Since Alfonso's mother was not born a princess of royal descent, his grandfather Alfonso XIII did not consider young Alfonso in line to the Spanish throne in accordance with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1776. Alfonso's father Jaime disagreed, however, and maintained that his sons were Spanish dynasts with the style "His Royal Highness".Fact|date=September 2007 In Spain up until 1972 Alfonso was generally addressed as "Don Alfonso de Borbón y Dampierre". Elsewhere he was often addressed as a prince with the style "His Royal Highness".

From his birth Alfonso was considered a French prince with the style "His Royal Highness" by those legitimists who believed that Alfonso XIII was also the heir to the French throne. When his grandfather died February 28, 1941, Alfonso's father Jaime succeeded him in this French claim; Alfonso was thereupon recognised by the legitimists as Dauphin of France.

In 1941 Alfonso moved with his family to Lausanne in Switzerland. They lived first at the Hotel Royal, before Alfonso and his younger brother Gonzalo were sent to the Collège Saint-Jean in Fribourg. [Dem, 23.] On 8 December 1946 Alfonso made his first communion; on the same day he was confirmed by Cardinal Pedro Segura y Sáenz, Archbishop of Seville. [Dem, 24.]

On November 25, 1950, Alfonso received the title "duc de Bourbon" (Duke of Bourbon) from his father. ["État présent de la Maison de Bourbon", 3e éd. (Paris: Editions de Léopard d'or, 1985), 115.]

In the 1960s General Francisco Franco toyed with the idea of naming Alfonso as his successor as Head of State of Spain, before designating Juan Carlos as the future monarch in July 1969. In December 1969 Alfonso was appointed Ambassador of Spain to Sweden, a position he held until 1973.

On March 8, 1972, in the Palace of El Pardo in Madrid, Alfonso married Doña María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco, daughter of Don Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú, 10th Marquess of Villaverde, and of his wife, Doña Carmen Franco y Polo, 1st Duchess of Franco (only daughter of General Franco). The witnesses of the marriage were General Franco and Alfonso's mother. Alfonso and Carmen received a civil divorce 1982 and an annulment in 1986.

Alfonso and Carmen had two sons:
* Don "Francisco" Alfonso Jaime Cristobal Victor José Gonzalo Cecilio de Borbón y Martínez-Bordiú (November 22, 1972 - February 7, 1984).
* Don "Luis-Alfonso" Gonzalo Victor Manuel de Borbón y Martínez-Bordiú (born 1974).

On November 22, 1972, Alfonso received the Spanish title "duque de Cádiz" (Duke of Cadiz) from General Franco, and was recognised with the style "His Royal Highness". The title Duke of Cadiz was a title used by the Royal House of Spain and had formerly been held by Alfonso's great-great-grandfather the Infante Francisco de Asis.

On March 20, 1975, Alfonso's father Jaime died; he was immediately recognised by his supporters as King Alphonse III of France. On August 3, 1975, he took the courtesy title "duc d'Anjou" (Duke of Anjou). ["État présent de la Maison de Bourbon", 3e éd., 115.]

From 1977 to 1984 Alfonso was President of the Spanish Skiing Federation. From 1984 to 1987 he was President of the Spanish Olympic Committee. ["Alfonso de Borbón, 52, of Spain Dies in Colorado Skiing Accident", "The New York Times" (February 1 1989): A19.]

On February 7, 1984, Alfonso was driving home with his sons from a ski trip in the Pyrenees. His car collided with a truck. His eldest son Francisco was killed in the accident; his younger son Luis-Alfonso was in hospital for a month; Alfonso himself required six operations. [Marc Dem, "Le duc d'Anjou m'a dit: la vie de l'aîné des Bourbons" (Paris: Perrin, 1989), 139.] A judge ruled that Alfonso had been negligent and stripped him of the custody of Luis-Alfonso. ["Alfonso de Borbón, 52, of Spain Dies in Colorado Skiing Accident", "The New York Times" (February 1 1989): A19.]

In 1987 Prince Henri d'Orléans, eldest son of the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France, initiated a court action against Alfonso for his use of the title Duke of Anjou and the coat-of-arms France Moderne (three fleur-de-lis or); Henri asked the court to fine Alfonso 50 000 French francs for each future violation. In 1988 Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Prince Sixtus Henry of Bourbon-Parma joined Henri's lawsuit in reference to the use of the title Duke of Anjou, but not in respect to the coat-of-arms. On December 21, 1988, the Tribunal de grand instance of Paris ruled that the lawsuit was inadmissible because the title's legal existence could not be proven; that neither the plaintiff (Henri) nor the intervenors (Fernando and Sixtus) had established their claims to the title; and that Henri was not injured from the use of the plain arms of France by the Spanish branch of the Bourbon family. [François Velde, " [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/proces2.htm Lawsuit brought by the comte de Clermont against the duc d'Anjou (1987-89)] ".]

Alfonso died in a skiing accident in Beaver Creek, Colorado on January 30, 1989. ["Alfonso de Borbón, 52, of Spain Dies in Colorado Skiing Accident", "The New York Times" (February 1 1989): A19.] He collided with a cable which was being raised to support a banner at the finish line of a course at the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships.

In March 1989 Prince Henri d'Orléans and Prince Sixtus Henry of Bourbon-Parma appealed the judgement in the lawsuit about the use of a title and arms by Alfonso; the original judgement against them was upheld.

Ancestors

ahnentafel-compact5
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
2= 2. Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
3= 3. Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4= 4. Alfonso XIII of Spain
5= 5. Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
6= 6. Roger de Dampierre, 2nd Duke of San Lorenzo
7= 7. Vittoria Ruspoli
8= 8. Alfonso XII of Spain
9= 9. Maria Christina of Austria
10= 10. Prince Henry of Battenberg
11= 11. Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
12= 12. Richard de Dampierre, 1st Duke of San Lorenzo
13= 13. Jeanne Carraby
14= 14. Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio-Suasa
15= 15. Josephine Mary Curtis
16= 16. Francis of Spain
17= 17. Isabella II of Spain
18= 18. Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
19= 19. Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
20= 20. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
21= 21. Julia von Hauke
22= 22. Albert, Prince Consort
23= 23. Victoria of the United Kingdom
24= 24. Henri de Dampierre
25= 25. Élisabeth Corbin
26= 26. Pierre Etienne Carraby
27= 27. Marie Marguerite Ybry
28= 28. Bartolomeo Ruspoli
29= 29. Carolina Ratti
30= 30. Joseph David Curtis
31= 31. Elizabeth Shipton-Giles
ahnentafel bottom

Notes

Bibliography

Dem, Marc. "Le duc d'Anjou m'a dit: la vie de l'aîné des Bourbons". Paris: Perrin, 1989. ISBN 226200725X.

Silve de Ventavon, Jean. "La légitimité des lys et le duc d'Anjou". Paris: Editions F. Lanore, 1989. ISBN 2851570609.

Zavala, José M. "Dos infantes y un destino". Barcelona: Plaza & Janés, 1998. ISBN 8401550068.

-
-


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou — Louis Alphonse de Bourbon Duke of Anjou Pretender Born 25 April 1974 (1974 04 25) …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma — Ferdinand Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla Reign 18 July 1765–9 October 1802 Predecessor Philip …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Naples and Sicily — Maria Anna Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Clotilde of Naples and Sicily — Maria Clotide Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 18 February 1786(1786 02 18) Royal Palace, Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Henrietta of Naples and Sicily — Maria Henrietta Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 31 July 1787(1787 07 31) Royal Palace, Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Descendants of Alfonso XIII of Spain — The descendants of Alfonso XIII of Spain, Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of Spain, are numerous. With his wife, Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, he had a total of six legitimate children, with an additional child Ferdinand having been stillborn.… …   Wikipedia

  • Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia — Infante Jaime of Spain, Duke of Segovia ( Jaime Luitpold Isabelino Enrique Alberto Alfonso Victor Acacio Pedro Maria de Borbón y Battenberg ) (June 23, 1908 March 20, 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess… …   Wikipedia

  • Counts and dukes of Anjou — The title Count of Anjou was first granted in the 9th century to Ingelger, a viscount who held land around Orléans and Angers. His descendants, who included some kings of England, continued to hold these titles and property until the French… …   Wikipedia

  • Francis, Duke of Cádiz — Francis of Spain Duke of Cádiz King consort of Spain Tenure 10 October 1846 – 30 September 1868 …   Wikipedia

  • Descendants of Louis XIV of France — Louis XIV of France The descendants of Louis XIV of France, Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of France, are numerous. Although only three of his children by his wife Maria Theresa of Spain survived past infancy, Louis had many illegitimate children …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.