Roman Hinderer (in Chinese called Te) was a German Jesuit missionary in imperial China.
He was born at
Reiningen, near Mülhausenin Alsace(now Mulhouse and in France) on 21 September, 1668; died 24 August, 1744, at Shang-ho, in Kiang-nan. On 6 September, 1688 he joined the Society of Jesusand became a member of the German province, whence he went to China in 1707. Here Emperor K'ang-hiinvited him by personal request to collaborate in the great map and chart work in which the Jesuits, acting under imperial instructions, were then engaged. He laboured with Anne-Marie de Maillaand Jean-Baptiste Régison the mapping of the provinces of Ho-nan, Kiang-nan, Che-kiangand Fu-kien(cfr. Du Halde, "Description de la Chine", The Hague, 1736, I, pref., xliii; and Richthofen, "China," Berlin, 1877, I, 682). Hinderer, however, was not only a man of science, but also a missionary who for forty years laboured as an apostle and by his zeal and efficiency achieved substantial results. He was twice placed at the head of the mission as canonical visitor. He is especially remembered for his introduction and ardent fostering among the neophytes of the devotion to the Sacred Heart(cf. Nilles, "De ratione festorum SS. Cordis", 5th ed., I, 323; Letierze, "Etude sur le Sacré Coeur", Paris, 1891, II, 104).
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