Giulio Romano (c. 1499 –
November 1, 1546) was an Italian painter and architect. A prominent pupil of Raphael, his stylistic deviations from high Renaissanceclassicism help define the 16th-century style known as Mannerism. Giulio's drawings have long been treasured by collectors; contemporary prints of them engraved by Marcantonio Raimondiwere a significant contribution to the spread of 16th-century Italian style throughout Europe.
Giulio Romano was born in
Rome. In his native city, as a young assistant in Raphael's studio, he worked on the frescos in the Vatican loggias to designs by Raphael and in Raphael's "Stanze" in the Vatican painted a group of figures in the "Fire in the Borgo" ("L'incendio di Borgo") fresco. He also collaborated on the decoration of the ceiling of the Villa Farnesina. After the death of Raphael in 1520, he helped complete the Vatican frescoes of the life of Constantine as well as Raphael's "Coronation of the Virgin" and the "Transfiguration" in the Vatican. In Rome, Giulio decorated the Villa Madamafor Cardinal Giuliano de' Medici, afterwards Clement VII. The crowded Giulio Romano frescoes lack the stately and serene simplicity of his master.
After the Sack of Rome in 1527 and the death of
Leo X, artistic patronage in Rome slackened. Vasaritells how Baldassare Castiglionewas delegated by Federico Gonzaga to procure Giulio to execute paintings and architectural and engineering projects for the duchy of Mantua. His masterpiece of architecture and fresco painting in that city is the suburban Palazzo Te, with its famous illusionistic frescos (c. 1525–1535). He also helped rebuild the ducal palace in Mantua, reconstructed the cathedral, and designed the nearby Church of San Benedetto. Sections of Mantua that had been flood-prone were refurbished under Giulio's direction, and the duke's patronage and friendship never faltered: Giulio's annual income amounted to more than 1000 ducats. His studio became a popular school of art.
Renaissancetradition, many works of Giulio's were only temporary:
"When Charles V came to Mantua, Giulio, by the duke's order, made many fine arches, scenes for comedies and other things, in which he had no peer, no one being like him for masquerades, and making curious costumes for jousts, feasts, tournaments, which excited great wonder in the emperor and in all present. For the city of Mantua at various times he designed temples, chapels, houses, gardens, facades, and was so fond of decorating them that, by his industry, he rendered dry, healthy and pleasant places previously miry, full of stagnant water,and almost uninhabitable." :– Vasari, "
He traveled to
Francein the first half of the 16th century and brought concepts of the Italian style to the French court of Francis I.
Giulio also designed tapestries and the erotic album "
I Modi" which was expertly engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi, a project that landed Raimondi in jail in Rome.
In 1546, just as he was appointed architect to St. Peter's, Giulio Romano died.
Giulio Romano has the distinction of being the only Renaissance artist to be mentioned by
William Shakespeare. In Act V, Scene II of " The Winter's Tale" Queen Hermione's statue is by "that rare Italian master, Julio Romano", although Giulio was not a sculptor.
elected paintings and drawings
*"The Stoning of St. Stephen" (Santo Stefano, Genoa): "Giulio never did a finer work than this," said Vasari. Domenico del Barbiere engraved the subject, so that it influenced designers who never saw the original in Genoa.
*"Adoration of the Magi" (Louvre).
*"Fire in the Borgo", fresco (
Raphael Roomsin Vatican City).
*"Emblematic Figures", pen and brown ink and wash over graphite (Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco).
The Battle of the Milvian Bridge (Giulio Romano)"
*Vita [http://www.artist-biography.info/artist/giulio_romano/] by
Giorgio Vasari, who describes his meeting with Giulio::" At this time Giorgio Vasari a great friend of Giulio, though they only knew each other by report and by letters, passed through Mantua on his way to Venice to see him and his works. On meeting, they recognised each other as though they had met a thousand times before. Giulio was so delighted that he spent four days in showing Vasari all his works, especially the plans of ancient buildings at Rome, Naples, Pozzuolo, Campagna, and all the other principal antiquities designed partly by him and partly by others. Then, opening a great cupboard, he showed him plans of all the buildings erected from his designs in Mantua, Rome and all Lombardy, so beautiful that I do not believe that more original, fanciful or convenient buildings exist."
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Giulio Romano — Giulio Romano, grabado a partir de un autorretrato … Wikipedia Español
Giulio Romano — • A famous architect and painter, the best known of Raphael s pupils, and the unique representative of the so called Roman School ; b. at Rome in 1492; d. at Mantua in 1546 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Giulio Romano … Catholic encyclopedia
Giulĭo Romāno — (spr. dschu ), eigentlich Giulio Pippi, ital. Maler und Architekt, geb. 1492 in Rom, gest. 1. Nov. 1546 in Mantua, war der hervorragendste von Raffaels Schülern, dem jedoch die Grazie und Keuschheit seines Lehrers fehlte. Er war derber angelegt… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Giulio Romano — Giulio Romano, mit seinem Familiennamen eigentlich Giulio Pippi, ein berühmter Maler und Architekt, wurde 1492 in Rom geboren. Er war des großen Rafael liebster und begabtester Schüler; erst nach dessen Tode folgte er seiner Neigung zum… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Giulio Romano — [ dʒuːli̯o ], Giulio Pịppi, eigentlich Giulio di Pietro Gianụzzi, italienischer Maler und Baumeister, * Rom 1499, ✝ Mantua 1. 11. 1546; bevorzugter Schüler und enger Mitarbeiter Raffaels (Loggien des Vatikans, Villa Farnesina). Nach Raffaels… … Universal-Lexikon
Giulio Romāno — (spr. Dschulio, Jul. Romanus), eigentlich G. Pippi, geb. 1492 in Rom; Maler u. Baumeister, Lieblingsschüler Rafaels, Vollender vieler von diesem unbeendet gelassener Werke, ging nach Rafaels Tode zu Herzog Friedrich II. Gonzaga nach Mantua, wo er … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Giulio Romano — Giulĭo Romāno (spr. dschu ), eigentlich Giulio Pippi, ital. Maler und Architekt, talentvollster Schüler Raffaels, geb. 1492 in Rom, gest. 1. Nov. 1546 in Mantua; mittätig an den Raffaelschen Fresken im Vatikan und in der Farnesina; seit 1524 in… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
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Giulio Romano — (izg. đúlio romȃno) (1492/99 1546) DEFINICIJA talijanski kasnorenesansni, maniristički slikar i arhitekt, Rafaelov učenik i suradnik … Hrvatski jezični portal
Giulio Romano — Medaillon von Giulio Romano an der Kunsthalle Hamburg … Deutsch Wikipedia