Wings (film)


Wings (film)

Infobox Film
name = Wings


image_size = 224px
caption = early film poster
director = William A. Wellman
producer = Lucien Hubbard
writer = Story:
John Monk Saunders
Screenplay:
Hope Loring
Louis D. Lighton
Titles:
Julian Johnson
starring = Clara Bow
Charles 'Buddy' Rogers
Richard Arlen
Gary Cooper
music = Uncredited:
J.S. Zamecnik
cinematography = Harry Perry
editing = E. Lloyd Sheldon
Uncredited:
Lucien Hubard
distributor = Paramount Pictures
released = 12 August fy|1927
runtime = 141 minutes
country = FilmUS
language = Silent film
English intertitles
budget = US$2,000,000 "(est.)"
gross =
imdb_id = 0018578

"Wings" (fy|1927) is a silent movie about World War I fighter pilots, directed by William A. Wellman and released by Paramount Pictures. It was the first film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture -- and the only silent film ever to win Best Picture -- and stars Clara Bow, Charles 'Buddy' Rogers and Richard Arlen, with Gary Cooper in a scene which helped launch his star in Hollywood, and also marked the beginning of his affair with Clara Bow. [TCM [http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title.jsp?stid=504086&category=Notes Notes] ]

Plot

Jack Powell (Charles "Buddy" Rogers) and David Armstrong (Richard Arlen) are rivals in the same small American town, both vying for the attentions of pretty Sylvia Lewis (Jobyna Ralston). Jack fails to realize that "the girl next door", Mary Preston (Clara Bow), is secretly in love with him. The two young men both enlist to become combat pilots. When they leave for training camp, Jack mistakenly believes Sylvia prefers him; she is too kindhearted to disillusion him, but lets David know that she loves him.

Jack and David are billeted together. Their tentmate is Cadet White (Gary Cooper), but their acquaintance is all too brief; White is killed in an air crash the same day. Undaunted, the two men endure a rigorous training period, where they go from being enemies to best friends. Upon graduating, they are shipped off to France to fight the Germans.

Mary joins the war effort by becoming an ambulance driver. When she is in Paris, she learns that Jack is on leave there. She finds him, but he is too drunk to recognize her. She puts him to bed, but when two soldiers barge in while she is innocently changing out of a borrowed dress back into her uniform in the same room, she is forced to resign and return to America.

The climax of the story comes with the epic Battle of Saint-Mihiel. David is shot down and presumed dead. However, he survives the crash landing, steals a German biplane, and heads for the Allied lines. By a tragic stroke of bad luck, he is spotted by Jack, who is bent on avenging his friend. Jack shoots David down. When Jack lands to pick up a souvenir, he becomes distraught when he learns what he has done, but before David dies, he forgives his comrade.

With the end of the war, Jack returns home to a hero's welcome. When he returns David's effects to his grieving parents, David's mother blames the war, not Jack, for her son's death. Then, Jack is reunited with Mary and realizes he loves her.

Cast

*Clara Bow as Mary Preston
*Charles 'Buddy' Rogers as Jack Powell
*Richard Arlen as David Armstrong. Arlen met co-star Ralston on the set and married her in 1927.
*Jobyna Ralston as Sylvia Lewis
*El Brendel as Herman Schwimpf, a cadet who washes out and becomes an air force mechanic
*Richard Tucker as Air commander
*Gary Cooper as Cadet White
*Gunboat Smith as Sergeant
*Henry B. Walthall as David's father
*Roscoe Karns as Lieutenant Cameron
*Julia Swayne Gordon as David's mother
*Arlette Marchal as Celeste

Production

The film, completed with a then unheard-of budget of $2 million, was the first film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture (then called "Best Picture, Production") for the film year 1927/28 (and was the only silent film to win), and won a second Academy Award for Engineering Effects. The film was written by John Monk Saunders (story), Louis D. Lighton and Hope Loring, and was directed by William A. Wellman, with an original orchestral score by John Stepan Zamecnik (J S Zamecnik), which was uncredited.

It is one of the first films to feature a male-on-male kiss – a fraternal one – in the death scene near the end. It is also one of the first widely released films to show nudity. Clara Bow's breasts can be seen for a quick second during the Paris bedroom scene when army men barge in as she is changing her clothes.

Richard Arlen and William A. Wellman had served in World War I as military aviators.

The original Paramount release was color tinted and had some sequences in an early widescreen process known as Magnascope. Some prints had synchronized sound effects and music, using the General Electric Kinegraphone (later RCA Photophone) sound-on-film process. [ [http://www.silentera.com/PSFL/data/W/Wings1927.html Silent Era : PSFL : Wings (1927) ] ]

Reception

"Wings" was an immediate success, premiering on 12 August 1927 at the Critereo Theatre in New York and playing 63 weeks before being moved to second-run theaters. One of the reasons for its resounding popularity was the public infatuation with aviation in the wake of Charles Lindbergh's transatlantic flight. [ Farmer 2006, p. 14.]

Academy Awards

* Best Effects, Engineering Effects - Roy Pomeroy
* Best Picture - Production

Legacy

For many years, "Wings" was considered a "lost" film until a surviving print was found in the Cinémathèque Française film archive and quickly copied to safety film stock. [ [http://www.silentera.com/PSFL/data/W/Wings1927.html Silent Era : PSFL : Wings (1927) ] ] It was again shown in theaters, including some with Wurlitzer pipe organs. ["San Francisco Chronicle" "Datebook" magazine] The print used by American Movie Classics in the 1990s had a recorded Wurlitzer pipe organ accompaniment. [American Movies Classics] The film has also been shown on Turner Classic Movies. [Turner Classic Movies]

In 1997, "Wings" was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

In 2006, director William A. Wellman's son, William Wellman Jr., authored a book about the film and his father's participation in the making of it, titled "The Man and His Wings: William A. Wellman and the Making of the First Best Picture."

DVD

Along with "Cavalcade", "Wings" is one of only two Best Picture winners that is not available on DVD in Region 1.

References

Notes

Bibliography

* Dolan Edward F. Jr. "Hollywood Goes to War". London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7.
* Farmer, Jim. "The Making of Flyboys." "Air Classics", Vol. 42, No. 11, November 2006.
* Hardwick, Jack and Schnepf, Ed. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". "The Making of the Great Aviation Films", General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
* Oriss, Bruce. "When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War II". Hawthorne, California: Aero Associates Inc., 1984. ISBN 0-9613088-0-X.
* Silke, James R. "Fists, Dames & Wings." "Air Progress Aviation Review", Volume 4, No. 4, October 1980.
* Wellman, William Jr. "The Man And His Wings: William A. Wellman and the Making of the First Best Picture". Westport CT: Praeger Publishers, 2006 ISBN 0-275-98541-5.

External links

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