Hamline University

Infobox University
name = Hamline University


motto = Religio, Literae, Libertas
established = 1854
type = Private Liberal Arts University
head_label = President
head = Linda N. Hanson
city = Saint Paul
state = MN
country = USA
undergrad = 1,872
postgrad = 662 Law School
postgrad_label = 1505 other postgraduate
faculty = 106 full time, 85 part time
free_label = Endowment
free = US $152.5 million (10/2004)
campus = Urban (residential), 44 acres
mascot = The Piper
colors = Burgundy and gray
website = [http://www.hamline.edu www.hamline.edu]

Hamline University is the first university in Minnesota. It is a private coeducational institution founded in 1854 with a primary campus located in the Midway district of Saint Paul. Hamline has a total enrollment of approximately 4,600 students, including a College of Liberal Arts, School of Business, the Hamline University School of Law and other Graduate Studies programs. Hamline is ranked first in Minnesota and ninth [cite web|url=http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/masters-midwest-search |title=Master's Universities (Midwest) Rankings - Best Colleges - Education - US News and World Report |publisher=Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com |date= |accessdate=2008-10-09] among 137 universities in the U.S Best Universities-Master’s Midwest category by "U.S. News and World Report".

A student newspaper called "The Oracle" is published weekly. The university is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. [cite web|url=http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/about_hamline/about_hamline.html |title=About Hamline |publisher=Hamline.edu |date= |accessdate=2008-10-09] The liberal arts college has The Pied Piper of Hamelin as its mascot.

History

Infobox_nrhp | name =University Hall-Old Main, Hamline University
nrhp_type =


caption =
location=1536 Hewitt Avenue Saint Paul, Minnesota
lat_degrees = 44
lat_minutes = 57
lat_seconds = 57
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 93
long_minutes = 9
long_seconds = 56
long_direction = W
locmapin =
area =
built =1883
architect= Warren H. Hayes
architecture= Ruskinian Victorian Gothic
added = September 22, 1977
governing_body = Private
refnum=77000767cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service] cite book|title=The National Register of Historic Places in Minnesota|last=Nord|first=Mary Ann|publisher=Minnesota Historical Society|date=2003|isbn=0-87351-448-3]

Red Wing Location (1854-1869)

Hamline University was named in honor of Leonidas Lent Hamline, a bishop of the Methodist Church whose interest in the frontier led him to donate $25,000 toward the building of an institution of higher learning in what was then the territory of Minnesota. Today a statue of Bishop Hamline sculpted by the late professor of art Michael Price stands on campus. The University of Minnesota is disputably older (having been chartered in 1851), although it did not begin enrolling students until 1857. [Nute Lee., Grace "In Hamline Halls 1854-1954" (St. Paul, MN: Hamline University, 1987), 3 ] Hamline is also distinct for being founded as a coeducational institution, a rarity in nineteenth-century America.

Hamline’s first home was in Red Wing, Minnesota. The school’s charter stipulated that Hamline should be located “at some point on the Mississippi between St. Paul and Lake Pepin.” The city of Red Wing pledged about $10,000 to enable construction of a building and the beginning of an endowment, and also donated a tract of land on a hillside overlooking the Mississippi River. [Johnson W., David. "Hamline University: A History 1854-1994" (St. Paul, MN: Hamline University Press, 1994), 4 ]

The first classes were held in rooms housed on the second floor of the village general store while the construction of the classroom building was in progress. Classes were in the second term when students moved into the Red Wing building in January 1856. The original building contained a chapel, recitation rooms, a school room, a library, laboratory, reading rooms, and dormitory quarters. Seventy-three students enrolled at Hamline in the opening year.

The catalog lists them separately as “Ladies and Gentlemen,” but most of them were children or adolescents. All were enrolled in either the primary or the preparatory department. There was no collegiate division – the frontier had not yet produced students ready for college. Tuition ranged from $4.00 to $6.66 per term. The collegiate program was introduced in 1857, and in 1859 Hamline graduated its first class. [Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966., 16]

With the start of the American Civil War, enrollment in the college division dropped from 60 to 16 in one year. There was no graduating class in 1862. Records indicate that 119 Hamline men served in the Union armies during the war. In 1869, the university shut down. The first building at the Red Wing site was torn down in 1872. [Pace Nelson., Charles. "Hamline University" (Minneapolis: Lund Press, INC., 1939), 23]

aint Paul Campus (1880-1914)

It had been expected that Hamline would reopen on a new site within two years after the closing at Red Wing; however, indecision in the selection of a new site caused a delay. In the end, a 77-acre Saint Paul prairie plot halfway between the downtowns of Minneapolis and Saint Paul was selected. Construction began in 1873, but by then an economic depression had overtaken the planners, and there were repeated postponements and delays. University Hall, begun in 1873, was constructed in installments as money came in, and was not completed until the summer of 1880. [Nute Lee., Grace. "In Hamline Halls", 111]

The doors opened on September 22, 1880, and Hamline’s history in Saint Paul began. [Johnson W., David "Hamline University A History" (St. Paul, MN: North Central Publishing Company, 1980), 20] The catalog for that year lists 113 students, with all but five of them being preparatory students. Tuition in the collegiate division was $30 per year. Two degrees were offered at the time: the B.A. and the B.S. In 1883, the bachelor of philosophy degree replaced the B.S., and remained in use until 1914, when the faculty dropped the PhB. and restored the B.S. degree.

On February 7, 1883, University Hall, barely two years old, burned to the ground. [St. Paul "Daily Globe", February 8, 1883 ] To replace the structure, plans for a new University Hall were prepared. Eleven months later, the new structure, the present Old Main, was completed. Emergency space for classrooms was provided by Ladies’ Hall, which had opened in 1882. ["The Minnesota Methodist and Hamline Review", I (June, 1882)] Other new construction included Science Hall, which was completed in 1887, the Carnegie library in 1907, and the new gymnasium, which was completed in 1909. [Alumni Directory Hamline University 1854-1966 (St. Paul, MN, 1966), 22.]

World War I and Postwar Years (1915-1929)

When World War I came in April 1917, track and baseball schedules for spring were cancelled when enlistments and applications of officers’ training depleted the teams. Hamline was designated one of 38 colleges in the country to supply men for ambulance work in France. Twenty-six men were selected for the unit and served in France with the 28th Division of the French Army. [Osborn L., Henry "Hamline University in the World War" (St. Paul, MN, 1920)] In the fall of 1918, a unit of the Students’ Army Training Corps was established at Hamline and almost every male student became an enlisted member. The Science Hall was used for military purposes, with the basement becoming the mess hall and the museum and several classrooms being marked for squad rooms and sleeping quarters. The campus became an army post; the bugle replaced the class bell. [Nute Lee., Grace "In Hamline Halls", 216]

The Great Depression and World War II (1930-1945)

The Great Depression and World War II created significant challenges for Hamline. The most difficult were the years in the early 1930s, in which the repercussions of the depression were intensified by conflicts over internal reorganization. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History, 109]

The problems of the depression centered on reduced income. Increased enrollments reflected the belief that it was better for students to be in college than to be sitting at home in idleness and despair. The college tried to help by providing jobs and financial aid and lowering charges for tuition and room and board.Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966. (St. Paul, MN: 1966), 74]

Jobs of any kind were at a premium, with the most prized being board jobs in the Manor House and at the Quality Tea Room on Snelling Avenue. Also in top demand were board and room jobs for women in private homes. In the meantime, the portion of the college endowment invested in farmlands turned unproductive and the university's income fell following reductions in tuition. All of this led to annual deficits and substantial cuts in faculty salaries. It was not until 1935 that Hamline began to recover from the depression.

During the war years, Hamline’s enrollment held above 600, except in 1943 and 1944. Although males registrations dropped as men entered the armed services, the women's enrollment increased as nursing students arrived. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History, 108]

A new venture was launched in 1940 when Hamline and the Asbury Methodist Hospital of Minneapolis established the Hamline-Asbury School of Nursing, which offered a five-year program leading to a bachelor of science in nursing.

Hamline moved with a growing trend to provide academic training for women preparing for careers in nursing. A three-year program leading to a diploma in nursing was also offered. In 1949, the Mounds-Midway School of Nursing joined the school, and the newly-enlarged institution took the name of the Hamline University School of Nursing. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History, 120]

Post World War II (1946 – 1966)

A flood of veterans entered or returned to college after World War II under the G.I. Bill of Rights. The first reached the campus in the fall of 1946, when registrations passed 1,000 for the first time. Enrollment reached a new high in 1949 when 1,452 students, including 289 in the School of Nursing, registered for classes. [Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966., 119 ]

The School of Nursing, which had been an integral part of Hamline since 1940 and had won wide recognition for the excellence of its program, was discontinued in 1962 following a decision to concentrate resources and staff on the liberal arts program. The last class in the three-year program graduated in 1960 and the last class in the degree program graduated in 1962. A total of 447 women completed the degree program, and 758 women finished the three-year program.

After World War II, two new residence halls were built -- Drew Residence for men and Sorin Hall for women. A new fine arts center was completed in 1950, and the Drew Hall of Science was dedicated in 1952. The old science building was taken over by the social science and other departments and was renamed Social Science Hall. In 1963, the A.G. Bush Student Center was completed, and at the time, its modern facilities made it at once the social, recreational, and cultural center of the campus. [Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966., 121]

Throughout this period, buildings were enlarged or remodeled to keep pace with new needs and standards. Wings were added to the Manor House and Drew Residence. The seating capacity of the library was increased to 100 with the completion of a new periodical room, and the old student union was remodeled and turned into a laboratory with classrooms and office space for the language departments. In the summer of 1966, extensive alterations and improvements were made in Norton Field House and in the theatre of the fine arts center. [Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966., 123 ]

Between 1953 and 1966, faculty members received grants totaling more than $600,000 for special education and research programs. [Alumni Directory: Hamline University; 1854-1966., 124 ]

New Academic Publications (1966–1987)

Hamline broke ground in May 1970 for the $2.6 million Bush Memorial Library. The library, a three-story, convert|83210|sqft|m2|sing=on building housing some 240,000 volumes, opened in the fall of 1971. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History, 252]

The Paul Giddens Alumni Learning Center, linked to the Carnegie library and named for a former university president, opened in October 1972. The social science and humanities divisions and the department of education are now housed within the center, which also contains classrooms, study areas, and laboratories.

The university began construction on a new $4 million law school building in January 1979, which was dedicated in October 1980. The Hamline School of Law had received accreditation from the American Bar Association several years earlier in 1975. [American Bar Association: Approved Law Schools by Year. http://www.abanet.org/legaled/approvedlawschools/year.html (accessed: 10/08/08)]

The law school began publishing the Hamline Law Review in 1978 and a second student-edited journal in the spring of 1980 -- the Journal of Minnesota Public Law (since 1986, it has been known as the Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy). In 1983, in collaboration with the Council on Religion and Law at Harvard University Divinity and Law Schools, the Hamline School of Law launched a faculty-edited journal, the Journal of Law and Religion. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History 1854-1994., 292]

After the Charles M. Drew Fine Arts Center opened in 1950, Hamline began to gradually acquire a permanent art collection, especially after Paul Smith became chair of the department of fine arts in 1965. By 2003, the permanent collection included more than 600 original works of art. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History 1854-1994., 227]

New Construction and Discoveries (1988–2003)

The $1.3 million Sundin Music Hall opened in October 1989. On May 9, 1991, the Orem Robbins Science Center was dedicated. The center became the home of the biology, chemistry, and physics departments. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History 1854-1994., 339-340]

Old Main, the campus landmark, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places; Old Main was renovated during the summer of 1978 and again after a fire on September 2, 1985, caused $10,000 in damage. In October 1990, workers began a $290,000 renovation. They removed and rebuilt a convert|24|ft|m|sing=on-high section of the tower, covered the 106-year old building with new concrete shingles, and installed a four-sided clock in the tower. In 1993, an electric carillon was added to the tower that can ring a bell and play selected music. [Johnson W., David. Hamline University: A History 1854-1994., 340]

Hamline broke ground on September 27, 1996, for the $5.6 million, convert|44000|sqft|m2|sing=on Law and Graduate Center/Conference Center, which was dedicated on October 10, 1997. Hamline began construction on a $7.7 million student apartment building at 1470 Englewood for 142 graduate and law students on September 29, 1998. The building was completed in 2000, in time for students to move in for the fall term. [Historical Hamline: Modern Architecture http://www.hamline.edu/150/6historical_hamline/modernarch.html (accessed: 10/08/08)] After four years of planning, ground was broken on October 18, 1996, for a $8.5 million sports, recreation, and health complex named the Lloyd W. D. Walker Fieldhouse, though construction did not begin until the following spring. The completed fieldhouse, at Snelling and Taylor, opened on September 10, 1998. Klas Center, a modern, $7.1 million multi-use facility which includes the football field and a track, was built in 2003 to replace the aging Norton Field. [Hamline University: Klas Field. http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/athletics/facilities/klas_center.html (accessed: 10/08/08)] As the campus was transformed by construction projects, attention turned to Hamline's roots in the summer of 1996. An archaeological dig headed by John McCarthy of the Institute of Minnesota Archaeology and anthropology professor Skip Messenger began at the site of Hamline's original building in Red Wing. The three-story brick building, constructed in 1855 and open in time for classes to begin in January 1856, closed in 1869 and was demolished in 1871. Since few records exist from that time, the exact location and dimensions of the original building were unknown until the archaeological dig. The dig found that the original building's foundation was insufficient for its size, leading to speculation that structural problems might have contributed to the building's closing and eventual demolition. [Johnson, Chip. "Raising School Spirits an Archaelogical Dig Uncovers Items for Hamline University's Past Life in Red Wing" Pioneer Press, METRO; Pg. 1B. (August 10, 1996 Saturday METRO FINAL EDITION)]

A New Era and Schools (2004-Present)

In 2004, Hamline celebrated its 150th anniversary. Throughout the year, every department held a public event related to the anniversary. The slogan for the event was "Looking back. Thinking forward." [Hamline Unviersity: 150th Anniversary. http://www.hamline.edu/150/index.html (accessed: 10/08/08)]

In July 2005, Linda N. Hanson became Hamline’s 19th president. Hanson is also Hamline’s first woman president. Prior to coming to Hamline, Hanson was the president the College of Santa Fe. [Hamline University http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/offices_services/administration/president/hanson_bio.html (accessed: 10/08/08)]

In April 2008, the Hamline School of Business was announced. The new school will encompass both undergraduate business students as well as the university’s new graduate program. The Hamline School of Business will offer classes on both its Saint Paul and Minneapolis campuses. [Hamline University. (April 23, 2008). Hamline Announces Launch of School of Business. Retrieved May 10, 2008, from Hamline University News.]

Hamline by the Numbers

U.S. News Ranking: Universities–Master's (Midwest), 9 out of 142 [U.S. News. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/masters-midwest-search (accessed: 10/08/08)]

Tuition and fees: $26,174 [U.S. News. hhttp://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/items/2354 (accessed: 10/08/08)]

Room/board: $7,610 [U.S. News. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/items/2354 (accessed: 10/08/08)]

chools and Colleges

* College of Liberal Arts [http://www.hamline.edu/cla/index.html]
* Graduate School of Education [http://www.hamline.edu/gse/index.html]
* Graduate School of Liberal Studies [http://www.hamline.edu/gls/index.html]
* Hamline University School of Law
* Hamline University School of Business

Athletics

Hamline University calls itself the "birthplace of intercollegiate basketball." In 1893 then-Athletic Director Ray Kaighn, who had played on James Naismith's very first basketball team, brought the sport to the university when it was barely a year old. A women's program was organized two years later. On February 9, 1895 Hamline hosted the first intercollegiate basketball game in history when the Minnesota State School of Agriculture (now the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota) defeated Hamline by a score of 9-3. The game was played in the basement of the university's old science building using Naismith's original "peach basket" rules, and featured nine players to each side. [Hamline University: Hutton Arena. http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/athletics/facilities/hutton_arena.html (accessed: 10/08/08)]

Hamline was once known for the strength of its basketball program, with the university considered to be a national power in the sport from the 1930s to the 1950s. Hamline produced a number of NBA players during this time, including Hall of Famer Vern Mikkelsen. Then-head coach Joe Hutton, Sr. (1931-65) was once offered and turned down a chance to coach the Minneapolis Lakers.Hamline University Athletic News http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/athletics/index.html (accessed: August 8, 2008)]

"Men's Basketball" [Hamline University: Men's Basketball Tradition http://www.hamline.edu/hamline_info/athletics/mens_basketball/tradition.html (accessed: 10/08/08]

The program's 1,154 total victories ranks as the 23rd winningest team in NCAA Division III history (as of the 2004-05 season).

*NAIA National Champions: 1942, 1949 and 1951

*NAIA runner-ups: 1953

*NCAA Division III Semifinalist: 1977 (Finished in fourth place)

*NCAA Division III Quarterfinalist: 1975

*NCAA Division III All-Tournament Selection: Phil Smyczek, 1977

*NCAA Division III Academic All-Americans: Paul Westling, 1986; John Banovetz, 1989

*University is a member of the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (MIAC).


=Recent Hamline Athletic Accolades=

"Men’s Ice Hockey"

Hamline captured its first MIAC hockey championship in six decades in 2008. Two members of the championship team, Dustin Fulton and Joe Long, were Division III All-Americans.

"Men’s Cross Country"

Ian Bauer was named all conference and team mvp. Jamison Hull ran a pr of 27:39 at regions. The team also finished third in the MIAC and was 5th out of 34 teams at the Roy Griak Invitational during the 2007 season. The team finished 7th in the NCAA Division III championships in 2005. The team is currently ranked 17th in the NCAA Division III.

"Men’s Track and Field"

Hamline head coach Lynden Reder was named the MIAC Coach of the Year in 2008. The Hamline team also sent two throwers, Derek Synan-Peterson and Jon Helm, to the Division III national meet. As a whole, the team finished third in the MIAC.

"Women’s Fastpitch Softball"

In 2008, the women’s softball team finished 2nd in the MIAC tournament and three members -- shortstop Sophie Davidson, centerfielder Jourdan Ulrich, and catcher Ashley Anderberg -- earned all-region honors.

"Women’s Gymnastics"

During the 2008 season, four Pipers -- Kristen Weniger, Ali Clausen, Brynn Stenslie, and Sarah Prosen -- went to the Division III national meet. Sarah Prosen and Brynn Stenslie were named All-Americans.

References

External links

* [http://www.hamline.edu/ Official site]
* [http://www.hamline1925.blogspot.com/ In 2005, artist John C. Ralston painted the 1925 senior class of Hamline University]


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