Tsyklon

infobox rocket
name = Tsyklon (Tsiklon)
function = Medium carrier rocket
manufacturer = Yuzhmash
country-origin = Soviet Union
height = 39.7 m
alt-height = 130.2 ft
diameter = 3 m
alt-diameter = 9.8 ft
mass = 182,000 kg
alt-mass = 401,000 lb
stages = 2
LEO-payload = 3,000 kg
alt-LEO = 6,600 lb
status = Retired
sites = Baikonur Cosmodrome, LC-90
launches = 8
success = 7
fail = 1
first=27 October 1967
last=25 January 1969
payloads = IS-A/IS-P
RORSAT
stagedata = Infobox rocket/Stage
type = stage
stageno = First
name = 8S671
engines = 1 RD-251
thrust = 2,640 kN
alt-thrust = 593,4090 lbf
SI = 301 sec
burntime = 120 seconds
fuel = N2O4/UDMH
Infobox rocket/Stage
type = stage
stageno = Second
name = 8S672
engines = 1 RD-252
thrust = 940 kN
alt-thrust = 211,410 lbf
SI = 317 sec
burntime = 160 seconds
fuel = N2O4/UDMH
The Tsyklon (Циклон, "Cyclone", also known as Tsiklon), GRAU index 11K67, was a Soviet/Ukrainian-designed expendable launch system, primarily used to put Cosmos satellites into low Earth orbit. It is based on the R-36 intercontinental ballistic missile designed by Mikhail Yangel and made eight launches, with seven successes, and one failure. All of its launches were conducted from LC-90 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. It is sometimes designated Tsyklon-2A, not to be confused with the later Tsyklon-2 rocket. It was introduced in 1967 and was derived from the R-36 ICBM (NATO designation of SS-9, Scarp). It was retired in 1969.

It made its maiden flight on 27 October 1967.

Tsyklon was designed by the Yuzhnoe Design Bureau and manufactured by Yuzhmash (both in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine). A derivative, the Tsyklon-3 is still in service as of February 2008.

Derivatives


Meteor-3 weather observation satellite (Plesetsk, Aug. 15, 1991)|left
Two rockets were derived from the Tsyklon: the Tsyklon-2 and Tsyklon-3, known respectively as the SL-11 and SL-14 by the US DoD. The two stage Tsyklon-2 was first launched August 6, 1969, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, while the Tsyklon-3, which features a restartable third stage, first launched on June 24, 1977 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

On December 27, 2000, A Tsyklon-3 failed in its attempt to carry six Russian satellites into orbit, plummeting to the earth. An electrical failure in the rocket's third stage was the suspected cause.

The Tsyklon-2 is convert|39.7|m|ft|wiki=on long with a fueled mass of 182 tonnes. The Tsyklon-3 is convert|39.27|m|ft|wiki=on long with a fueled mass of 186 to 190 tonnes.

External links

* [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/tsyklon.html Tsyklon at Russian Space Web]


Russian launch vehicles


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