Vickers Tank Periscope MK.IV

Vickers Tank Periscope MK.IV

The Vickers Tank Periscope MK.IV, invented by Polish engineer Rudolf Gundlach, was first patented in 1936 as "Gundlach Peryskop obrotowy". It was the first device to allow the tank commander to have a 360-degree view from his turret. The main advantage of this was that the tank commander no longer had to turn his head in order to look backwards.

The design was first used in the Polish 7-TP light tank. Shortly before the war it was given to the British and was used in most tanks of WWII, including the British "Crusader", "Churchill", "Valentine", and "Cromwell" and the American "Sherman". The design was later copied and used extensively in tanks of the USSR (including the T-34 and T-70) and Germany.

It was first implemented in TKS and 7TP Polish tanks. As a part of Polish-British pre-war military cooperation, patent was sold to Vickers-Armstrong. It was produced as Vickers Tank Periscope MK.IV (pictured), and build into all British tanks (Crusader, Churchill, Valentine, Cromwell). After fall of Poland, Germany, USSR and Romania captured some equipment, allowing them to copy the invention. In USSR Gundlach periscope was known as MK-4 and implemented in all tanks (including the T-34 and T-70). All Axis tanks and APC (including tanks of Italy, Romania, Hungary, Finnland and Japan) were equipped or retro-fitted with this periscope till 1941. Later technology was transferred to USA and as a periscope M6 implemented in all US tanks (M3/M5 Stuart, M4 Sherman and others). In the end of WWII technology was adopted thorough whole world.

See also

* periscope

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Periscope — For the 1916 French film, see Le périscope. Principle of the periscope. The periscope on the left uses mirrors whereas the right uses prisms. a Mirrors b Prisms c Observer s eye …   Wikipedia

  • Churchill tank — Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Tank, Infantry Mk IV Churchill IV (75mm) Type Infantry tank Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Cromwell tank — Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M) Cromwell held in a Museum Type Cruiser tank Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Valentine tank — Infobox Weapon name=Tank, Infantry, Valentine, Mk I XI caption= origin=UK type=Infantry tank is vehicle=yes is UK=yes used by=British Army, Red Army designer= design date=1938 manufacturer=Vickers Armstrong and others service= 1940 wars=Second… …   Wikipedia

  • Challenger 2 tank — infobox Weapon is vehicle=yes name=FV 4034 Challenger 2 caption=Challenger 2 Tank type=Main battle tank origin=United Kingdom is UK=yes used by=British Army, Oman Army service= 1998 present wars= Iraq War designer= designed=1990s manufacturer=… …   Wikipedia

  • Crusader tank — For the US self propelled gun, see XM2001 Crusader. Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI, Crusader A Crusader II tank in the Western Desert, 2 October 1942. Image: Imperial War Museum, London …   Wikipedia

  • Rudolf Gundlach — (1894 1957) was a Polish engineer, inventor and tank designer. He headed the design division of the Armored Weapons Development Office ( Biuro Badań Technicznych Broni Pancernych ).He was the chief designer of the Ursus wz. 29 armored car and… …   Wikipedia

  • Polish contribution to World War II — Campaign name=Main engagements of Polish forces during World War II battles=Westerplatte – Mokra – Bzura – Enigma – Narvik – France Battle of Britain – Tobruk Crusader – Gazala – Dieppe – Tunisia Lenino – Monte Cassino Caen Osuchy – Ostra Brama – …   Wikipedia

  • M4 Sherman — Medium Tank M4 An M4A3E8 76 mm armed Sherman tank made during the Second World War Type …   Wikipedia

  • Mark IV — or Mark 4 often refers to the fourth version of a product, frequently military hardware. Mark , meaning model or variant , can be abbreviated Mk. Mark IV or Mark 4 can specifically refer to: Contents 1 In technology 1.1 In military and weapon …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.