- University of Florida
name=University of Florida
motto="Civium in moribus rei publicae salus" (
mottoeng=The welfare of the state depends upon the morals of its citizens
Dianna Fuller Morgan
students= 52,271 [http://www.ir.ufl.edu/factbook/enroll.htm www.ir.ufl.edu/factbook/enroll.htm] ]
faculty=4,534 [ [http://www.ir.ufl.edu/factbook/staff.htm www.ir.ufl.edu/factbook/staff.htm] ]
endowment=US$1.219 billion [ [http://www.theledger.com/article/20071130/NEWS/711300401/1004/RSS&source=RSS www.theledger.com/article/20071130/NEWS/711300401/1004/RSS&source=RSS] ]
Albert and Alberta
Bluecolor box|#FF4A00color box|#0021A5
The University of Florida (Florida or UF) is a public land-grant, sea-grant, space-grant major
research universitylocated on a convert|2000|acre|km2|sing=on campus in Gainesville, Florida, in the United States. The university is one of 62 elected members of the Association of American Universities. [ [http://www.ufl.edu/aboutUF/ "About UF."] University of Florida.] The University of Florida was founded in 1853, [ [http://www.ufl.edu/history/1853.html "University of Florida History 1853-1905."] "University of Florida."] and has been recognized as a " Public Ivy" [Greene, Howard R. & Greene, Matthew W. (2001). "The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities" (1st ed.). New York: Cliff Street Books. ISBN 0-06-093459-X] UF is currently ranked 49th overall among national universities in the 2009 " U.S. News & World Report" rankings.
The University of Florida is the flagship university of the
State University System of Floridaand one of the largest universities in the United States, with 51,913 students as of fall 2007.cite web|url=http://www.floridamemory.com/Timeline |title=State Library and Archives of Florida - The Florida Memory Project Timeline (see 1851) |accessdate=2007-10-17] [cite news|url=http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2006-08-30-tuition-survey_x.htm |publisher=USA Today |date= August 30 2006|title=2006 College Tuition and Fees Survey |accessdate=2007-04-28] [cite web|url=http://cio.chance.berkeley.edu/chancellor/sp/flagship.htm |title=Convocation Address |author=Robert M. Berdahl, Chancellor of UC Berkeley |date= October 5, 1998|accessdate=2007-04-28] It is the largest comprehensive university in the state of Florida and has one of the largest budgets in the United States at nearly $4.377 billion per year. [ [http://alligator.org/articles/2007/10/14/blogs/u_f_board_of_trustees/doc46ea96f2ad942175979481.txt Source for UF's Operating Budget] )] UF is home to 17 colleges and more than 150 research centers and institutes. As of the 2007-2008 academic year, UF ranked twelfth among all institutions in the number of new National Merit Scholar students enrolled. [ [http://gainesvillesun.com/article/20080118/NEWS/801180316/1007/NEWS "Merit cuts have not hurt UF's draw."] "Gainesville Sun".] Researchers at the University of Florida developed the famous sports drink Gatorade. [ [http://www.gatorade.com/history/born_in_the_lab/ "The history of Gatorade."] "Gatorade."]
The University of Florida offers many graduate programs—including
engineering, business, lawand medicine—on one contiguous site, and coordinates 123 master's degreeprograms and 76 doctoral degree programs in 87 schools and departments. [ [http://gradschool.rgp.ufl.edu/students/uf-introduction.html University of Florida Graduate School ] ]
The University of Florida NCAA
Division Iathletic teams, referred to as the Florida Gators, compete in Southeastern Conference. Alligators named Albert and Albertaare the official mascots. Throughout the school's history, the University of Florida's athletic program has earned 27 total National Championships.
The institutional history dates back to 1851, when the
Florida Legislatureset about creating two seminaries, one west of the Suwanee River, and the other to the east. In 1853, UF's official date of founding, Gilbert Kingsbury was the first man to take advantage of the legislation passed in 1851 and established the East Florida Seminary (EFS) in Ocala, Florida. Before coming to Florida, Kingsbury taught at Thetford Academy in New Hampshire. This was the first state-supported institution of higher learning in Florida and set the foundation for the University of Florida. [ [http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/kingsbury.htm/ "Kingsbury Papers"] , Smathers Library.] James Henry Roper, an educator from North Carolinaand a state senator from Alachua County, built a school, the Gainesville Academy, around the same time. In 1866, after EFS had closed due to the American Civil War, [ [http://www.ufl.edu/history/1853.html/ "UF Early History"] , University of Florida.] Roper offered his land and school to the state of Florida in exchange for the relocation of East Florida Seminary to Gainesville. His offer was accepted and the current site of the University of Florida was built in its place. Epworth Hall, the main building of East Florida Seminary, still stands in downtown Gainesville, but is not on UF's campus today. [ [http://heritage.acld.lib.fl.us/1051-1100/1088.html/ "The Heritage Collection."] , Alachua Library.]
Another precursor to the University of Florida was the Florida Agricultural College (FAC) established at Lake City in 1884 by Jordan Probst. Florida Agricultural College became the first land-grant college in the state and a powerful force.Fact|date=August 2008 In 1902, FAC briefly changed to the University of Florida. [ [http://www.ufl.edu/150/htmltimeline/1853_1905.html/ "UF Timeline"] , University of Florida.]
The 1905 the Buckman Act consolidated the colleges of the state. The member of the Florida Legislature who wrote the act,
Henry Holland Buckman, is the namesake of Buckman Hall, one of UF's earliest buildings. [ [http://www.housing.ufl.edu/housing/Facilities_TourPages/buckman.htm/ "Buckman Hall Quick Facts."] "Department of Housing, University of Florida."] The Buckman Act provided for the creation of the State University System of Floridaand the Florida Board of Controlto govern the affairs of the system. [http://www.capolicycenter.org/florida/florida5.html/ "History of the State University System (SUS)"] , Capitol Center.] It also called for the merger of several institutions into the new University of the State of Florida. The institutions apart of this were the University of Florida at Lake City (formerly Florida Agricultural College) in Lake City, the East Florida Seminary in Gainesville, the St. Petersburg Normal and Industrial School at St. Petersburg, and the South Florida Military College at Bartow.
The Buckman Act also consolidated the several existing colleges and schools into three institutions segregated by race and sex - the University of the State of Florida for white males, the Florida Female College for white women (later Florida State) and the State Normal School for Colored Students for black men and women (later Florida A&M).cite web|url=http://www.floridamemory.com/Timeline |title=State Library and Archives of Florida - The Florida Memory Project Timeline (see 1905) |accessdate=2008-06-05]
On July 6, 1905, the state legislature selected Gainesville for a new university campus.
Andrew Sleddfrom the University of Florida at Lake City became the first president, while architect William A. Edwards designed the first official campus buildings in the Collegiate Gothic style. Classes began on September 26, 1906 with 102 students. In 1909, the name of the school was shortened to the University of Florida.
The alligator was incidentally chosen as the school mascot in 1911 after a local vendor places a gator on a school banner. The school colors, orange and blue, are thought to have come from both the blue and white of the University of Florida at Lake City and the orange and black of East Florida Seminary at Gainesville. [ [http://www.ufl.edu/history/1906.html "University of Florida History 1906-1927."] "University of Florida." August 18, 2005. August 9, 2006.]
Albert Murphreewas appointed president of UF and attempted to organize the colleges of the university and increased the enrollment of the school substantially. He is the only man with a statue on the campus.
In 1924, the Florida Legislature ruled that women of a "mature age" (at least 21 years old) who had completed 60 semester hours from a "reputable educational institution" would be allowed to enroll during regular semesters at UF in programs that were unavailable at Florida State College for Women. Before this, only the summer semester was coeducational, to accommodate teachers. [ [http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/aspring/All%20courses/UF%20courses/Women%20UF/Holbrook%20et%20al.doc University of Florida: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences-Notable Women at UF] ]
Lassie Goodbread-Blackfrom Lake City became the first woman to enroll at the University of Florida, at the College of Agriculture in 1925. [ [http://www.ufl.edu/history/1906.html University of Florida website: History-1925 » First Woman Enrolls] ] John J. Tigertbecame president in 1928. Disgusted by the under-the-table payments being made by universities to athletes, he established the grant-in-aid athletic scholarshipprogram in the early 1930s, which was the genesis of the modern athletic scholarship plan currently used by the NCAA. [ [http://web1.ncaa.org/web_video/NCAANewsArchive/1970/19701215.pdf "The NCAA News"] ]
In 1946, there was a rapid increase in male students wanting to attend the University of Florida due to the return of
World War IIveterans who could go to college under the G.I. Bill(Servicemen's Readjustment Act). Though UF attempted to accommodate the new demand, it could not. Faced with a waiting list of nearly 2,200 men, Tigert went to Governor Millard Caldwellfor help. The Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida (TBUF) was opened to serve men on the campus of Florida State College for Women. [ [http://www.rinr.fsu.edu/summer95/features/warchild.html/ "FSU History"] , Florida State University.] [ [http://www.fsu.edu/about/history.html/ "Florida State History"] , Florida State University.] By the end of the 1946-1947 school year, 954 men were enrolled at TBUF, which was governed by the University of Florida in Gainesville.Fact|date=June 2008 The following semester, the state decided to create a new co-educational Florida State University, which absorbed the Florida State College for Women with the Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida.Fact|date=June 2008 This sequence of events also opened up UF to women undergraduate students for the first time, as the University of Florida officially became co-educational. Admission of African-American students also began in 1958. Shands Hospitalfirst opened in 1958 along with the medical school. Rapid campus expansion began in the 1950s and continues to the present day.
In 1985, Florida became a member of the
Association of American Universities(AAU), a higher-education organization composed of 62 public and private institutions in North America. UF is one of only 17 public, land-grant universities that belongs to the association.
The University of Florida has continued to rise in the "
U.S. News & World Report" college and university rankings. In 2001, UF was labeled a Public Ivyand was 2nd in Kiplinger's 2006 "Best Buys of Education" (behind the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). "U.S. News" currently ranks UF as the 49th overall best university; the state of Florida and UF alumni are actively making a concerted effort to become a Top-10 overall public. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/20/education/20colleges.html?ex=1324270800&en=16bd9a2c85e3f6a3&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss/"Public Universities Chase Excellence, at Price."] "New York Times."]
Infobox US university ranking
USNWR_NU = 49th
USNWR_Bus = 34th
USNWR_Law = 46th
USNWR_Medr = 48th
USNWR_Eng = 24th
ARWU_W = 51st
ARWU_N = 38th
ARWU_ENG = 33rd
ARWU_LIFE = 32nd
ARWU_MED = 42nd
CMUP = 26th
Wamo = 26thUniversity of Florida students, numbering 50,912 in Fall 2006, come from more than 100 countries, and all 50 states. The ratio of women to men is 53:47. Of the 50,912 students, about 29 percent are graduate and professional students, and professional degree programs including architecture, dentistry, law, medicine, pharmacy and veterinary medicine. About 26 percent of the student body represents minority populations with 7.9 percent African Americans, 11.2 percent Hispanics, and 7 percent Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders. [ [http://www.registrar.ufl.edu/catalog/administration/mission.html 2007-2008 Official UF Catalog] ]
In a 2007 survey conducted by the
Institute of International Educationthe University of Florida ranked 17th overall in the United Statesfor the largest total number of international students. The statistics showed that UF hosted a total of 3,921 students from overseas in the 2006-07 academic year. [ [http://www.gainesvillesun.com/article/20071112/NEWS/711120310 2007 International Students in U.S. Universities survey] ] This was more than any other university in Florida.
The University of Florida is ranked second overall in the
United Statesfor the total number of bachelor's degrees awarded to African Americans, and third overall for Hispanics.Fact|date=August 2008 UF ranks fifth overall in total number of doctoral degrees awarded to African Americans, and second overall for Hispanics, and third overall in total number of professional degrees awarded to African Americans, and first overall for Hispanics.
The University of Florida is ranked in 2008 by "
U.S. News & World Report" 49th overall among "National universities" in the United States. [ [http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/brief/t1natudoc_brief.php US News & World Report: 2008 College Rankings] ] The 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universitieslist assessed the University of Florida as 51st among world universities and 38th in the United States based on overall research output and faculty awards. [ [http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2007/ARWU2007_Top100.htm "Academic Ranking of World Universities."] "Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University." 2007.] In the "2007 National College Ranking", Washington Monthlyranked the University of Florida 26th overall. [cite web | title= The Washington Monthly College Rankings | url=http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2007/0709.natlrankings.pdf | accessdate=2008-03-11|format=PDF] For 2007, " Newsweek" ranked UF one of the "Top 25 Hottest Schools". [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20228437/site/newsweek/page/0/ "Top 25 Hottest Schools"] ] According to the world Webometrics rankings, University of Florida ranks 22nd best all around. [ [http://www.webometrics.info/top100_continent.asp?cont=usa_canada "World Webometrics rankings"] ]
Another ranking by Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of
Wuhan Universityranks UF 37th in the world. The ranking is based on Essential Science Indicators (ESI), which provides data of journal article publication counts and citation frequencies in over 11,000 journals around the world in 22 research fields. [ [http://rccse.whu.edu.cn/college/sjdxkyjzl.htm World ranking by Wuhan University] ]
UF ranked 2nd among all universities in Kiplinger's "100 Best Values in Public Colleges" (2007 & 2008) [ [http://content.kiplinger.com/tools/colleges/pubcollege.php?sortby=INRANK04&orderby=flip&states%5B%5D=ALL&myschool%5B%5D=none&outputby=table Kiplingers: 100 Best Values in US Public Colleges] ] and 4th in "The Scientist" magazine's "Best Places to Work in Academia" (2005); UF was also ranked the best overall in top values amongst all the public flagship universities by USA Today (2006). UF admitted 1,049
International Baccalaureatestudents for the 2004-2005 academic year - more than any other university in the world. The freshmen retention rate of 94 percent is among the highest in the U.S.cite press release
title=New study: UF contributes nearly $6 billion to Florida economy
source=University of Florida
UF's Career/Job Placement Services was ranked 13th best by "
The Princeton Review" in its "2009 "Best 368 Colleges" Rankings." [http://www.princetonreview.com/schoollist.aspx?id=685&type=r&uidbadge=%07]
AdmissionsFall freshman statisticscite web |url=http://www.gainesvillesun.com/article/20080219/NEWS/802190315/1002/NEWS |title=UF Admit rate 2008|accessdate=2008-03-01 |date=
2008-03-01|work=Official site ] cite web |url=http://www.admissions.ufl.edu/ugrad/frprofile.html |title=UF Freshman profile 2007 - 2005|accessdate=2008-03-01 |date= 2008-03-01] The University of Florida, the state’s largest university and one of the biggest research universities in the nation, contributes nearly $6 billion annually to Florida’s economy and is responsible for nearly 75,000 jobs. The Milken Institute named UF one of the top-five U.S. institutions in the transfer of biotechnologyresearch to the marketplace (2006). Some 50 biotechnology companies have resulted from faculty research programs. UF consistently ranks among the top-10 universities in licensing. Royalty and licensing income includes the glaucoma drug Trusopt, the sports drink Gatorade, and the Sentricon termiteelimination system. It should also be noted that the UF is currently ranked seventh among all private & public universities for the total number of patents awarded for 2005.
The University of Florida was awarded $583 million in total research expenditures (which is more than all the other Florida universities combined - in sponsored research in 2006-2007). [cite press release
title=UF receives record $583 million in research funding
source=University of Florida
accessdate=2007-09-16] Research includes diverse areas such as health-care and citrus production (the world's largest citrus research center). In 2002, UF began leading six other universities under a $15 million NASA grant to work on a variety of space-related research during a five-year period. UF has a partnership with
Spainthat helped to create the world's largest telescope in the Canary Islands (the total cost was $93 million). Plans are also under way for the University of Florida to construct a new convert|50000|sqft|m2|sing=on research facility in collaboration with the Burnham Institute for Medical Researchthat will ultimately be located in the center of UCF's Health Sciences Campus in Orlando, FL. Research will include the areas of diabetes, aging, genetics and cancer.
The $60 million
McKnight Brain Institute, part of the J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center, is the most comprehensive program of its kind in the world. The Institute comprises 300 faculty members from 10 colleges, and 51 departments campus-wide. In addition, UF is also doing some innovative Diabetes Research In a statwide screening program, that has been sponsored by a $10 million grant from the American Diabetes Association. The University of Florida also houses one of the world's leading lightning research teams. Also UF scientists have started up a biofuels pilot plant that has been specifically designed to test ethanol-producing technology. UF is also host to a nuclear research reactor which is known for its Neutron Activation Analysis Laboratory. In addition, the University of Florida is the first American university to receive a European Uniongrant to house a Jean MonnetCentre of Excellence. [ [http://www.alligator.org/articles/2007/09/13/news/campus/center.txt The Independent Alligator article] ]
In January 2008 the University of Florida,
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, and Shands at the University of Floridaformed a partnership to develop world-class programs in cancer care, research and prevention. The partnership, will extend Moffitt’s innovative model of comprehensive patient care to UF and Shands cancer programs. [ [http://news.ufl.edu/2008/01/23/moffitt-cancer-center/ University of Florida News - Moffitt Cancer Center, Shands, UF to partner to improve cancer care ] ]
The University of Florida has made great strides in the space sciences over the last decade.Fact|date=August 2008 The Astronomy Department's focus on the development of image-detection devices has led to increases in funding, telescope time, and significant scholarly achievements. Faculty members in organic chemistry have made notable discoveries in astrobiology, while faculty members in physics have participated actively in the
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatoryproject, the largest and most ambitious project ever funded by the NSF.Fact|date=August 2008 Through the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, the University of Florida is the lead institution on the NASA University Research, Engineering, and Technology Institute (URETI) for Future Space Transport project to develop the next generation space shuttle. The University of Florida is therefore well positioned to become a major center of space science research.Fact|date=August 2008
Participation in the Large Hadron Collider
A team of UF physicists has a leading role in one of the two major experiments planned for the
Large Hadron Collider, a 17-mile-long, $5 billion, super-cooled underground tunnel that has been under construction outside Geneva, Switzerland, for 14 years. More than 30 UF physicists, postdoctoral associates and graduate students are involved in the collider’s Compact Muon Solenoidexperiment, one of its two major experiments. About 10 are stationed in Geneva. The group is the largest from any university in the U.S. to participate in the CMS experiment. The UF team designed and oversaw development of a major detector within the CMS. The detector, the Muon system, is intended to capture subatomic particles called muons, which are heavier cousins of electrons. Among other efforts, UF scientists analyzed about 100 of the 400 detector chambers placed within the Muon system to be sure they were functioning properly. The bulk of the UF research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. [ [http://news.ufl.edu/2008/09/09/uf-collider/ UF physicists to take part in world’s most ambitious science experiment] ]
Partnership with Zhejiang University
In July 2008, the University of Florida teamed up with the
Zhejiang Universityto research sustainable solutions to the Earth's energy issues. Overall a Joint Research Center of Clean Sustainable Energy among the Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy, at UF, and the State Key Lab of Clean Energy Utilization and the Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, at Zhejiang University will collaborate to work on this pressing issue. [ [http://insideuf.ufl.edu/2008/07/24/china-us-collaboration/ InsideUF - UF, China’s Zhejiang University to collaborate on clean energy research ] ] [ [http://www.academickeys.com/all/news.php?dothis=display&news%5BIDX%5D=789 UF, China's Zhejiang University To Collaborate On Clean Energy Research ] ]
library_name =University of Florida Libraries
collection_size = 4 million books & journals
7 million microfilms
2 million+ pages online
annual_circulation = 1 million
pop_served = 1.5 million a year
director = Dean
Judith C. Russell
num_employees = 384 (full-time)
website = http://www.ufl.edu/libraries/
The University of Florida's libraries is the largest most extensive information resource system in the state.Fact|date=August 2008 In total, the University of Florida has ten libraries, and over 4 million volumes of books and journals (pre-renovations) and 7 million microfilms. Collections cover virtually all disciplines and include a wide array of formats – from books and journals to manuscripts, maps, and recorded music. Increasingly collections are digital and are accessible on the Internet via the library web page or the library catalog.
The numerous libraries provide primary support to all academic programs except those served by the Health Science Center Library and the
Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center. In 2006, Library West went through a $30 million dollar renovation that doubled capacity. This facility is now better equipped to handle the information technology necessities that students need to complete their studies. Such progress is represented by its state of the art Information Commons [http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/hss/infocommons/] , which offers production studios, digital media computing areas, and a presentation area. In addition, Library West now has a Starbuckssituated in the lobby that sells food, coffee, and beverages. [ [http://video.aol.com/video-detail/university-of-florida-library-west-dedication-part-2/422190394 University of Florida, Library West Dedication, Part 2 - AOL Video ] ]
"In 1995 the University of Florida Student Body revamped the previous Honor Codeand voluntarily committed itself to the highest standards of honesty and integrity. When students enroll at the University of Florida, they commit themselves to the standard drafted and enacted by students." [ [http://www.registrar.ufl.edu/catalog/policies/students.html Office of the University Registrar ] ]
A number of the University of Florida's buildings are historically significant. The
University of Florida Campus Historic Districtcomprises 19 buildings and encompasses approximately convert|650|acre|km2.cite web |url=http://dhr.dos.state.fl.us/facts/reports/places/Counties/Alachua.cfm |title=Florida's History Through Its Places: Alachua County |publisher= Florida Department of State|accessdate=2008-09-09] Two buildings outside the historic district, the old WRUF radio station (now the university police station) and the old P. K. Yonge Laboratory School (now Norman Hall), are also listed on the historic register. [ [http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/ufarch/historic.htm] "Official UF Historic Site Guide."] The buildings listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places for their architectural or historic significance are:
The school's sports teams are called the Florida Gators. They compete in the Eastern Division of the
Southeastern Conferenceof the NCAA's Division I. In football, Florida, as well as all other SEC schools, competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision(FBS; still often referred to by its former designation of Division I-A). The Gators have a number of rivalries, most notably the in-state Florida State University, and the conference competitors University of Georgiaand University of Tennessee. Florida dedicates about $44 million per year to its sports teams and facilities. In 2004-05, Florida won its 14th consecutive SEC All-Sports Trophy. The Florida athletic program has ranked among the nation's top ten in each of the last 23 years and in the top five for 12 of the past 17. Florida is one of only two schools that has ranked among the top 10 athletic programs for the last 23 years.
Florida has won a total of 21 team national championships, [cite web|url=http://www.gatorzone.com/overview/|title=University Athletic Association|publisher=University of Florida Athletic Association, Inc.|accessdate=2008-02-28] 17 of which are NCAA championships. [cite web|url=http://www.ncaa.org/champadmin/champs_listing1.html|title=Schools with the Most NCAA Championships|publisher=NCAA|accessdate=2008-02-28] Florida is the second Division I FBS school, after
Michigan State University, to win multiple national championships in each of the two most popular NCAA sports: football (in 1996 and 2006 both championships were unanimous) and men's basketball (in 2006, and again in 2007). With a 41–14 win over #1 Ohio State in the 2006 BCS National Championship, held January 8, 2007, in Glendale, Arizona, Florida became the only Division I school in NCAA history to hold football and basketball titles at the same time. Florida was 12–1 in the regular season, and won the SEC Championship on the road to the BCS Championship Game. University of Florida participates in olympic events such as swimming, gymnastic. University of Florida also starting a Lacrosse.
In 2002–03, UF placed a record 193 student–athletes on the SEC Academic Honor Roll.Fact|date=August 2008 The 2002-03 season marked the sixth consecutive year UF placed 100 or more student-athletes on the SEC Honor Roll.Fact|date=August 2008
titles, produced 135 All-Americans coming into the 2006 season, 35 NFL first round draft choices and three Heisman Trophy winners, and of course 2 national championships.
William A. Shands, a future member of the Florida Senate, and the name-sake of Shands Hospitalin Gainesville, played for the 1908 team. The Gators earned nation wide recognition in the 1920s with several fantastic finishes and wins. Florida originally competed in the Southern Conference, and in 1928, won the Football National Scoring Title with a 8–1 record. [http://www.gatorzone.com/football/media/2006/pdf/124-127.pdf 2007 Gator Football Media Guide, pp.124-127] ] in 1933, President John J. Tigert joined with several other Southern Conference presidents to form the new Southeastern Conference(SEC), which Tigert would eventually lead as commissioner. The 1930s and 1940's were not nearly as kind to the Gators. UF did have quite a few stars including All-American, Fergie Ferguson, in 1941, who would die from wounds suffered in World War II. In 1949 the iconic cheerleader Mr. Two Bitsattended his first game and began the tradition of leading the fans in the "two bits" cheer.
Florida's first post-season game was a 14-13 victory over Tulsa in the 1952
Gator Bowl, played in Jacksonville, Fla.. UF ended up going 6-4 against the University of Georgiain the decade, and 8 winning seasons. Coach Ray Graves brought UF unprecedented success in the 1960s. The Gators had 9 winning seasons and went to 5 bowl games, racking up the winningest decade in Florida history until the 1990s. The first major bowl appearance by UF was a 20–18 loss to the Missouri Tigers in the 1965 Sugar Bowl. Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Steve Spurrier led the Gators to a 9–2 record in 1966 and a 27-12 victory over Georgia Tech in that year's Orange Bowl. Super Sophs John Reaves and Carlos Alvarez led UF to a 9–2 record and a Gator Bowl win in 1969.The 1970s were a time of promise and disappointment for UF. The Gators attended four bowl games under new coach and former QB Doug Dickey, who left the head coaching job at the University of Tennesseefor his alma mater, but could never quite get Florida their first SEC title. In 1979, Coach Charley Pell took over at UF and created a feared program in the SEC. The Gators finished #6 in the nation in 1983 and had one of the best defenses in the nation, led by Defensive Player of the Year, Wilber Marshall. UF then had consecutive top 10 finishes and claimed first place in the SEC standings in 1984 and 1985. The 1984 title was stripped by the SEC for NCAA sanctions. Emmitt Smithhighlighted the Gators run in the late 1980s, setting the all-time UF rushing mark in 1989.
Steve Spurrierreturned to UF, this time as head coach, and led UF to another first place finish in the SEC, but again UF was denied a league title due to probation. Florida's first official SEC football championship came in 1991 during a 10–2 campaign. Spurrier quickly built the Gators into the dominant team in the SEC, winning a string of conference championships in 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 2000. The Gators, led by Spurrier and quarterback Danny Wuerffel, won their first national championship in 1996 with a 52–20 victory over arch-rival Florida State in the Sugar Bowl, after losing the regular season finale to FSU. Wuerffel would also claim UF's second Heisman Trophy.
Florida Gatorsare one of only three schools ever to win 10 games for six straight seasons (1993-98) and one of only three ever to win at least nine games for 12 straight years (1990-2001). It is one of only six major college schools ever to win 100 games during a decade (102-22-1 in 1990s). UF also claimed the most SEC wins by any school in a decade at 73 and is considered a dynastyby the NCAA from 1990 to 2001. [ [http://www.gatorscafe.com/GatorFootballAHistoricalReviewUSF.pdf "Florida Football History"] ] In January 2002, Spurrier left the Gators to coach the NFL's Washington Redskins, after having won six SEC titles in his 11 year tenure. He was replaced by Ron Zookwho, in October 2004, was fired in the middle of his third season but remained coach for the rest of the regular season. In December 2004, Urban Meyer, previously the coach of the Utah Utes, replaced Zook as the head football coach.
Traditional football rivals include the Hurricanes of the
University of Miami, the Bulldogs of the University of Georgiain the annual The World's Largest Outdoor Cocktail Partyin Jacksonville, Florida, and since the early 1990s, the Volunteers of the University of Tennessee. The University of South Carolinahas also become a "rival" since the hiring of Steve Spurrier as their head coach. The University of Florida and the Florida State University play for the Governor's Cup and began their series in 1958.cite news |url=http://tbo.com/sports/MGBLIVRP8GE.html |title=50 Things You Should Know About The UF-FSU Series |last=Johnston |first=Joey |publisher=" The Tampa Tribune" |date=20 November 2005 |accessdate-2008-09-09] The Gators currently lead the matchup 30-19-2 including three consecutive wins over the past three seasons.
The Gators' home stadium is
Ben Hill Griffin Stadiumat Florida Field, one of the largest and loudest football stadiums in the country. Florida Field was opened in 1930 and has been expanded several times to now hold over 90,000. The stadium is popularly known as "The Swamp," and was given the nickname by Steve Spurrierin the early 1990s, who quipped that "only the Gators get out alive." The Sporting News named Florida as the top college crowd in the nation and gave Florida Field the honor of the nation's loudest stadium. [ [http://www.gatorzone.com/insidefootball/?sub=facilities&page=swamp "The Swamp"] ] In 2007, Sports Illustratedranked Ben Hill Griffin Stadium as the third best college venue in the nation, and was the first overall for college football. [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/multimedia/photo_gallery/0707/campus.top10.venues/content.8.html SI 2007 college sports venue review] ]
Celebrating 100 years of Florida football, the Gators finished the 2006 regular season with a record of 13-1, capturing the
SEC Championshipwith a 38-28 victory over Arkansas at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia. Florida moved to second place in the Bowl Championship Seriesrankings and convincingly defeated the number one ranked Ohio State UniversityBuckeyes 41-14 for the BCS National Championshipon January 8, 2007, in Glendale, Arizona. Starting quarterback Chris Leakwas awarded the honor of being the game's Most Valuable Player. It was the Gators' second consensus national championship, and made UF the first school ever to hold the Division I men's basketball title and the BCS football title at the same time.
The UF men's
basketballsquad has also come to prominence in recent years. They went to the Final Fourin 1994 under coach Lon Kruger. Since 1996, they have been coached by Billy Donovan, who is credited with bringing national acclaim to the program. Donovan returned the Gators to the Final Four in 2000, and into the NCAA Championship game, where they lost to Michigan State. They won their first Southeastern Conference Tournament title in 2005, beating the University of Kentucky, their primary basketball rival. After repeating as SEC tournament champs in 2006, the Gators went on to win the first basketball National Championship in the history of the state of Florida, defeating the UCLA Bruins73–57 on April 3, 2006, at the RCA Domein Indianapolis, Indiana. Joakim Noahwas named MVP of the tournament.
The men's basketball team plays home games in the
Stephen C. O'Connell Center, popularly nicknamed the "O-Dome". The O'Connell Center was also nicknamed the "House of Horrors" in 1999 by ESPN Magazine, due to its reputation as one of the most intimidating venues in the country for opposing teams. [ [http://www.gatorzone.com/facilities/?venue=oconn&sport=vollb "Facilities @ Gatorzone"] Gatorzone.com] This 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena is located directly adjacent to the "The Swamp", Florida's football stadium, and has served in its capacity since opening in 1980. The student section of the O-Dome has been dubbed the "Rowdy Reptiles."
The Florida Gators routed the Arkansas Razorbacks 77-56 on March 11, 2007 to win the SEC tournament title for the third consecutive year. Florida joined Kentucky and Alabama as the only schools to have won three consecutive SEC Tournaments.
Florida defeated Ohio State 84–75 on April 2, 2007 at the
Georgia Domein Atlanta, Georgiato win the national championship for the second consecutive year; the first team to repeat since Duke in 1991–1992. The team became the first in history to win back-to-back championships with the same returning starting lineup. The 2007 football and men's basketball championships both came at the expense of the same school, Ohio State, and also defeated the Arkansas Razorbacksfor the SEC championshipin both football and basketball in the same academic year; neither of these events had occurred previously. They also became the first school to hold both the football and basketball championships at the same time (defeating Ohio State in 2007 & defeating UCLA in 2006) and in the same school year.
The University of Florida has more than 340,000 alumni. The alumni account for multiple
Nobel Prizewinners, eight U.S. Senators, over thirty-five U.S. Representatives, ten state governors, and five U.S. ambassadors, state supreme court judges, various federal courts judges. UF graduates have served at the head of such diverse and important institutions as the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, American Bar Association, the United States Marine Corps, the National Organization for Women, Burger King, NASCAR, the University of Central Florida, Florida State University, University of California at San Diego, University of Pennsylvania, and Miami University, also the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, the New York Yankees, Barnett Bank, and the Jim Walter Company.
Major corporations run by graduates include
Merrill Lynch, Northwest Airlines, Gartner, Deloitte & Touche, J. C. Penney, Reebok, Macy's, Scripps, Golin Harris International, Darden Restaurants, Avaya, Walt Disney, Publix Super Markets, The Richards Group, James B. Beam Distilling, and the Boston Red Sox. Major regulatory bodies such as the Federal Communications Commission, the Nuclear Regulatory Commissionand the Public Relations Society of Americahave had University of Florida alumni at the helm in recent years. In addition, UF has a history of twelve Rhodes Scholars. [Citation
title=CLAS Student Named Rhodes Scholar
Among the individuals who have attended or graduated from the University of Florida are actress
Faye Dunaway, "Price is Right" announcer Rich Fields, author Michael Connelly, nobel prize winners Marshall Nirenbergand Robert Grubbs, pilot Paul Tibbets, governor & senator Bob Graham,reporter Stephanie Abrams, musician Mel Tillis, poet Geri Doran, director Jonathan Demme, comedian Darrell Hammond, columnist Kiki Carter, congressman Adam Putnam, actor Stephen Root, sportscaster Jesse Palmer, television, film, and theatrical producer Scott Sanders (producer), senator & governor Lawton Chiles, TV personality Bob Vila, novelists Kate DiCamillo Carl Hiaasen, judges William Dimitrouleasand Harold Sebring, administrator Carol Browner, inventor John Atanasoff, astronaut & senator Bill Nelsonand the daughter of Dave Thomas, Wendy Thomas, the namesake of the food-chain Wendy'salso attended the University of Florida.
The University of Florida has also been home to over one hundred and twenty-five
Olympiansthroughout the years, nearly one hundred and fifty active and retired NFLfootball players and three Heisman Trophywinners, around thirty MLBbaseball players, thirty NBAbasketball players, and over forty PGA Tour& LPGAgolfers. Some famous University of Florida athletes include the all-time leading rusher Emmitt Smith, Hall of Fame football player Jack Youngblood, the tennis sensation Lisa Raymond, the golfer Tommy Aaron, the basketball star Joakim Noah, the baseball player David Eckstein, soccer players Abby Wambachand Heather Mitts, the swimmer Dara Torres, and the legendary coach Steve Spurrier. Bob Graham Beverly Perdue Joe Scarborough Emmitt Smith Faye Dunaway
Darrell Hammond Erin Andrews Paul Tibbets Nils J. Diaz
Individual awards won by UF faculty include a
Fields Medal, numerous Pulitzer Prizes, and NASA's top award for research and Smithsonian Institution's conservation award.Fact|date=August 2008 There are currently more than 60 Eminent Scholar chairs, and nearly 60 faculty elections to the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, or Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Medicine or a counterpart in a foreign nation. More than two dozen faculty are members of the National Academies of Science and Engineering and the Institute of Medicine or counterpart in a foreign nation.
University of Florida has had many financial supporters, but some stand out by the magnitude of their contributions.
Among those who have made large donations commemorated at the university are:
University of Florida Alumni Association
The Independent Florida Alligator
Florida Blue Key
University of Florida Press
List of University of Florida faculty
Ligature Design Symposium
University of Florida Taser incident
* [http://www.ufl.edu/ University of Florida]
* [http://www.gatorzone.com/ Official UF athletics site]
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