The Vision of the Cross
"The Vision of the Cross" is a
paintingmade between 1520and 1524by assistants of the Italian renaissanceartist Raphael. After the master's death in 1520, Gianfrancesco Penni, Giulio Romanoand Raffaellino del Collefrom Raphael's workshop worked together to finish the commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms that are now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palacein the Vatican.
"The Vision of the Cross" is located in the "Sala di Costantino" ("Hall of Constantine"). In the painting, emperor
Constantine Iis seen just before the Battle of the Milvian Bridgeon October 28, 312. According to legend, a cross appeared to Constantine in the sky, after which he adopted the Latinmotto " In hoc signo vinces" ("In this sign you shall conquer"). In the fresco, the words are written in Greek: "Εν τούτω νίκα"" ("By this, conquer").
This Mannerist painting is a crowded and confused melee and melange of images, including a dragon, a dwarf, two popes, and various symbols. Proportions among the soldiers appear confused, with some dwarfed by more distant figures.
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