- George W. Crawford
Infobox US Cabinet official
name=George Walker Crawford
Daguerreotypeof George Crawford by Matthew Brady
United States Secretary of War
March 8, 1849
July 22, 1850
William L. Marcy
Charles Magill Conrad
Columbia County, Georgia, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1872|7|27|1798|12|22
Augusta, Georgia, U.S.
spouse=Mary Ann McIntosh
George Walker Crawford (
December 22, 1798ndash July 27, 1872) was a Georgia politician during the nineteenth century. He served as the Governor of Georgiafrom 1843 to 1847 and United States Secretary of War1849 to 1850. He is the cousin of William H. Crawford
Crawford was born in
Columbia County, Georgia, the fourth son of Revolutionary Warveteran Peter Crawford and Mary Ann Crawford. He graduated from the College of New Jersey with a Bachelor of Artsin 1820. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1822, starting practice in Augusta, Georgiawith Henry Harford Cumming. He received a Master of Arts from the University of Georgiaand in 1826 married Mary Ann Macintosh, orphaned daughter of John and Mary (McKinne)Macintosh. There were four children: William Peter Crawford; Sarah Macintosh Crawford who became the wife of Samuel Warren Mays; Anna Elizabeth Crawford; and Charles A. Crawford.
Attorney General of Georgia
Georgia Governor John Forsyth appointed Crawford
attorney generalof Georgia in 1827. The next year, Crawford challenged congressman Thomas E. Burnsideto a duelover a series of accusations that Burnside published about Crawford's father. He shot Burnside dead, thus winning the fight. It did not affect his career and he continued to serve as attorney general until 1831.
In 1837, Crawford was elected to the
Georgia General Assemblyas a member of the Georgia House of Representatives. There, Crawford distinguished himself as a fiscal conservative. He was elevated to the United States House of Representativesas a Whig to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Richard W. Habersham. His term there was short, only serving from January 7to March 3, 1843.
Governor of Georgia
He was elected
Governor of Georgia, defeating Mark Anthony Cooper, becoming the only Whig to served a Georgia state governor. As governor, he helped expand the Western and Atlantic Railroad, redraw congressional maps and establish the Supreme Court of Georgia. He also focused on dismantling the Georgia Central Bank and reformed the state penitentiary to make it a more economically sound institution. In 1845, he won a second term.
ecretary of War
General Zachary Taylorbecame President of the United Statesin 1849, he appointed Crawford Secretary of War. As War Secretary, he was involved in settling a claim from the United States governmentfor the Galphin family, descendants of Native American trader George Galphin. He received a large share of the settlement for his services. He resigned with the rest of the Taylor administration in 1850 when Millard Fillmorebecame president after Taylor's sudden death in office.
Georgia Secession Convention and death
In 1861, Crawford was elected to represent
Richmond County, Georgiain the Georgia State Secession Convention. Delegates selected Crawford as chairman for the proceedings and he oversaw the vote of secession. He died at his estate, located in the village of "Bel Air," near Augusta, Georgiaon July 27, 1872. He was buried in the Summerville Cemeterylocated in Augusta.
* [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.com/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3244 George W. Crawford at The New Georgia Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10522 George W. Crawford] at
Find A Grave
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