Carp

Taxobox
name = Carp



image_width = 200px
image_caption = Common carp, "Cyprinus carpio"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Osteichthyes
ordo = Cypriniformes
familia = Cyprinidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Abramis"
"Aristichthys"
"Barbodes"
"Carassius"
"Cirrhinus"
"Ctenopharyngodon"
"Cyprinus"
"Epalzeorhynchos"
"Henicorhynchus"
"Hypophthalmichthys"
"Labeo"
"Mylopharyngodon"
and others

Carp is a common name for various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish originally from Eurasia and southeast Asia. Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp and the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp family. In colloquial use, however, carp usually refers only to several larger cyprinid species such as "Cyprinus carpio" (common carp), "Carassius carassius" (Crucian carp), "Ctenopharyngodon idella" (grass carp), "Hypophthalmichthys molitrix" (silver carp), and "Hypophthalmichthys nobilis" (bighead carp). Carp have long been an important food fish to humans, as well as popular ornamental fishes (see koi and goldfish). As a result, carp have been introduced to various locations, though with mixed results.

Ornamental carp

Carp, along with many of their cyprinid relatives, are popular ornamental aquarium and pond fish. The two most notable ornamental carps are goldfish and koi. Goldfish ("Carassius auratus") were kept as ornamental fish in China for hundreds of years before being introduced to Japan in the 15th century, and to Europe in the late 17th century. The koi, a domesticated variety of common carp ("Cyprinus carpio"), also originated from China and spread widely in Japan. The koi are historically a prevalent symbol in Japanese culture of good luck. They are shown in competitive fish shows like those at the All-Japan exhibition. They are also popular in other parts of the world as pond fish. Goldfish and koi have advantages over most ornamental fishes, as they are tolerant of cold (they can survive in water temperatures as low as 4 degrees Celsius), and can survive at low oxygen levels.

As a Sport Fish

Carp are similarly variable in terms of angling value. In Europe, even when not fished for food, they are eagerly sought out by anglers, being considered highly prized coarse fish that are difficult to hook.A. F. Magri MacMahon (1946). "Fishlore", pp 149-152. Pelican Books.] In the United States, the carp is also classified as a rough fish as well as damaging naturalized exotic species but with sporting qualities. Many states' departments of natural resources are beginning to view the carp as an angling opportunity instead of a maligned pest. Groups such as the [http://www.carpanglersgroup.com Carp Anglers Group] and [http://www.americancarpsociety.com American Carp Society] have continued to promote the sport and are working hand in hand with fisheries departments to organize events to introduce and expose others to the unique opportunity the carp offers freshwater anglers. The American Carp Society held a tournament in March of 2006 in Austin Texas that paid out $275,000 to the winners.Popular baits include canned corn and homemade doughballfishes live in ecosystems concoctions known as "boilies" in England.

Sir Isaac Walton said this about carp in his work [http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/w/walton/izaak/w23c/chap11.html The Compleat Angler] "The Carp is the queen of rivers; a stately, a good, and a very subtil fish; that was not at first bred, nor hath been long in England, but is now naturalised."

However, in some countries, due to their habit of grubbing through bottom sediments for food and alteration of their environment, they destroy, uproot and disturb submerged vegetation causing serious damage to native duck and fish populations. In Australia there is enormous anecdotal and mounting scientific evidence that introduced carp are the cause of permanent turbidity and loss of submerged vegetation in the Murray-Darling river system, with severe consequences for river ecosystems, water quality and native fish species.

Types of carp

*Genus "Abramis"
** Carp bream ("Abramis brama")
*Genus "Barbodes":
** Carnatic carp ("Barbodes carnaticus")
*Genus "Carassius":
** Crucian carp ("Carassius carassius ")
** Prussian carp ("Carassius gibelio")
** Goldfish ("Carassius auratus")
*Genus "Cirrhinus":
** Chinese mud carp ("Cirrhinus chinensis")
** Deccan white carp ("Cirrhinus fulungee")
** Hora white carp ("Cirrhinus macrops")
** Small scale mud carp ("Cirrhinus microlepis")
** Mud carp ("Cirrhinus molitorella")
** Man carp ("Cirrhinus saprian")
*Genus "Ctenopharyngodon":
** Grass carp ("Ctenopharyngodon idellus")
*Genus "Culter":
** Predatory carp ("Culter erythropterus")
*Genus "Cyprinus":
** Common carp, Koi ("Cyprinus carpio")
*Genus "Epalzeorhynchos":
** Red-tailed black shark ("Epalzeorhynchos bicolor")
** Red-finned black shark or Rainbow shark ("Epalzeorhynchos frenatus")
*Genus "Henicorhynchus":
** Siamese mud carp ("Henicorhynchus siamensis")
*Genus "Hypophthalmichthys":
** Bighead carp ("Hypophthalmichthys nobilis")
** Silver carp ("Hypophthalmichthys molitrix")
*Genus "Labeo":
** African carp ("Labeo coubie")
** Fringed-lipped peninsula carp ("Labeo fimbriatus")
** Bigmouth carp ("Labeo kontius")
*Genus "Mylopharyngodon":
** Black carp ("Mylopharyngodon piceus")
*Genus "Tinca":
** Tench ("Tinca tinca")

Carp Noises

Carp feeding on algae from a hard surface (such as a dock pole, boat bottom, etc.) create a loud "tapping noise."

ee also

*Oily fish
*Asian carps (a term used heavy-bodied cyprinids native to China and Southeast Asia)
*Grass carp
*Rough fish

References

External links

* [http://www.carp-lakes.co.uk Carp Lakes and carp info]
* [http://nis.gsmfc.org/nis_factsheet.php?toc_id=183 Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • carp — carp; carp·er; carp·ing·ly; cleis·to·carp; crem·o·carp; cys·to·carp; dip·ter·o·carp; dis·co·carp; en·do·carp; ep·i·carp; es·carp·ment; exo·carp; hy·po·carp; mer·i·carp; meso·carp; mono·carp; peri·carp; phy·lac·to·carp; plas·mo·di·o·carp;… …   English syllables

  • CARP — Название: Common Address Redundancy Protocol Уровень (по модели OSI): 3 (сетевой) Семейство: TCP/IP Создан в: 2003 г. Назначение протокола: распределение IP адреса по нескольким хостам CARP (от англ.  …   Википедия

  • Carp — Carp, n.; pl. {Carp}, formerly {Carps}. [Cf. Icel. karfi, Dan. karpe, Sw. karp, OHG. charpho, G. karpfen, F. carpe, LL. carpa.] (Zo[ o]l.) A fresh water herbivorous fish ({Cyprinus carpio}.). Several other species of {Cyprinus}, {Catla}, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carp — steht für Common Address Redundancy Protocol, ein Netzwerkprotokoll eine Studentenorganisation der sogenannten Vereinigungskirche , die auch als Mun Sekte oder Moon Sekte bekannt ist. Eine streng konservative Organisation. CARP stehet hier für: C …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CARP — steht für Common Address Redundancy Protocol, ein Netzwerkprotokoll eine Studentenorganisation der sogenannten Vereinigungskirche , die auch als Mun Sekte oder Moon Sekte bekannt ist. Eine streng konservative Organisation. CARP stehet hier für: C …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carp — s.n. Grup de opt oase mici care alcătuiesc scheletul încheieturii mâinii, articulându se cu oasele antebraţului şi metacarpului. – Din fr. carpe, lat. carpus. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  carp (anat.) s. n. Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Carp — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carp — (k[aum]rp), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Carped} (k[aum]rpt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Carping}.] [OE. carpen to say, speak; from Scand. (cf. Icel. karpa to boast), but influenced later by L. carpere to pluck, calumniate.] 1. To talk; to speak; to prattle.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CARP — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda CARP puede referirse a: Common Address Redundancy Protocol Club Atlético River Plate Obtenido de CARP Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • carp — carp1 [kärp] n. pl. carp or carps [ME & OFr carpe < VL carpa < Goth * karpa] any of various often edible, freshwater cyprinoid fishes found all over the world, including the goldfish: a carp (Cyprinus carpio) is harvested for food in Europe …   English World dictionary

  • Carp — Carp, v. t. 1. To say; to tell. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. To find fault with; to censure. [Obs.] Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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