A studio is a
artist's or worker's workroom, or an artist and his or her employees who work within that studio. This can be for the purpose of architecture, painting, pottery( ceramics), sculpture, photography, graphic design, cinematography, animation, radioor television broadcastingor the making of music.
etymologyfor the word "studio" is derived from the Italian word, from Latin "studium", from "studere", meaning to or zeal.
The French term for studio, atelier, in addition to designating an artist's studio is used to characterize the studio of a fashion designer. Atelier also has the connotation of being the home of an alchemist or wizard.
The studio of a successful artist, especially from the 15th to the 19th centuries, characterized all the assistants, thus the designation of paintings as "from the
workshopof..." or "studio of..."An art studio is sometimes called an atelier, especially in earlier eras. In contemporary, English language use, "atelier" can also refer to the Atelier Method, a training method for artists that usually takes place in a professional artist's studio.
Studio pottery is made by an individual potter working on his own in his studio, rather than in a ceramics factory (although there may be a design studio within a larger manufacturing site).
The term atelier also refers to a printmaking studio, where master printmakers, work collaboratively with painters & sculpters who want to make limited editions of their art using printing presses, such as lithography, gravure and screen printing.
Production studios are those studios which act as centres for the production in any of the
arts; alternatively they can also be the financial and commercial entity behind such endeavours. In Radio & TV the Production Studio is the place where programs and commercial advertising is recorded for further emission.
A movie studio is a company which develops, equips and maintains a controlled environment for the making of a
film. This environment may be interior ( sound stage), exterior ( backlot) or both.
Animationstudios, like movie studios, may be production facilities, or financial entities. In some cases, especially in Animethey continue the tradition of a studio where a Master or group of talented individuals oversee the work of lesser artists and crafts persons in realising their vision.
Artists, predominantly those producing
comics, still employ small studios of staff to assist in the creation of a comic strip, comic bookor graphic novel. In the early days of Dan Dare, Frank Hampsonemployed a number of staff at his studio to help with the production of the strip. Eddie Campbellis another creator who has assembled a small studio of colleagues to help him in his art, and the comic book industry of the United States has based its production methods upon the studio system employed at its beginnings.
A recording studio is a facility for
sound recordingwhich generally consists of at least two rooms: the studio or live room, and the control room, where the sound from the studio is recorded and manipulated. They are designed so that they have good acousticsand that there is good isolation between the rooms.
A television studio is an installation in which television or
videoproductions take place, either for live television, for recording live on tape, or for the acquisition of raw footagefor postproduction. The design of a studio is similar to, and derived from, movie studios, with a few amendments for the special requirements of television production. A professional television studio generally has several rooms, which are kept separate for noise and practicality reasons.
A radio studio is a room in which a radio program or show is produced, either for live broadcast or for recording for a later broadcast. The room is soundproofed to avoid unwanted noise being mixed into the broadcast.
A photographic studio is both a workspace and a corporate body. As a workspace it provides space to take, develop, print and duplicate photographs.
An audio/video recording studio specialized in the post-production stage for musical and/or video recordings (After the initial, first/rough draft or mix recording is complete). Tasks may include but not be limited to: editing, mixing, video post-production and
audio mastering, to produce a finished version ready for broadcast, replication and digital distribution. In music applications, a mastering studio may use different types of equipment and tools than the traditional production studios like: a frequency spectrum analyzer for accurate frequency band measurement, a phase scope to gauge stereo depth, etc.
Many universities are creating studio settings for courses outside the artist's realm. There are several different projects along these lines, most notably the
SCALE-UP(Student-Centered Active Learning Environment for Undergraduate Programs) initiated at NC State.
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Look at other dictionaries:
studio — [ stydjo ] n. m. • 1829; mot angl., de l it. « atelier d artiste », lat. studium « étude » 1 ♦ Atelier d artiste. Atelier de photographe d art. ♢ (1908) Ensemble des locaux aménagés pour les prises de vues cinématographiques. Un studio de cinéma … Encyclopédie Universelle
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