- WIPO Protection of Broadcasting Organizations
The Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (or the WIPO Broadcasting Treaty) was first developed by members of the
World Intellectual Property Organization( WIPO) in order to provide media organizations copyright protection for all their broadcasts.
May 1and May 5, 2006, the WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (or SCRR) established a "Basic Proposal" in order to develop protection rights for all broadcast organizations. However, members at the meeting decided at the time to exclude "webcasting" from the treaty, as well as establish a "Revised Draft Basic Proposal" in a September 2006 congregation. The revised proposal would in fact consider creating protection rights for webcasting, netcasting, and simulcasting. Between September 25and October 3, 2006, members of the SCRR met in Genevaand agreed to finalize the draft text at a later time. They would have another conference meeting between July 11and August 1, 2007in order to update the rights of broadcasting organizations.
Under the treaty, media broadcasters would have the right to protect the content of their media transmissions. Moreover, they would have the right to protect their broadcasts from reproduction, retransmission, and even from public communication. All copyright protections would endure for 50 years.
Many organizations oppose the passing of the WIPO Broadcasting Treaty. Opponents to the treaty feel that the US Library of Congress Copyright Office and the
US Patent and Trademark Officehave not engaged in any public discussions of the treaty. Moreover, they feel that the treaty would have a negative effect on consumers, telecommunications/electronics industries, copyright holders, and the development of user-generated content on the Internet.
The following opponent groups are as follows:
*Broadband Service Providers Association
Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association
Center for Democracy and Technology
*Computer and Communications Industry Association
Consumer Electronics Association
Consumer Federation of America
Consumer Project on Technology
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Information Technology Association of America
Panasonic Corporation of North America
*Sony Electronics Incorporate
The Internet Society(ISOC)
Union for the Public Domain
United States Telecom Association
*US Internet Industry Association
*US Public Interest Research Group
Verizon Communications Inc.
Members of the 33rd General Conference of
UNESCOdecided to take an active role in stimulating discourse pertaining to the WIPO Broadcasting Treaty. Studies from UNESCO show that the treaty could limit the flow of information by weakening the balance between broadcasting/cablecasting interests and the values of freedom of expression. [Akester, Patrícia. "Thus, the Draft Treaty may undermine the balance between the economic interests of broadcasting and cablecasting organizations and freedom of expression of values" ( [http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001464/146498e.pdf] , p. 48).]
* [http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/WOissues/copyrightb/intlcopyright/wipo-nonprofit-letter-20060607.pdf Letters to Congress from Non-Profit Organizations]
* [http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/WOissues/copyrightb/intlcopyright/wipo-industry-letter-20060607.pdf Letter to Congress from Computer and Telecommunications Industries]
* [http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001464/146498e.pdf The Draft WIPO Broadcasting Treaty and its Impact on Freedom of Expression]
* [http://www.wipo.int/documents/en/meetings/2004/sccr/pdf/sccr_11_3.pdf Consolidated Text for a Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (11th Session)]
* [http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/sccr/en/sccr_14/sccr_14_2.pdf Draft Basic Proposal for the WIPO Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (14th Session)]
* [http://www.wipo.int/edocs/prdocs/en/2006/wipo_pr_2006_454.html World Intellectual Property Organization]
* [http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/WOissues/copyrightb/intlcopyright/WIPOBroadcastTreaty.htm American Library Association]
* [http://www.eff.org/IP/WIPO/broadcasting_treaty/ Electronic Frontier Foundation - WIPO Broadcasting Treaty]
* [http://www.ft.com/cms/s/441306be-2eb6-11da-9aed-00000e2511c8.html James Boyle: More rights are wrong for webcasters]
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