Frederick Charles Frank

Sir Frederick Charles Frank FRS[1] (6 March 1911–5 April 1998) was a British theoretical physicist.[2]

He was born in Durban, South Africa, although his parents returned to England soon afterwards. He was educated at Thetford Grammar School and Ipswich School and went on to study chemistry at Lincoln College, Oxford, gaining a doctorate at the university's Engineering Laboratory.

During the war he joined the Chemical Defence Experimental Station at Porton Down, Wiltshire but in 1940 was transferred to the Air Ministry's Assistant Directorate of Intelligence (Science) and spent the rest of the war with the Air Ministry.

After the war he moved to the University of Bristol Physics Department to do research in solid state physics but switched to research on crystal dislocation and his work with Burton and Cabrera was to demonstrate the role dislocations played in the growth of crystals. Apart from crystal defects his wide-ranging research interests at Bristol included the mechanical properties of polymers, the theory of liquid crystals and the mechanics of the interior of the Earth. He was appointed Reader in 1951, Melville Wills Professor in 1954 and Henry Overton Wills Professor and Director of the H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory in 1969. He retired in 1976 but remained active in attending conferences, writing papers and corresponding with colleagues well into the 1990s.

He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1954[1], delivering the Bakerian Lecture in 1973. He was knighted in 1977.

Frank is notable for having proposed the cyclol reaction in the mid-1930s.[3] He is distinguished for many contributions to solid state physics, geophysics, and the theory of liquid crystals. He is best known for his work on crystal dislocations, including (with Thornton Read) the idea of the Frank-Read Source of dislocations.

In 1994 he was awarded the Royal Society’s Copley Medal, its highest honour, ‘in recognition of his fundamental contribution to the theory of crystal morphology, in particular to the source of dislocations and their consequences in interfaces and crystal growth; to fundamental understanding of liquid crystals and the concept of disclination; and to the extension of crystallinity concepts to aperiodic crystals’.

References

  1. ^ a b Nabarro, F. R. N.; Nye, J. F. (2000). "Sir (Frederick) Charles Frank, O.B.E. 6 March 1911 -- 5 April 1998: Elected F.R.S. 1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 46: 177. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0079.  edit
  2. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/68884.  edit
  3. ^ Frank, F. C. (1936). "Energy of Formation of 'Cyclol' Molecules". Nature 138 (3484): 242. doi:10.1038/138242a0.  edit



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frederick Charles Frank — Frederick Charles Frank, genannt Charles Frank (* 6. März 1911 in Durban; † 5. April 1988) war ein britischer theoretischer Physiker. Frank kam kurz nach seiner Geburt mit seinen Eltern nach England. Er studierte ab 1929 Chemie an der Universität …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Charles — may refer to: *Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia (1828 1885) *Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse (1868 1940) *Friedrich Karl von Schönborn (1674 1746), Bishop of Würzburg *Fred Charles, Canadian politicianOther people named Frederick Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Frank (Familienname) — Frank ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick the Great — Frederick II Frederick II, aged 68, by Anton Graff King of Prussia Elector of Brandenburg Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Charles F. Bolden, Jr. — Charles Bolden redirects here. For the jazz musician, see Buddy Bolden. Charles Bolden Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Incumbent …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Richardson (cement merchant) — Charles Richardson (born February 16, 1817 Born in Woodford, London, Essex, United Kingdom) Founder of the family Brick and Cement Firm A WT Richardson Ltd, which lasted over 100 years. This business was founded by the late Charles Richardson in… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg — For other people named Karl Alexander, see Karl Alexander (disambiguation). Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg Charles Alexander of Württemberg Spouse(s) Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis …   Wikipedia

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Charles L. McNary — Portrait by Henrique Medina 3rd United States Senate Minority Leader …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Michael, Duke of Mecklenburg — Charles Michael Duke of Mecklenburg Head of the House of Mecklenburg Strelitz Period 23 February 1918 – 6 December 1934 Predeces …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.