The Baptism of Constantine


The Baptism of Constantine

Painting_150px|



dim=300px
title=The Baptism of Constantine
artist=Gianfrancesco Penni
year=1517-1524
type=fresco
height=?
width=?
city=Vatican City
museum=Apostolic Palace

"The Baptism of Constantine" is a painting by assistants of the Italian renaissance artist Raphael. It was most likely painted by Gianfrancesco Penni, between 1517 and 1524.

After the master's death in 1520, Penni worked together with other members of Raphael's workshop to finish the commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms that are now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican. "The Baptism of Constantine" is located in the "Sala di Costantino" ("Hall of Constantine"). In the painting emperor Constantine I is seen shortly before his death, kneeling down to receive the sacrament from Pope Sylvester I in the Baptistery of the Lateran. The painter has given Sylvester the traits of Clement VII, the Pope who had ordered the frescoes to be finished, after the work was interrupted during the papacy of Hadrian VI.

While attempting the control and serenity typical of the High Renaissance, the crowded scene demonstrates the Mannerist tendency towards complexity and discordance.


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