- Junín Region
Peru region table
name = Junín
imagesize = 200px
image_caption = Logo of the Junín regional government
president = Manuel Duarte
area = 44,197.23
pop = 1 274 781 (
density = 28.8
provinces = 9 provinces and 123 districts
highest = 4818 m (
lat = 10º41'55" and N/A
long = 75º1'8" and 76º31'8"
resources = Potato, coffee, fruit, silver, zinc, lead.
website = [http://www.regionjunin.gob.pe www.regionjunin.gob.pe]
areacode = 64
iso = JUN
ubigeo = 12
Junín is a region in the central highlands of
Peru. Its capital is Huancayo.
The region has a very heterogeneous
topography. The western cordilleralocated near the border with the Lima Region, has snowy and ice covered peaks. On the east, there are high glacier valleys which end up in high plateaus (" Altiplano"). Among them is the Junín Plateauthat is located between the cities of La Oroyaand Cerro de Pasco.
MantaroValley becomes wider before Jauja up to the limit with the Huancavelica Region. This area concentrates a large share of the region's population. Towards the east, near the jungle, there is an abundance of narrow and deep canyons, with highly inclined hillsides, covered by woods under low-lying clouds.
The Huaytapallana Cordillera is located in the south central area of the region. This cordillera holds a great fault which is the reason earthquakes happen in the area. The upper
jungle, with valleys of great length, modelled by the Tulumayo, Paucartambo, Perené and Ene rivers, is located on the eastern side of the region. Lake Junín, the largest lakeentirely within Peru, is located in the region, except for its northernmost tip which belongs to the Pasco Region.
Junín Region is also home to
The Junín Region borders the regions of Pasco on the north, Ucayali on the northeast and Cusco on the east. The
Mantaro Rivermarks the region's border with the Ayacucho and Huancavelica regions on the south and on the west, it is bordered by the Lima Region.
The Junín Region has an average annual temperature of 13.1°C (56°F), a maximum high of 17°C (62°F) and a minimum low of 0°C (32°F).
rainy seasonruns from November to April, and from December to March in tropicalareas.
The Junín plains were known as the Pampus region, which until the arrival of the
Incas was inhabited by a semi-savage, quarrelsome group of people whose rivals were the Tarumas. Meanwhile, the Mantaro Valley was inhabited by the Huancas. Inca Pachacutecconquered all these peoples in 1460, who then became part of the Inca Empire. Huancayo became the region's main roadside resting stop on the Inca Trail.
Wool mills (known in Spanish as "obrajes") were set up during the Viceroyalty, when weaving and knitting became a tradition that continues in our days. On
September 13, 1825, Simón Bolívarissued a decree creating what is now the Junín Region, to commemorate his victory on the Junín Plains ( Junín Battle), the last true cavalry charge in the occidental world where no shot was fired but only saber was used. Great events of national importance occurred during this period: Huancayo hosted the Assembly that issued the 1839Constitution and on December 3, 1854, Ramón Castillasigned a decree that granted freedom to Afro-Peruvianslaves.
The region is divided into nine provinces (Spanish: "provincias", singular: "provincia"), which are composed of 123 districts ("distritos", singular: "distrito").
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
* Chanchamayo (La Merced)
* Chupaca (
* Concepción (Concepción)
* Huancayo (
* Jauja (
* Junín (Junín)
* Satipo (
* Tarma (
* Yauli (
* [http://www.regionjunin.gob.pe Gobierno Regional Junín] - Junín Regional Government official website
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