Extremes on Earth
This article describes extreme locations on
Earth. Entries listed in bold are Earth-wide extremes.
Extreme elevations and temperatures per continent
Continent Elevation(height above sea level) Temperature(recorded) Highest Lowest Highest Lowest Africa America, North −66 °C (−87 °F) Northice, Greenland 9 January 1954 America, South Antarctica "' Asia [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT004630 Average conditions for Verkhoyansk from the BBC] ] −71.2 °C (−96.2 °F) Extrapolated Oymyakon, Siberia, Russia(then in the Soviet Union) 26 January 1926[ [http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/05/0512_040512_tvoymyakon.html Life Is a Chilling Challenge in Subzero Siberia from the National Geographic] ] Australia Europe Oceania [A] : Height above sea level is the usual choice of definition for elevation. In terms of the point farthest away from the centre of the Earth, Chimborazoin Ecuador(6,267 m) can be considered the planet's most extreme high point. This is due to the Earth's oblate spheroidshape, with points near the Equator being farther out from the centre than those at the poles.
[B] : This is the highest recorded air temperature. Higher surface temperatures have been measured, for example, 70.7 °C (159.3 °F) in 2005 in the Lut desert,
Iran. [ [http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/1102/p16s01-sten.html Satellites seek global hot spots | csmonitor.com ] ] [ [http://discovermagazine.com/2007/jun/hustle-flow The Ceaseless Buzzing of Kinetic Energy] , Daniel Engber, May 30, 2007, "Discover", on line; accessed May 9, 2008.] [ [http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=17470 New Images - The Hottest Spot on Earth] , news, Earth Observatory, NASA. Accessed on line May 9, 2008.]
[C] : A temperature of 53.1 °C (128.0 °F) was recorded in
Cloncurry, Queenslandon 16 January, 1889under non-standard exposure conditions and is therefore not considered official. [http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2003/s1015670.htm Transcript of report on the highest temperature]
[D] : Temperatures of 50+ °C in Spain and Portugal were recorded in 1881, but the standard with which they were measured and the accuracy of the thermometers used are unknown; therefore, they are not considered official. Unconfirmed reports also indicate that a set of Spanish stations may have hit 48.0°C during the 2003 heat wave. [ [http://wmo.asu.edu/europe-highest-temperature Europe: Highest Temperature] WM0]
Greatest vertical drop
Greatest purely vertical drop Greatest nearly vertical drop (summit elevation 6,286 metres/20,608 feet)
List of mountainsand Seven Summits."
Deepest mine 3,581 metres (11,748 feet) East Rand Mine, South Africa Deepest cave 2,140 metres (7,021 feet) Voronya Cave, Arabika Massif, Abkhazia, Georgia. Deepest pitch (single vertical drop) 603 metres (1,978 feet) Vrtoglavica Cave, Slovenia
List of caves."
Greatest oceanic depths
Atlantic Ocean 8,648 metres (28,374 feet) Milwaukee Deep, Puerto Rico Trench Arctic Ocean 5,450 metres (17,881 feet) Litke Deep, Eurasia Basin Indian Ocean 8,047 metres (26,401 feet) Diamantina Deep, Diamantina Trench, South East Indian Basin Mediterranean Sea 5,267 metres (17,280 feet) Calypso Deep, Ionian Basin, 45 miles SW of Pylos, Greece Pacific Ocean 10,923 metres (35,838 feet) Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench Southern Ocean 7,235 metres (23,690 feet) South Sandwich Trench(southernmost portion, at 60°S)
Ice sheets on land, but having the base below sea level. Places under ice are not considered to be on land.
Coldest and hottest inhabited places on Earth
Hottest inhabited place Fitzroy Crossing, Western Australiaand Wyndham, Western Australiawhose average maximum temperatures are 35.6 °C (96 °F) Coldest inhabited place Oymyakon(Russian: Оймяко́н), a village (selo) in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River. [p. 57, "Extreme Weather: A Guide & Record Book", Christopher C. Burt and Mark Stroud, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007, ISBN 039333015X.]
Northern and southernmost points of land on Earth
Northernmost point on Earth Kaffeklubben Island, east of Greenland(coord|83|40|N|29|50|W)
gravel bars lie further north, the most famous being Oodaaq Southernmost point on Earth The geographic South Pole
Canada Weather Extremes
Extreme points of the World
List of extrasolar planet extremes
List of statistically superlative countries
List of weather records
The World's most northern
The World's most southern
* [http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/globalextremes.html United States National Climatic Data Center]
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