- Santa Cruz, Manila
Santa Cruz is located at the left bank of the
Pasig River, on the northern portion of the City of Manila, near the mouth of the river, in between the districts of Tondoand Quiapo. The district belongs to the 3rd congressional district of Manila in the Philippines.
panish colonial era
Prior to the arrival of the
Spanish conquistadorsto the Philippines, the district of Santa Cruz was partly a marshland, patches of greeneries, orchards and partly rice fields. A Spanish expedition in 1581 claimed the territory and awarded to the Society of Jesusor more commonly called the Jesuits.
The Jesuits built the first
Roman Catholic Churchin the area where the present Santa Cruz Parish stands on June 20, 1619. The Jesuits enshrined the image of the Our Lady of Pillarin 1643 to serve the pre-dominantly Chinese residents in the area. The image drew a lot of devotees and a popular cultgrew around it.
June 24, 1784, the King of Spaingave the deeds to about 2 km² of land that was part of the Hacienda de Mayhaligue to the San Lazaro Hospitalwhich served as a caring home for lepersin Manila at that time.
At the Santa Cruz Parish, a small park was built that linked the area into the headquarters of the Spanish
cavalry, the building that once was the College of San Ildefonso, operated by the Jesuits. The district in the Spanish times also had a slaughter house and a meat market and up north was the Chinese cemetery.
Franciscanfathers were given the responsibility to care for the lepers of the city and specifically the San Lazaro Hospital. A Fr. Felix Huertasdeveloped San Lazaro into a refuge for the afflicted and it became a famous home for those afflicted in the north side of the Pasig River.
World War II
World War II, the Japanese occupational forces caught unaware of the fast approaching American & Filipino liberation forces in 1945 from the north, abandoned the northern banks of the Pasig River including Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz and much of the northern portions of Manila were spared from the artillery bombardment and to date, a number of pre-World War II buildings and houses still stand in Santa Cruz.
When the Philippine republic was finally established in July 1946, the San Lazaro Hospital complex became the head office of the country’s Department of Health.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Santa Cruz — 1 Original name in latin Santa Cruz Name in other language State code BR Continent/City America/Fortaleza longitude 6.22944 latitude 36.02278 altitude 230 Population 27775 Date 2012 08 03 2 Original name in latin Santa Cruz Name in other language … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Santa Cruz, Laguna — Municipality of Santa Cruz Bayan ng Santa Cruz Municipality … Wikipedia
Santa Cruz River (Philippines) — Infobox River river name = Santa Cruz River image size = caption = origin = mouth = Easternmost shore of Laguna de Bay basin countries = Philippines length = elevation = mouth elevation = less than 2 meters above sea level discharge = watershed … Wikipedia
Battle of Santa Cruz (1899) — For the WWII battle of the same name see: Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Santa Cruz caption= partof=Philippine American War date=April 9 April 10, 1899 place=Santa Cruz, Laguna result=U.S. victory… … Wikipedia
Pulong Santa Cruz — Original name in latin Pulong Santa Cruz Name in other language Pulong Santa Cruz, Pulong Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz State code PH Continent/City Asia/Manila longitude 14.27324 latitude 121.07643 altitude 52 Population 101914 Date 2012 08 04 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Manila LRT Yellow Line — Metrorail Overview Type Rapid transit System … Wikipedia
Manila MRT Red Line — Infobox Public transit name = Manila Metro Rail Transit System Red Line imagesize = 100px locale = Metro Manila transit type = Rapid transit began operation = proposed system length = 16.95 km lines = 1 stations = 17 ridership = track gauge =… … Wikipedia
Manila North Cemetery — Coordinates: 14°37′45.17″N 120°59′18.29″E / 14.6292139°N 120.9884139°E / 14.6292139; 120.9884139 … Wikipedia
Manila Chinese Cemetery — Chong Hock Tong Temple (宗福堂) Liat See Tong Martyrs Hall The Manila … Wikipedia
Santa Ana — (spanisch und portugiesisch für „Heilige Anna“) bezeichnet: in Argentinien Santa Ana (Misiones), einen Ort in der Provinz Misiones Santa Ana (Jujuy), einen Ort in der Provinz Jujuy Santa Ana (Santa Fe), eine Stadt in der Provinz Santa Fee Santa… … Deutsch Wikipedia