Blue baby syndrome


Blue baby syndrome

Blue baby syndrome (or simply, blue baby) is a layman's term used to describe newborns with cyanotic conditions, such as
*Cyanotic heart defects
**Tetralogy of Fallotcite web |url=http://www.jhu.edu/gazette/aprjun95/may3095/30blue.html |title=Hopkins pioneered 'blue baby' surgery 50 years ago 'I Remember ... Thinking It Was Impossible' |accessdate=2008-03-24 |format= |work=]
**Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries
**Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
*Methemoglobinemiacite web |url=http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg18925380.200-blue-baby-links.html |title=Blue baby links - 11 February 2006 - New Scientist |accessdate=2008-03-24 |format= |work=] cite web |url=http://www.ecifm.rdg.ac.uk/bluebabs.htm |title=Blue Baby Syndrome |accessdate=2008-03-24 |format= |work=]
*Respiratory distress syndrome

urgery

On November 29, 1944, the Johns Hopkins Hospital was the first to successfully perform an operation to relieve this syndrome.cite book |author=Thomas, Vivien T. |title=Partners of the Heart: Vivien Thomas and His Work With Alfred Blalock |publisher=University of Pennsylvania Press |location=Philadelphia |year=1998 |pages= |isbn=0812216342 |oclc= |doi=] The syndrome was brought to the attention of surgeon Alfred Blalock and his laboratory assistant Vivien Thomas in 1943 by pediatric cardiologist Helen Taussig, who had treated hundreds of children with Tetralogy of Fallot in her work at Hopkins' Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children. The two men adapted a surgical procedure they had earlier developed for another purpose, involving the anastomosis, or joining, of the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery, which allowed the blood another chance to become oxygenated. The procedure became known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt, although in recent years the contribution of Vivien Thomas, both experimentally and clinically, has been widely acknowledged.

References

External links

* [http://www.medicalarchives.jhmi.edu/page1.htm Blue Baby Operation]
* [http://www.hbo.com/films/stlm/ Something the Lord Made - HBO Movie on the Blue Baby Surgery]


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