- Lambayeque Region
Peru region table
name = Lambayeque
imagesize = 80px
area = 14,231.3
pop = 1,091,535
density = 76.7
provinces = 3 provinces and 38 districts
lowest = 0 m (coastal area)
highest = 3078 m (
lat = 5°27' to 7°10' S
long = 79°08' to 80°37' W
Rice, sugar caneand fruit.
poverty = 63%
GDPshare = 3.89%
website = [http://www.regionlambayeque.gob.pe www.regionlambayeque.gob.pe]
areacode = 74
iso = LAM
ubigeo = 14
Lambayeque is a region in northwestern
Peru, known for its rich Chimúand Mochehistorical past. The region's name originatesFact|date=October 2007 from the ancient pre- Incacivilization of the "lambayeques".
The territory of the Lambayeque Region is made up by large plains irrigated by rivers from the Andes, in most of the area farming takes place due to the lack of water. However the valleys that are found in this area generate half of the sugar cane that is produced in Peru. In addithion Lambayeque and
Piuraprovide most of the rice crops consumed in Peru.This agriculture output is possible by a reservoir called "Proyecto Olmos" which holds an annual amount of 2,050 millions of cubic meters of water.
In a smaller scale in the last centuries, the Olmos Carob Tree Forest held goat herds that were fed with the food of this tree. This gave rise to the leather, cordobanes and soap industry.
There are two small islands off the Pacific coast of the Lambayeque Region: Lobos de Afuera, and Lobos de Tierra; there was a dispute with the
Piura Regionover ownership of the latter island.
The region is bordered by the
Piura Regionon the north, the Cajamarca Regionon the southeast, the La Libertad Regionon the south and the Pacific Oceanon the west.
The region is divided into 3 provinces ("provincias", singular: "provincia"), which are composed of 38 districts ("distritos", singular: "distrito"). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
Legendtells that in ancient times, a great float of strange rafts arrived at the beaches of the existing San José cove. Formed by a brilliant cortege of foreign warriors, this float was led by a man of great talent and courage, named Naylamp, who founded a civilization.
The descendants are the builders of the great
Chimúcivilization, forged in Lambayeque before the Inca Empire. The Chimú grew to acquire a notable state parallel to the Inca. Yet, unlike the Incas, the Chimú moved their capital to more propitious and strategic zones, establishing great urban centers there. They were great farmers, textileexperts and, wonderful goldsmiths, with extraordinary works in gold.
The Inca conquest of what today is Lambayeque, lasted almost four
decades. Pachacuti, Tupac Inca Yupanquiand Huayna Cápac, successively, ruled during the process. Francisco Pizarrocrossed the region in his way to Cajamarcato conclude the defeat of the Inca empire. He was amazed by the gold exposed in vases and utensils.
During Colonial times, a rivalry started between the people of Lambayeque and Santiago de Miraflores de Saña. The reason of the conflict was the opulence in which the latter lived, even provoking the greed of
pirates. A floodin 1720, however, destroyed Saña and marked the end of a flourishing city.
The people of Lambayeque followed Juan Manuel Iturregui as their leader in the struggles for emancipation and independence from
Spain. He spread the libertarian ideas and helped get arms for the cause.
* [http://www.portalagrario.gob.pe/azucar_prod.shtml Sugar Production in Peru (Spanish)]
* [http://arroz.com/americalatina/peru/index.shtml Rice Production in Peru (Spanish) ]
* [http://www.proinversion.gob.pe/oportunidades/SA/sa014.htm Olmos Project Information ]
* [http://www.inkanatura.com/mapnorth.asp Chiclayo map]
* [http://www.tumbasreales.org Museo Sipan - Spanish]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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