List of cathedrals in Ireland
This article lists the
cathedrals, former cathedrals and intended cathedrals in Ireland.
It is a commonly held perception that the term 'cathedral' may be applied to any particularly large or grand church. Whilst many cathedrals may be such, this is due to their ecclesiastical status (such a church is grand because it is a cathedral, rather than it being a cathedral because of its grandeur). A cathedral may therefore be a smaller building, particularly where they exist in sparser or poorer communities. Modern cathedrals may lack the grandeur of former times, focussing on the functional aspect of a place of worship, though it should be borne in mind that many of the grand and ancient cathedrals of today were originally built to a much smaller plan, and have been successively extended and rebuilt over the centuries. Some cathedrals were purpose-built as such, whilst others were formerly
parochial, or parishchurches, subsequently promoted in status due to ecclesiastical requirements such as periodic diocesan reorganisation.
Essentially, a cathedral church is a
Christianplace of worship which is the chief, or 'mother' church of a dioceseand is distinguished as such by being the location for the " cathedra" or bishop's seat. Strictly speaking therefore, only those Christian denominationswith an episcopal hierarchy possess cathedrals. However the label 'cathedral' remains in common parlance for notable churches which were formerly part of an episcopal denomination, such as is the case with many former Scottish cathedrals which are now within the Presbyterian Church of Scotland(see List of cathedrals in the United Kingdom). In addition former cathedrals which now exist as ruins retain their nominal status.
The following list comprises, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, all locations of a current cathedral church, or former cathedral church, as well as those locations where no trace remains of the structure, indeed where the precise location is no longer known.
Also included are those structures or sites of intended cathedrals as well as
pro-cathedrals (churches serving as an interim cathedral, for instance whilst a permanent cathedral is acquired, or (as a co-cathedralwhere the diocesan demographics/geography require the bishop's seat to be shared with a building in an alternate location).
The inclusion of the entire island of Ireland is strictly for ecclesiastical reasons. Northern Ireland is represented because, although it politically comprises part of the United Kingdom, ecclesiastically the island comprises a single geographically-based unit.
In the list which follows the cathedrals are listed by denomination and (where applicable) denominational hierarchy. Disused establishments are listed separately.
Terms not covered in the above preamble include "translated", which is the move of a bishop's seat from one location to another, moving cathedral status from the former church and bestowing it on the destination church, such as may occur in a diocesan or provincial re-organisation.
Abbreviations and Key
* + "indicates non-cathedral ecclesiastical use".
* NM = "National Monument".
Listing of establishments
Roman Catholic Church
Province of Armagh
Province of Tuam
Former and intended cathedrals
List of cathedrals in the United Kingdom
*List of English cathedrals
List of abbeys and priories
Abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland
Abbeys and priories in Scotland
Abbeys and priories in Wales
Abbeys and priories in England
Abbeys and priories in Isle of Man
Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
List of monasteries dissolved by Henry VIII of England
Dissolution of the Monasteries
* [http://www.gcatholic.com/churches/data/cathGBX.htm List of Cathedrals in Ireland and Great Britain] by Giga-Catholic Information
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