- Guanche language
region=Limited to the islands
extinct=? Possibly around the 18th century
Guanche is an
extinct language, which used to be spoken by the Guanchesof the Canary Islandsuntil the 16th or 17th century. It is only known today through a few sentences and individual words recorded by early travellers, supplemented by several placenames, as well as some words assimilated into the Canary Islanders' dialects of Spanish. Relationships with other languages have therefore been difficult to determine with certainty; however, most linguists consider Guanche to be related to the Berber languages. [Andrew Dalby, "Dictionary of Languages", 1998, p. 88 "Guanche, indigenous language of the Canary Islands, is generallythought to have been a Berber language."] [Bynon J., "The contribution of linguistics to history in the field of Berber studies." In: Dalby D, (editor) "Language and history in Africa" New York: Africana Publishing Corporation, 1970, p 64-77.]
The name "Guanche" originally meant "man from Tenerife"Fact|date=February 2007, and only later did it come to refer to all native inhabitants of the Canary Islands. Although different dialects were spoken across the archipelago, they are all thought to be varieties of the same language.
Archaeological finds on the Canaries include both Libyco-Berber and Punic inscriptions in rock carvings, although early accounts stated the Guanches themselves did not possess a system of writing.
The first reliable account of Guanche language was provided by Genovese explorer
Nicoloso da Reccoin 1341, with a translation of the numbers from 1-16 used by the inhabitants of one island, possibly Fuerteventura. Recco's account reveals a base-10 counting system with strong similarities to Berber numbers.
Silbo, originally a whistled form of Guanche speech used for communicating over long distances, was used on
La Gomera, El Hierro, Tenerife, and Gran Canaria.As the Guanche language became extinct, a Spanish version of Silbo was adopted by some inhabitants of the Canary Islands.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=gnc Ethnologue Report for Guanche]
* [http://webpages.ull.es/users/jbarrios/pdf/tesis2004.pdf José Barrios: Sistemas de numeración y calendarios de las poblaciones bereberes de Gran Canaria y Tenerife en los siglos XIV-XV] (PhD Dissertation, 1997)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Guanche — may refer to:*Guanches, a people of the Canary Islands *Guanche language … Wikipedia
language — Synonyms and related words: Abnaki, Afghan, Afghani, Afrikaans, Afro Asiatic, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian, Algonquin, Amharic, Anatolian, Anatolic, Andaman, Annamese, Anzanite, Apache, Arabic, Aramaic, Araucanian, Arawak,… … Moby Thesaurus
Guanche — ISO 639 3 Code : gnc ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
Shilha language — This article is about the Berber language of Southwestern Morocco exclusively. For other languages or dialects referred to as Shilha , see Shilha (disambiguation). Shilha Tacelḥit Spoken in Morocco Region High Atlas, Anti Atlas, Souss … Wikipedia
Siwi language — Siwi Siwi, Žlan n Isiwan Spoken in Egypt Region Siwa Oasis, Gara Oasis Native speakers 15,000 … Wikipedia
Shawiya language — Shawia θšawiθ Spoken in Algeria Region Aurès ( Batna, Khenchela, Oum El Bouaghi, Souk Ahras, Tébessa) Native speakers … Wikipedia
Shenwa language — Shenwa Haqbaylit̠ Spoken in Algeria Region Mt. Chenoua, wilaya of Tipasa Native speakers 4,764 (date missing) … Wikipedia
Nafusi language — Nafusi Spoken in Libya Native speakers 184,000 incl. Zuara, 210,000 incl. Zuara Tunisian Berber (date missing) Language family Afro Asiatic Berber … Wikipedia
Mozabite language — Mozabite تومزابت Tumẓabt Spoken in Algeria Region M zab (wilaya of Ghardaïa) Ethnicity Mozabite … Wikipedia
Wargli language — Ouargli Twargrit (Təggargrənt, Təggəngusit) Spoken in Algeria Region Ouargla, N Goussa Native speakers 5,000 (1995) … Wikipedia