Blepharochalasis

Blepharochalasis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 H02.3
ICD-9 374.34

Blepharochalasis is an inflammation of the eyelid that is characterized by exacerbations and remissions of eyelid edema, which results in a stretching and subsequent atrophy of the eyelid tissue resulting in redundant folds over the lid margins. It typically affects only the upper eyelids, and may be unilateral as well as bilateral.[1]

Contents

Pathophysiology

Blepharochalasis results from recurrent bouts of painless eyelid swelling, each lasting for several days. This is thought to be a form of localized angioedema, or rapid accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Recurrent episodes lead to thin and atrophic skin. Damage to the levator palpebrae superioris muscle causes ptosis, or drooping of the eyelid, when the muscle can no longer hold the eyelid up.

Causes

Blepharochalasis is idiopathic in most cases, i.e., the cause is unknown. Systemic conditions linked to blepharochalasis are renal agenesis, vertebral abnormalities, and congenital heart disease.

Epidemiology

It is encountered more commonly in younger rather than older individuals.

Complications

Complications of blepharochalasis may include conjunctival hyperemia (excessive blood flow through the moist tissues of the orbit), chemosis, entropion, ectropion, and ptosis.

Differential diagnosis

Dermatochalasis is sometimes confused with blepharochalasis, but these are two different conditions.

Treatment/Surgery

A surgeon trained to do eyelid surgery, such as a plastic surgeon or ophthalmologist, is required to decide and perform the appropriate surgical procedure. Following procedures have been described for blepharochalasis:

These are used to correct atrophic blepharochalasis after the syndrome has run its course.

References

  1. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. Page 515. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • BLEPHAROCHALASIS — (от греч. blepha ron веко и chalasis опускание, ослабление), ptosis atonica, характеризуется тем, что на обоих верхних веках истонченная, атрофичная кожа, через которую просвечивают расширенные сосуды (ангиомегалия), складывается в мелкие складки …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • blépharochalasis — ● blépharochalasis nom masculin (du grec khalasis, relâchement) Relâchement des tissus de la paupière supérieure, qui retombe en un large repli jusqu au rebord ciliaire, souvent observé chez les sujets âgés …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • blepharochalasis — A condition in which there is a redundancy of the skin of the upper eyelids so that a fold of skin hangs down, often concealing the tarsal margin when the eye is open. SYN: ptosis adiposa. [blepharo + G. chalasis, a slackening] * * * n. excessive …   Medical dictionary

  • Blepharochalasis — Ble|pha|ro|cha|la|sis die; <zu gr. chálasis »das Nachlassen; Erschlaffung«> Erschlaffung [u. Herabhängen] der Augenlidhaut (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • blepharochalasis — n. excessive eyelid skin resulting from recurrent episodes of oedema and inflammation of the eyelid. It occurs in young people, causing drooping of the lid. Compare: dermatochalasis …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • dermatolysis palpebrarum — blepharochalasis …   Medical dictionary

  • блефарохалазис — (blepharochalasis; блефаро + греч. chalasis расслабление) двусторонняя атрофия кожи верхних век, при которой она собирается в мелкие складки и свисает над краем века в виде мешка …   Большой медицинский словарь

  • Ascher syndrome — blepharochalasis occurring with goiter (adenoma of the thyroid) and redundancy of the mucous membrane and submucous tissue of the upper lip …   Medical dictionary

  • Eye disease — This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders. The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries called the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems or ICD …   Wikipedia

  • Blindness — This article is about the visual condition. For other uses, see Blindness (disambiguation). Blindness Classification and external resources A white cane, the international symbol of blindness ICD …   Wikipedia

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