Participatory GIS

As defined by the participants in the " [ Mapping for Change International Conference (PGIS'05)] " which took place in Nairobi, Kenya in September 2005, Participatory GIS (PGIS) is an emergent practice in its own right; developing out of participatory approaches to planning and spatial information and communication management (Rambaldi and Weiner 2004). The practice is the result of a spontaneous merger of Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) methods with Geographic Information Technologies (GIT). PGIS combines a range of geo-spatial information management tools and methods such as sketch maps, Participatory 3D Models (P3DM), aerial photographs, satellite imagery, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to represent peoples’ spatial knowledge in the forms of virtual or physical, 2 or 3 dimensional maps used as interactive vehicles for spatial learning, discussion, information exchange, analysis, decision making and advocacy. Participatory GIS implies making GIT available to disadvantaged groups in society in order to enhance their capacity in generating, managing, analysing and communicating spatial information.

PGIS practice is geared towards community empowerment through measured, demand-driven, user-friendly and integrated applications of geo-spatial technologies. GIS-based maps and spatial analysis become major conduits in the process. A good PGIS practice is embedded into long-lasting spatial decision-making processes, is flexible, adapts to different socio-cultural and bio-physical environments, depends on multidisciplinary facilitation and skills and builds essentially on visual language. The practice integrates several tools and methods whilst often relying on the combination of ‘expert’ skills with socially differentiated local knowledge. It promotes interactive participation of stakeholders in generating and managing spatial information and it uses information about specific landscapes to facilitate broadly-based decision making processes that support effective communication and community advocacy.

If appropriately utilized, the practice could exert profound impacts on community empowerment, innovation and social change. More importantly, by placing control of access and use of culturally sensitive spatial information in the hands of those who generated them, PGIS practice could protect traditional knowledge and wisdom from external exploitation.

ee also

*Public Participation
* Public Participation GIS (PPGIS)
* Geographic information systems (GIS)
*Traditional knowledge gis
*Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM)

External links

* [ Open Forum on Participatory Geographic Information Systems and Technologies] - a global network of PGIS/PPGIS practitioners with Spanish, Portuguese and French-speaking chapters.
* [ The Aboriginal Mapping Network] supports aboriginal and indigenous peoples facing issues such as land claims, treaty negotiations and resource development.

* [ Integrated Approaches to Participatory Development (IAPAD)] - Provides information and case studies on Participatory 3-Dimensional Modelling (P3DM) practice.
* [ Village Earth] - Provides facilitation, consultation and training in for community-based mapping initiatives including mapping of indigenous territories, community census projects, community/government interactions.
* [ International Institute for Sustainable Development] - Provides online training in community-based mapping.
* [ Native Lands] works to protect biological and cultural diversity in Latin America, with a focus on Central America and southern Mexico.
* [ The Philippine Association for Inter-Cultural Development (PAFID)] uses Participatory 3D Modelling, GPS and GIS applications to support Indigenous Cultural Communities throughout the Philippines in claiming for their rights over ancestral domains.
* [ The Borneo Project] partners with communities and local organizations that document and map ancestral land claims.
* [ ERMIS Africa] builds capacities among local communities and development practitioners in using Participatory Geo-spatial Information Management Technologies.
*The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) supports the dissemination of good PGIS practice in ACP countries.

* [ Public Participation and GIS: Annotated Bibliography]
* [ Community Mapping, PGIS, PPGIS and P3DM Virtual Library]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM) — is a community based mapping method which integrates local spatial knowledge with data on elevation of the land and depth of the sea to produce stand alone, scaled and geo referenced relief models. Essentially based on local spatial knowledge,… …   Wikipedia

  • Participatory 3D modelling (P3DM) — Ogiek Peoples visualising their traditional spatial knowledge on a 1:10,000 scale participatory 3D model, Nessuit, Mau Forest Complex, Kenya Participatory 3D modelling (P3DM) is a community based mapping method which integrates local spatial… …   Wikipedia

  • Public Participation GIS — Public Participation Geographic Information Systems (PPGIS) was born, as a term, in 1996 at the meetings of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA). [ Sieber, R. 2006. Public Participation and Geographic Information… …   Wikipedia

  • Traditional knowledge GIS — Traditional knowledge Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are the data, techniques, and technologies designed to document and utilize local knowledges in communities around the world. Traditional knowledge is information that encompasses the… …   Wikipedia

  • Geographic information system — GIS redirects here. For other uses, see GIS (disambiguation). A geographic information system, geographical information science, or geospatial information studies is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present… …   Wikipedia

  • Web mapping — is the process of designing, implementing, generating and delivering maps on the World Wide Web and its product. While web mapping primarily deals with technological issues, web cartography additionally studies theoretic aspects: the use of web… …   Wikipedia

  • Public participation — is a political principle or practice, and may also recognised as a right (right to public participation). The terms public participation may be used interchangeably with the concept or practice of stakeholder engagement and/or popular… …   Wikipedia

  • Neogeography — literally means new geography (aka Volunteered Geographic Information), and is commonly applied to the usage of geographical techniques and tools used for personal and community activities or for utilization by a non expert group of… …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous Peoples of Africa Co-ordinating Committee — The Indigenous Peoples of Africa Co ordinating Committee (IPACC) was founded in 1997. It is one of the main trans national network organizations recognised as a representative of African indigenous peoples in dialogues with governments and bodies …   Wikipedia

  • Collaborative mapping — is the aggregation of web maps and user generated content, from a group of individuals or entities, and can take several distinct forms. Contents 1 Types 1.1 Shared surface 1.2 Overlays …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.