Carlo I Malatesta

Carlo I Malatesta.

Carlo I Malatesta (June 1368 – 13 September 1429) was an Italian condottiero during the Wars in Lombardy and lord of Rimini, Fano, Cesena and Pesaro. He was a member of the powerful House of Malatesta.

Carlo was the brother of Pandolfo III and Andrea Malatesta, with whom he fought in numerous occasions.

In 1385 he was named vicar for Romagna by the Pope Urban VI and, two years later, Gonfalonier.

In 1390 he defeated a Bolognese corps led by Alberico da Barbiano. In his early years he fought mainly against the Montefeltro family, but later allied with them through a double marriage arrangement.

In 1397 he was named commander of the Anti-Visconti League, formed with Florence and Venice, as well as his traditional ally, the Papal States. In 1401, when his brother Pandolfo left for the Holy Land, Carlo passed under Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, defeating the Florentine army at the siege of Brescia, personally capturing in a duel Leopold of Austria. Later he was against the Visconti, leading a Papal army against Bologna.

In 1406 he was named governor of Milan, but his loyalty last for only one year. From 1409 Carlo fought constantly for the Papal States, not only as Captain General of the Church but also as diplomat. In the chaotic situation created by the presence of three popes at the same time, he backed Gregory XII, whom he also housed in his lordship in Rimini, until his abdication at the Council of Constance. The resignation letter was read by Carlo himself.

In 1412 the became capitano generale (commander-in-chief) of the Venetian army, fighting against the Hungarian invasion of King Sigismund. However, he was wounded in action, and had to cease his position to Pandolfo.

On July 12, 1416, Malatesta was defeated by Braccio da Montone at the Battle of Sant'Egidio, wounded and taken prisoner. Pandolfo paid 80,000 ducati as ransom. Later, his territories were invaded by the Visconti army. Carlo lost Forlì and Gradara, and was subsequently defeated at Zagonara. Again taken prisoner, he was housed as a guest by the Duke of Milan Filippo Maria, and later freed without harm.

Carlo's wife was Elisabetta Gonzaga; they were married in November of 1386.[1] The Carlo Malatesta who married Vittoria Colonna, niece of Pope Martin V, was the son of Malatesta dei Sonetti who was lord of Pesaro. Guillaume Du Fay's Ballade "Resvellies Vous" (Awake and be merry) was written for the marriage of this younger Carlo in 1423. Carlo Malatesta of Rimini provided the newlyweds with a "most sumptuous nozze" in Rimini.[2]

He died in 1429, having obtained by Pope Martin V the legitimation of his sons, who inherited the seigniories of Rimini and Fano, while the sons of Malatesta dei Sonetti received Pesaro and his nephew Domenico received Cesena.

  1. ^ Anna Falcioni, La signoria di Carlo Malatesta (Rimini: Bruno Gigli Editori, 2001).
  2. ^ Cesare and Clementino Clementini, Raccolto istorico della fondatione de' Rimini, e dell' origine e vite de' Malatesti (Rimini, 1617-1627), 105.

References

  • Rendina, Claudio (1992). I capitani di ventura. Rome: Newton Compton. 
  1. ^ Anna Falcioni, La signoria di Carlo Malatesta (Rimini: Bruno Gigli Editori, 2001).
  2. ^ Cesare and Clementino Clementini, Raccolto istorico della fondatione de' Rimini, e dell' origine e vite de' Malatesti (Rimini, 1617-1627), 105.


Preceded by
Galeotto I Malatesta
Lord of Rimini
1385–1429
Succeeded by
Galeotto II Malatesta
Preceded by
Andrea Malatesta
Lord of Cesena
1417–1429
Succeeded by
Domenico Malatesta

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlo III Malatesta de Sogliano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Malatesta. Carlo III Malatesta de Sogliano (Rímini 1567 Legnano 1628) fue hijo de Cornelio Malatesta de San Giovanni. Conde soberano de Sogliano en 1591 (en 1593 se asoció con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malatesta — puede referirse a: Personajes La familia Malatesta, un linaje de condotieros y señores italianos. Segismundo Pandolfo Malatesta, fue señor de Rímini, Italia, siglo XV. Carlo III Malatesta de Sogliano, fue conde soberano de Sogliano, Italia,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malatesta —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronymes Malatesta est un patronyme italien, porté par les personnes suivantes, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne : Les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malatesta Novello — Domenico Malatesta, best known as Malatesta Novello (5 August 1418 – 20 November 1465) was an Italian condottiero, a member of the Malatesta family. Biography He was born at Brescia, the son of Pandolfo III Malatesta and Antonia da Barignano. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Carlo Cafiero — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el político Argentino, véase Antonio Cafiero. Carlo Caffiero. Carlo Cafiero (Barletta, Italia, 1 de septiembre de 1846 – Campania …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malatesta (familia) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Escudo de armas familiar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carlo Cafiero — (1er septembre 1846, Barletta 17 juillet 1892, Nocera Inferiore) est un anarcho communiste italien majeur. À l origine proche de Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malatesta IV Malatesta — Malatesta IV (or III) Malatesta (also known as Malatesta dei Sonetti; 1370 19 December 1429) was an Italian condottiero, poet and lord of Pesaro, Fossombrone, Gradara, Jesi, Narni and other fiefs in Italy. Biography Born in Pesaro, he was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Malatesta Baglioni — is the name of two Italian condottieri, both member of the noble Baglioni family of Umbria.*Malatesta Baglioni the Elder, also known as Malatesta da Cesena (c. 1390 January 1437), ruler of Cannara, Spello and Bastia Umbra. He was the father of… …   Wikipedia

  • Carlo Bergonzi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlo Bergonzi (nacido en Vidalenzo de Polesine Farnese, cerca de Parma (Italia, el 13 de julio de 1924), cantante Italiano. Es uno de los tenores más admirados de la Postguerra. Aunque ha interpretado y grabado… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.