San Martín Region


San Martín Region

Peru region table
name = San Martín


imagesize = 100px
image_caption = coat of arms


president = Julio Cárdenas (PAP)
capital = Moyobamba
largest = Tarapoto
area = 51,253.31
pop = 669,973
density = 13.1
provinces = 10 provinces and 77 districts
lowest = 190 m (Pelejo)
highest = 3080 m (Agua Blanca)
lat = 5º23'45" and N/A
long = 77º38´11" and 77º47´14"
resources = Coffee, rice, yucca, cocoa, tobacco, cebu cattle.
poverty = 66.9%
GDPshare = 1.38%
website = www.regionsanmartin.gob.pe
areacode = 42
iso = SAM
ubigeo = 22

San Martín is a region in northern Peru. Most of the region is located in the upper part of the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Its capital is Moyobamba and the largest city in the region is Tarapoto.

Boundaries

* North and East: Loreto Region
* South: Huánuco Region
* West: La Libertad and Amazonas regions

Morphology

The territory of San Martín can be divided into four morphological zones:
* the west, near the eastern side of the Andean Plateau, with a rough topography and many ravines;
* the zone of the wide valleys, with stepped terraces formed by the Huallaga River and its affluents, where population is engaged mainly in cattle and agriculture;
* the southwest zone, with a relief coming down from the Cordillera Azul, with low elevation, where is an impressive canyon known as Cajón de Sión, which finishes in the Cayumba rapids;
* a small lower jungle zone with areas easily flooded and with almost no accidents.

The Huallaga River is one of the most important rivers in the region. It forms, together with its tributaries a hydrographical system which drains all of the region's territory. The Pongo de Aguirre is an important canyon formed by the Huallaga going through the Andean hills.

History

Tupac Yupanqui entered and subdued the Inca dominion, the province of Moyobamba, known back then by its native name, Muyupampa. In 1539, Spaniard Alonso de Alvarado reached the Mayo River and founded a city he named "Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba", which later became the capital of Maynas. Another important personality was Priest Manuel Sobreviela who, between 1787 and 1790, accomplished traveling across the Huallaga River and subsequently published a map named "Planning for the course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento".

On August 19, 1821, Moyobamba was the first Peruvian city in declaring its independence.

The construction of a highway in recent years has increased the exchange of different products, benefitting the economy of this region.

Political division

The region is divided into 10 provinces (Spanish: "provincias", singular: "provincia"), which are composed of 77 districts ("distritos", singular: "distrito").

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
* Bellavista (Bellavista)
* El Dorado (San José de Sisa)
* Huallaga (Saposoa)
* Lamas (Lamas)
* Mariscal Cáceres (Juanjuí)
* Moyobamba (Moyobamba)
* Picota (Picota)
* Rioja (Rioja)
* San Martín (Tarapoto)
* Tocache (Tocache).

Archaeology

Gran Pajáten is a pre Inca complex of circular slate buildings decorated with figures of flying condors situated on the border with La Libertad. Due to its difficult access, tourism is not yet possible at the site.

External links

* [http://www.regionsanmartin.gob.pe Gobierno Regional San Martín] - San Martín Regional Government official website


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Martín (Region) — Die Region San Martín (span. Región San Martín, Quechua San Martín suyu) ist eine in den Anden gelegene Region im nordöstlichen Peru. Die Region grenzt im Norden an die Regionen Loreto und Amazonas, im Süden an Huánuco und im Westen an La… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Region de San Martin — Région de San Martín Pour les articles homonymes, voir San Martín. Region San Martín …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Martín — or San Martin may refer to:People*José de San Martín, national hero of Argentina, an 18th century general and the main leader of the southern part of South America s struggle for independence from Spain *Saint Martin de Porres, a 17th century… …   Wikipedia

  • San Martín — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toponymes San Martín, station de recherche scientifique argentine située en Antarctique ; San Martín, région du Pérou San Martín, municipalité (… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Région de San Martín — Pour les articles homonymes, voir San Martín. Region San Martín …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Martín Department — The name San Martín Department may refer to several administrative subdivisions:*In Argentina: **San Martín Department, Corrientes **San Martín Department, Mendoza **San Martín Department, San Juan **San Martín Department, Santiago del Estero… …   Wikipedia

  • San Martín Province — Infobox Province Peru region = San Martín founded = cofarms = province = Picota capital = Tarapoto pop = 161.736 (2002 estimate) density = 28.7 area = 5.639,82 districts = 14 web = ubigeo = 2209The San Martín Province is one of 10 provinces of… …   Wikipedia

  • San Martín de Hidalgo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Municipio de San Martín de Hidalgo Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Martín Texmelucan — de Labastida San Martín Texmelucan …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Martín — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personajes 1.1 Santos y beatos 1.2 Otros 2 Edificios religiosos …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.