- Paraguarí Department
Paraguarí is a department in
Paraguay. The capital is the city of Paraguarí.
The department is divided in 17 districts:
# General Bernardino Caballero
# La Colmena
# San Roque González de Santa Cruz
The territory it occupies this department is located in a valley formerly called "Yarigua'a" that was part of the mission of Jesuit priests in the era of colonization.
In the area were settled numerous villages whose inhabitants had indoctrination of priests and chaplains who were responsible for directing the agricultural and livestock activities.
Part of the territory was occupied also by the Dominican missionaries who were responsible people "Tavapy" with black people.
At the end of the
XVI century, the franciscanmissionaries founded the city of Yaguarón with indigenous Guarani.
The development of the newborn population was consolidated in the seventeenth century and civilians took shape in the eighteenth century. This was followed foundations on which today form part of this department. In
1725the city was founded Carapeguá, in the year 1733was founded Quiindy, in 1766saw the founding of Ybycuí, in 1769, Pirayú, was in 1775founded the current capital of the department: Paraguarí. Follow the list of successive foundations, in 1776, was founded Quyquyhó, the cities of Ybytimíand Acahayin the year 1783and was founded in 1787 Caapucú.
During the government of Don
Carlos Antonio Lópezthis territory was benefited with the opening of railways in the year 1854. Once the War of the Triple Alliance, the tracks came up Villarrica, or that generated the founding of new cities like Cerro León, Escobar, Sapucaiand General Bernardino Caballero.
Over time, people formed two lines, which were on the brink of the route and those who were along the tracks railroad. This situation contributed to that in 1906 will form two separate departments, on the one hand the department
Quiindywith the cities of Paraguarí and routers that was formed by the towns of Carapegua, Tavapy, General Bernardino Caballero, Escobar, Yaguarón, Pirayú, Ypacaraíand Itauguá, the latter two belonging to the department at present Central.
1945the division policy is being changed definitively established the department of Paraguarí IX as it is currently.
Paraguarí is located southwest of the eastern region, between parallels 25 ° 25 'and 26 º and 30' south latitude and between the meridian 56 º 35 'and 57 ° 40' west.
To the south, and department Misiones.
At This borders on the departments of Guairá and
Paraguarí has a rich variety of soils in the landscape, elevated to the north and hills that are formed by landslides in the mountains of Senior. Towards the downtown area and southwest owns land flat and undulating valley covered with vast grassland good for livestock.
In this department are the hills Mbatovi and
Ybycuí. It also has smaller hills as the height of Pirayú, Azcurra, León, Paraguarí and Jhu.
The river tributaries flow into Tebicuary Paraguarí and rivers Tebicuarymí and the stream Mbuyapey bathe their coasts.
Another aspect is located in this area of the lake and the lagoon Ypo, seen, forming streams Ca'añabé, Aguai'y.
In the summer, the maximum temperature reached is 39 °C and the minimum in winter is 2 °C. The average annual temperature is 21 °C.
Media and pathways
Previously, the main channel of communication was the rail Carlos Antonio López and the route I Mcal. Lopez has branches that extend into the cities of
Piribebuy, Carapegua- Ybycuí, Caapucú- Mbuyapeyand Mbuyapey-Ybycui. Currently, the railroad has stopped working.
Paraguarí has airstrips for small air machines.
As for the media radio, there are amplitude modulation stations such as Radio Frequency Modulated and 1000, radio Ybyty Rok, Pan American, Yaguarón, Oda, Mensajera, and Carapeguá Colmenar.
This department is rich in livestock production. Its inhabitants are principally engaged in raising cattle and pigs, on a smaller scale are breeding sheep, horses and goats.
Poultry production also occupies an important place in production, are raised chickens, geese, turkeys and guineas.
Agricultural production plays a less important and is geared primarily to supply its own inhabitants. The department has crops of
rice, corn, onion, sweet orange, banana, sweet potato, sour orange, beans, tomatoes, pineapple, grapefruit, grapes, peasand potatoes.
The industries that are in Paraguarí are: sugar mill, cotton spinning mills, dairies, distilleries and
sugar cane alcohol fuel.
Among the crafts, Carapeguá stands out with the production of a fabric called
poyvi, also occurs ao po'o encaje ju, hammocks and others.
This department has very interesting places marked by a long history. The temple Yaguarón whose altar was carved by hand by the Indians in the year
Their nature is very broad and has attractions such as Lake Ypoá and its tributaries, the numerous hills that allow the realization of adventure tourism, including the hill Yaguarón located at 180 meters. Above sea level. This hill is peculariedad be marked by footprints imprinted in their rocks. The popular belief attributed the footsteps of St. Thomas in its passage through these lands.
It is also the Acahay hill with 672 meters which was declared Natural Monument and consists of an ancient volcano off.
The Eco Reserve Mbatoví is located in this department. This space has adventure tourism programs and is located at the foot of the hill of the same name.
The Museum Dr. Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia has an interesting exhibition of objects belonging to proceed.
Based on the country's capital,
Asuncion, it should take Route I Mcal. Lopez, at the height of km. Is located approximately 51 city Yaguarón. The capital of the department, Paraguarí, lies at the height of 66 kilometers.
From Asuncion, numerous public transport depart from the main bus terminal due to the capital of the department of Paraguarí with an affordable price.
Bibliography and references
* Geography of Paraguay - Editorial Hispanic Paraguay SRL-1a. Edition 1999 - Asuncion Paraguay
* Geography of Paraguay Illustrated -
ISBN: 99925-68-04-06 - Distributed Arami SRL
* The Magic of our land. Alliance Foundation. Asuncion. 2007.
* EVP - Wikipedia
* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]
* [http://www.senatur.gov.py/ Secretaria Nacional de Turismo]
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