official_name = Gweru
motto = Progress
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Gweru City Center, the administrative buildings in the foreground.
shield_size = 50px
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_label_position = none
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Midlands
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1894
population_note = estimated
population_total = 300,000
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +1
latd=19 |latm=25 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=29 |longm=50 |longs= |longEW=E
Gweru (formerly Gwelo) is a city near the centre of
Zimbabweat coord|19|25|S|29|50|E|. It has a population of about 137,000 (2002), making it the third largest city in the nation. Gweru is the capital of Midlands province. Gweru was founded in 1894 by Dr. Leander Starr Jameson. It became a municipality in 1914 and achieved city status in 1971. The name changed from Gwelo to Gweru in 1982.
It is also home to Thornhill Air Base, an airforce garrison, the
Zimbabwe Military Museumand the Antelope Game Park. The Nalataleand Danangombearchaeological enclosures lie nearby, the first known for its patterned brickwork, the second for its Portuguese remains.
In 1928 Gweru resident and pioneer widow Mrs Jean Boggie erected a memorial
clock towerin memory of her late husband. The Boggie Clock Towerhas become a landmark in Gweru.
Zimbabwe Alloys, a chrome smelting plant, and Bata Shoe Company (established in 1939). Both are leading employers in Gweru. Gweru is situated in one of Zimbabwe's finest cattle rearing areas and surrounding agricultural activity revolves around the cattleindustry (both beef and dairy). Bata have their own tanningplant for cattle hides and the Cold Storage Commission CSC have an abattoirin Gweru. Flowers are also grown in the area for the export market and Zimbabwe's largest distiller, Afdis, have extensive vineyards in Gweru for the production of wine. Miningis also prevalent, mainly chromiteore from rich deposits along the Great Dyketo the East of Gweru.
National Railways of Zimbabwehave the country's largest marshalling yard, Dabuka, on the South side of Gweru. Dabuka plays a pivotal role in rail movement in the country as it is the central hub of the rail links to Mozambique in the East, South Africa in the South and Botswana and Namibia in the South West, lying on the Bulawayo - Harare Line.
As a central city (hub), it has direct links to all the other cities and the towns of Zimbabwe.
Roads linking Gweru
Road names used are by destination only, for example the Harare - Gweru Road. There are only mainroads, no highways or freeways. [The Automobile Association of Zimbabwe]
Like other urban areas of
Zimbabwe, the majority supports the MDC.
Gweru shares an international relationship with the town of
Basildon, ( Essex, United Kingdom). [ [http://www.international.lga.gov.uk/international/Establishing_a_partnership/twinning_db.html Local Government International Bureau (LGIB) Database of "Twinning Towns"] ]
The urban population of Gweru is thought to be around 300,000 people, but could well be more than that as most urban Zimbabweans maintain a rural home as well. Because it falls between the Shona and Ndebele regions a sizeable percentage can speak both of the major local languages although Shona is spoken by the majority with approximately 30% speaking Ndebele.
Like all other cities in Zimbabwe, Gweru is divided into high, medium and low density residential areas. During the colonial era cities were also segregated according to race with the Black Africans living only in the high density areas. Coloureds (those of mixed heritage) lived in separate medium density area while the Whites (Europeans) occupied most of the medium and all of the low density areas. Although now racially integrated the dermacation between low, medium and high density still remain.
The biggest original "black" suburb in Gweru is
Mkobaand is divided into sections. Mkoba started as a village so it still maintains village 1, village 2 up to village 20. It is the only suburban area in Zimbabweto have the village suffix. Mtapa, Senga,Nehosho, Mambo are some of the high density suburbs around Gweru. Southdowns, Northlea, Lundi Park, Riverside etc are among the "middle class" residential areas of Gweru.
Harben park, St Annes drive, Kopje, Brackenhurst, Windsor Park are some of the "elite" residential areas of Gweru.
The primary and secondary system of education has not changed much in structure for several decades. Schools in Gweru subscribe to the same British system of education as the rest of the nation. Students spend seven years in
primary educationand four (Ordinary Level) or six (Advanced Level) years in secondary depending on the level of education they choose to reach. Until the 1990s 'O' and 'A' level exams were administered by two major British examination bodies, i.e. Associated Examination Body(AEB) and Cambridge University. These are now being examined locally by the Zimbabwe Education Board.
Prior to 1980 schools were divided into two groups. Group A schools are the former all-white or mixed race schools and Group B schools are the former black schools. The difference lay mainly in the
curriculumand facilities available. Group A schools generally had more facilities, particularly in the non-core teaching areas such as art, music and sport. Of particular emphasis is the sporting area in which former Group B schools taught mainly athletics, football and netball whilst the Group A schools had a wider range of sporting activities including athletics, tennis, swimming, diving, gymnastics, hockey, rugby, cricket, netball, basketball and cross-country. There has not been much change in this provision since independence.
Mimosa Nursey School
Dominican Nursery School
Gweru Nursery School
;Primary SchoolsGroup A
Cecil John Rhodes School
Lundi Park School
Midlands Christian School(Private)
Anderson Adventist(Private)Group B
Bata School(Financed and Maintained by the Bata Shoe Company)
St Pauls School(Catholic)
St. Micheals Primary School(Catholic)
Senga Primary School
Matongo Primary School]
Mpumelelo Primary School
Takunda Primary School
Mkoba 4 Primary School
Takwirira Primary school
;Secondary SchoolsGroup A
Chaplin High School(former school of Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Douglas Smith)
*Thornhill High School
Midlands Christian College(private)
Anderson Adventist High School(private)
Nashville Secondary School
Guinea Fowl High SchoolGroup B
Mkoba 3 High School
Ascot Secondary School
Matinunura Secondary school
Senga Secondary School
Mkoba 1 Secondary School
Mambo Secondary School
Fletcher High School(this school produced some of the country's top professionals)* Tertiary Schools
Gweru Polytechnic College
Mkoba Teachers College
Midlands State University
* Loreto Secondary School (Catholic)
* Lower Gwelo High School (Seventh Day Adventist)
* St Patricks High School (Anglican)
* Regina Mundi High School (Catholic)
;Commercial CollegesCommercial education was not easily available to the majority of Gweru residents especially before independence. There was a surge of new colleges after 1980 when Zimbabwe gained independence and also when commercial courses became a popular requirement in industry.
Midlands College of Commerce- The first black commercial college was founded in the early 1970s by Wilbert H. Shumba. It provided courses in most commercial and practical subjects popular during that era for example, typing, bookkeeping, dress-making and shorthand. These were examined by the UK-based Pitman examination institute. This college stopped operating in the mid-1990s following the death of W.H Shumba in 1994.
After 1980 other colleges were soon established:
Commercial Studies Centre
TopFlight Secretarial College
;Correspondence / Distance Education Colleges
Zimbabwe Distance Education College(Zdeco). Founded by Dr Skhanyiso Ndlovuwho is now the Minister of Information for Zimbabwe. ZDECO was formed soon after independence and is now one of the country's largest adult education colleges. This college runs commercial and academic programmes including ZJC(Zimbabwe Junior Certificate), 'O' and 'A' levels and degree programmes
Central Africa Correspondence Collegeestablished in 1954
Rapid Results Collegeestablished in 1962
International Correspondence Schools
Zimbabwe Open University(ZOU)
*Midlands Christian Training Centre - provided Teacher Training, and is also an examination centre for UNISA exams. This training centre is closely linked to Midlands Christian School and College.
Midlands Hotelwas opened in 1927 by the Meiklesbrothers. It was about to demolished but after much protest, it was spared. Chitukuko hotel (formerly known as the Cecil Hotel) is another local hotel located in the city centre area. Both hotels are now owned by Patrick Kombayi, a prominent Gweru business, ex-mayor, and politician known for his highly publicised criticism of the current government. Fairmile Motelis just a mile from the city centre on Bulawayoroad.
2. Munyaradzi B. Munochiveyi, "An Economic History of Industrialization in Zimbabwe: The Case of Gwelo Town, 1890-1979", B.A. (Honours) Thesis, University of Zimbabwe, 2001.
* [http://www.ucaz.org.zw/Gweru.htm Gweru city web site]
* [http://www.msu.ac.zw/ Midlands State University web site]
* [http://www.afribilia.com/gweru.html Street map of colonial-era Gweru]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Gweru — (anc. Gwelo) v. du centre du Zimbabwe, sur le cours sup. du Gwelo; 100 000 hab.; cap. de la prov. des Midlands. Centre minier et métallurgique. Aéroport … Encyclopédie Universelle
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Gweru — Original name in latin Gweru Name in other language GWE, Gveru, Gwelo, Gweru, Гверу State code ZW Continent/City Africa/Harare longitude 19.45 latitude 29.81667 altitude 1412 Population 146073 Date 2009 06 30 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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Gweru Polytechnic Institute — Gweru Polytechnic College is a technical college located in the Midlands College, Zimbabwe, and it provides training facilities for over 60 courses in five divisions. The college is located approximately 1.5 km north of Gweru city centre. Its… … Wikipedia