name = Božidar Đelić
office = Deputy Prime Minister of Government of Serbia
May 15, 2007
birth_date = Birth date and age|1965|4|1|mf=y
party = Democratic Party
children = 2
residence = Belgrade, Serbia
alma_mater = Ph.D. in Economics
profession = Economist
website = http://www.djelic.net
Božidar "Boža" Đelić ( _sr. Божидар Ђелић), (born
April 1, 1965in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, now Serbia) is a Serbian economistand politician. He was the Serbian Minister of finance in the first post-Milošević government of Zoran Đinđićin 2001-2003, and vice-president of the government since May 2007, from the list of Democratic Party.
Early life and education
Đelić was born in Belgrade in 1965, as a single child.cite web|title=Banishing Balkan Ghosts: Bozidar Djelic and the Rebirth of a Nation|publisher=Harvard Business School Alumni Bulletin|url=http://www.alumni.hbs.edu/bulletin/2002/october/profile.html|author=Gerry Emons|date=2002-10-01] His parents
divorced soon after his birth, and went abroad in search of better prospects, while Božidar was raised by his mother-side grandparents. Đelić will later describe his grandmother Mileva as the strongest figure in his childhood. When his grandparents died in 1973, he moved to Paris to live with his mother and stepfather in Paris. When her small business collapsed, the family got into difficult situation, and Božidar had to help his practically bankrupt family, and earn for his living by dish and window washing, and to study in parallel.cite web|url=http://www.vreme.com/cms/view.php?id=304709|title=Jednog dana nismo imali ni za hleb|author= Dimitrije Boarov|publisher= Vreme|date=2002-01-03|language=Serbian] In 1980 and 1981, he won French national competitions for high-school students in history and economics.cite web|title=Božidar Đelić: Čuvar prazne kase|url=http://www.danas.co.yu/20021128/dijalog.htm#7|author=Vojislav Stevanović|date=2002-11-28|publisher= Danas]
He entered the
Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Parisand later Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commercialesin Paris where he graduated as a top student. In 1987 he received a double master's degreein economics at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. He eventually moved to the United States, where he completed an Master of Business Administrationat the Harvard Business Schooland specialized in macroeconomics and international relations at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. [http://www.dataprotection2003.info/program.html abc] ] His mentors were Alain Gomez, the chairman of Thomson SA, who taught him how to be a manager, and the economist Jeffrey Sachs, who took him along from Harvard to Warsaw and Moscow.cite web|title=L'étonnante popularité du ministre serbe des finances|url=http://www.lemonde.fr/cgi-bin/ACHATS/acheter.cgi?offre=ARCHIVES&type_item=ART_ARCH_30J&objet_id=777175
archiveurl=http://www.djelic.net/Site02/Strane_iz_stampe/eng/AstonishingPopularity.html|publisher=Le Monde|author=Rémy Ourdan|date=2002-10-19|archivedate=2006]
Đelić continued to work as an expert advisor for several
East European transitiongovernments on the issues of privatization, banking reform and macroeconomic reform : 1991-1992 in Poland(where he also assisted the establishment of the Warsaw Stock Exchange), 1992-1993 in Russiaas an advisor to Anatoly Chubais, and 1996 in Romaniacite web|url=http://www.djelic.net/Site02/Biografija/Biography.html|title=Biography|publisher=personal website|date-retrieved=2007-01-29] .
2000: return to Serbia
5th October Overthrowof Slobodan Milošević, his personal friend and leader of the expert group G17 Plus Miroljub Labusinvited him to help reviving country's devastated economycite web|url=http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/01_24/b3736619.htm|title=Online Extra: Q&A: Bozidar Djelic, Economic Magician?|author=Christopher Condon|publisher= BusinessWeekonline|date=2001-06-11] . On 13 November 2000, Đelić took an unpaid leave from McKinsey and arrived to Belgrade. He served as the main negotiator with IMF, Paris Cluband other financial institutions. After the parliamentary elections, in January 2001 he became the Minister of Finance. He got acquainted with Mlađan Dinkić, who held the position of the governor of the National Bank with whom he worked closely to clean up public finances and banking sector, stabilize the national currency, reduce budget deficit and level up the national economy. In just the first year, he managed to reduce the projected budget deficit from 4.5% to only 1.5%; in Serbian public, he got the joking nickname 'Boža Derikoža' (Boža the skinflint)cite web|url=http://www.g17plus.org.yu/english/files/press_clip/vreme1.html|title=Man of the Year 2002 - Mlađan Dinkić|publisher= Vreme/ G17 Pluswebsite|] . However, he was actually very popular in public: he was declared "person of the year" in 2001 by " Vreme" , placed first on the "Blic"'s ranking list of politicians in December 2002cite web|url=http://220.127.116.11/Develop/KoJeKo.nsf/html5|title=Biography|publisher=Ebart Media Documentation Center] , and included into the top 100 young leaders list of World Economic Forumand "Forbes" magazine in 2002cite web|url=http://www.danas.co.yu/20050524/dijalog1.html|title="Džek, a bankar"|publisher=Danas|date=2005-05-24] cite web|url=http://www.weforum.org/pdf/YGL/list05.pdf|title=Young Global Leaders Announced January 11, 2005|publisher= World Economic Forum|date=2005-01-11|format=PDF] .
A huge amount of job on reviving the country's ruined economy and bringing the chaotic finances and tax system into legal waters required an extreme effort: Đelić and his associates often worked to early morning hours. In November 2001, he led the negotiations with
Paris Club, resulting in 66% cut of the Serbia's debt.. Three rounds of negotiations with the London Clubhe led were more difficult, though: they would reach the ultimate success only in July 2004, during the mandate of Mlađan Dinkić, his successor on the post of the Minister of Finances [cite web|title=Londonski klub otpisao 62% duga|url=http://www.24x7.co.yu/default.aspx?cid=400&fid=300&pid=Reprogram_poslednjeg_velikog_duga_Srbije|date=2004-07-08 |publisher=24x7 Business News|language=Serbian] His team introduced fiscal cash registers at 200,000 points of sale, significantly reducing the tax evasion. Thorough fiscal reform of the country required preparation of over 50 new laws, including essential ones on budget, labor, customs, tax and public procurrement. He advocated aggressive privatization, and personally presided over privatization of Serbian tobacco factories by foreign multinationals BAT and Philip Morris. Numerous tough negotiations with trade unions and lobby groups often caused him to be seen with circles under the eyes. Đelić's team was also preparing the introduction of VAT, to replace the previous sales tax, ultimately introduced upon his leaving of the office, on 1 January 2005.
In late 2002, the rift between the
Vojislav Koštunica's Democratic Party of Serbiaand the remainder of ruling DOS, led by Zoran Đinđićdeepened, and the deteriorating political climate culminated in Zoran Đinđić assassinationon March 12 2003, after which a state of emergencywas introduced, and Zoran Živković took over the post of the Prime Minister. In 2003, Đelić's relationships with Mlađan Dinkić also deteriorated, which coincided with establishment of G17+ as a political party and its distancing from the remainder of DOS. Two strong personalities at the helm of national finances clashed, first on professional level, which spilled onto personal issues.cite web|url=http://www.ciaonet.org/pbei/tol/tol_2003/jul22-28/jul22-28_a.html|title=Clash of Reform Heavyweights|author=Ritter, Nicole; Gardner, Andrew; Becker, Jenny; Druker, Jeremy|publisher=Transitions Online|date=2003-07-28] : the main accusations on Đelić's account came from his controversial decision to, following the decision of the Supreme Court, immediately return €35 million worth tax on extraprofit to controversial Serbian tycoon Bogoljub Karićcite web|url=http://www.g17plus.org.yu/english/files/press_clip/blicnews1.html|title=G17+ Press release, Blic News] cite web|url=http://www.sina.org.yu/magazin-vest.php?id=21140|title=Đelić i okolo salata|publisher=Sina magazin|author= Dragoljub Žarković|date=2007-01-12|language=Serbian] . They often opposed each other publicly, and their June 2003 TV duel on state television RTS was one of highest viewed programmes for a time. The pressure on the job didn't help Đelić's personal life, either: he divorced from his wife Marie-Laure, who left Serbia and lives in Paris with their daughters Milena and Almacite web|url=http://www.kurir-info.co.yu/Arhiva/2005/avgust/30/V-02-30082005.shtml|title=Ženee...
After the fall of Živković's government on 2003 elections, Đelić withdrew for the politics. In May 2005, he became the manager for Southeastern Europe of the largest European bank
Crédit Agricole, which purchased 71% of shares of Meridian banka.
2006: return to politics
In late 2006, as the 2007 elections approached, Đelić returned into politics and became active on the Democratic Party's campaign. After it won 25.6% seats in the parliament, the party put him forward as their candidate for the prime minister. However, as difficult negotiations with supposed coalition partners
Democratic Party of Serbiaand G17+progressed, it became clear that it was not to be, as the incumbent prime minister Vojislav Koštunicademanded to keep the seat. Finally, only 4 days before the expiration of Constitutional deadline for formation of the government, the president Boris Tadićand Koštunica reached an agreement [cite web|title=SERBIA: A Government At Last|url=http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=37704|publisher=Inter Press Service News Agency] whereby the Koštunica would keep the post, and the Democratic Party would take the absolute majority of ministers in the government. Đelić took the post of the only deputy prime minister of the government, in charge of the integration with the European Union. [cite web|url=http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2007&mm=05&dd=15&nav_id=246707|title="Određeni kandidati za ministre"|publisher= B92|date=2007-05-15|language=Serbian]
* [http://www.djelic.net Personal page]
* [http://blog.b92.net/blog/6302 Blog at B92.net] sr icon
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