- León G. Guinto, Sr.
Leon G. Guinto, Sr. (born
28 June 1896– died in 1962) distinguished himself as public servantin the Philippinesfrom the Commonwealth period up to the post-war era, best remembered as the war-time Mayor of the City of Manilain the Philippines.
Guinto was born to Juan P. Guinto and Pia Gawaran in the village of San Nicolas in
Bacoor, Caviteprovince. He completed his early education from his home town and earned his college degree from the Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He first got work at the Weather Bureau, married Marta Montes of the town of Atimonan, then Province of Tayabas (now Quezon Province). The union produced three sons and two daughters.
By 1916, Guinto left his job at the Weather Bureau to pursue law studies at the old
Escuela de Derechoand by 1920, after completing his law studies and qualifying as a bona fide lawyer, Guinto was employed as private secretary to the then Philippine SenatePresident, Manuel L. Quezon.
Pre-World War II
Guinto, after serving briefly as private secretary to Senate President Manuel Quezon, he launched his political career in 1922 by running as member of the
Provincial Boardof the then Tayabas Province, home province of his wife Marta Montes.
By 1925, he pursued the position of representative of the 2nd district of Tayabas under the Lower House of the
Philippine Legislature. For six years until, 1931, and Guinto distinguished himself as a good legislator of the time.
He was elected governor of Tayabas province in 1931 but his term was cut short when he was appointed as Commissioner of Public Safety by then
American Governor-General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.In the later part of 1933, Governor-General Frank Murphynamed undersecretary of the Interior Department. By 1934, the Departments of Interior and Labor were merged and Guinto continued to serve as undersecretary.
In 1940, Guinto was appointed Secretary of Labor in the Commonwealth government of President Manuel L. Quezon.
Manila's War-Time Mayor
By 1942, Guinto was appointed by
Jorge B. Vargas, (Chairman of the Japanese created government structure called the Philippine Executive Commission) to assume the position mayor of Greater Manila, and look after the city's administration during the Japanese occupation during the Second World War.
Guinto's close relations with the labor sector proved useful to his administration of Greater Manila, of which a number of
labor leadersserved as heads of the city government departments.
In 1945, Leon Guinto, Sr. was indicted as a war criminal for collaborating with the Japanese forces. A blanket amnesty was issued before the granting of
Philippine Independenceon July 4, 1946, sparing the former Manila mayor of a war crimes trial.
Post World War II
Guinto went into the private sector, taught in the academe and even served as Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences of the
Lyceum of the Philippines University.
In 1955, Guinto returned home to Quezon Province and was elected governor, only to lose re-election in 1959.
Leon G. Guinto, Jr. died in 1962 at the age of 76.
*"By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II,
3 February- 3 March 1945" by Alphonso J. Aluit (1994) Bookmark, Inc. © 1994 National Commission for Culture and the Arts ISBN 978-971-569-162-8
* [http://www.manila.gov.ph The City of Manila]
Jorge B. Vargas
title= Mayor of the City of Manila
years= 1942 – 1945
Juan L. Nolasco
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