dictionaryis maximizing if it attempts to include as many words as possible from a particular speech community. An example of a maximizing dictionary (also spelled maximising dictionary) is the Oxford English Dictionary, as it attempts to lemmatise (i.e. show as entry words) as many words as possible. This is one way in which to classify dictionaries based on the number of entry words they contain and give information about, i.e. their coverage.
The distinction between a maximizing dictionary and a
minimizing dictionaryis also important in connection with specialized dictionaries. A law dictionary that contains more than 20000 entry words is a maximizing dictionary, as it attempts to include nearly all legal terms. This should be contrasted with a law dictionary that contains 2000 words, which is a minimizing in that it cannot reasonably be claimed to cover more than a limited number of legal terms.
*Sandro Nielsen: "Contrastive Description of Dictionaries Covering LSP Communication", in: "Fachsprache/International Journal of LSP 3-4/1990", 129-136
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dictionary — For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). For Wikimedia s dictionary project visit Wiktionary, or see the Wiktionary article. A multi volume Latin dictionary by Egidio Forcellini. A dic … Wikipedia
Minimizing dictionary — A dictionary is minimizing if it attempts to include only a limited selection of words from a particular speech community. An example of a minimizing dictionary (also spelled minimising dictionary) is a dictionary containing the 2,000 most… … Wikipedia
Law dictionary — A law dictionary is a dictionary that is designed and compiled to give information about terms used in the field of law.A distinction is made between different types of law dictionaries. A monolingual law dictionary covers one language, a… … Wikipedia
LSP dictionary — A Language for Specific Purposes dictionary is a dictionary that intends to describe a variety of one or more languages used by experts within a particular subject field. The discipline that deals with LSP dictionaries is usually called… … Wikipedia
Specialized dictionary — A specialized dictionary is a dictionary that covers a relatively restricted set of phenomena. The typical type of specialized dictionary is that which in English is often referred to as a technical dictionary and in German as a… … Wikipedia
Single-field dictionary — A single field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms of one particular subject field. Single field dictionaries should be contrasted with multi field dictionaries and sub field… … Wikipedia
Sub-field dictionary — A sub field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms of one (or possibly more) sub fields of a particular subject field. It is therefore a sub division of the class of dictionary called a… … Wikipedia
Multi-field dictionary — A multi field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms within two or more subject fields. Multi field dictionaries should be contrasted with single field dictionaries and sub field dictionaries … Wikipedia
Monolingual learner's dictionary — A Monolingual learner s dictionary (or MLD) is a type of dictionary designed to meet the reference needs of people learning a foreign language. MLDs are based on the premise that language learners should progress from a bilingual dictionary to a… … Wikipedia
Biographical dictionary — Biographical dictionaries – a type of encyclopedic dictionary limited to biographical information – have been written in many languages. Many attempt to cover the major personalities of a country (with limitations, such as living persons only, in … Wikipedia