Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана
Mgtu emblema.png
Motto «Мужество, Воля, Труд, Упорство!»
Established 1830
Type Public
President I.B. Fedorov
Rector A.A. Alexandrov
Academic staff 3,500
Students 18,000
Postgraduates 1,000
Location Moscow, Russia
Campus Urban
Website www.bmstu.ru

The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Bauman MSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred to as the Bauman School[1] or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university located in Moscow, Russia. Bauman University was founded in 1763 by the Russian empress Catherine II as a Educational Imperial House. Bauman University is the oldest and largest Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S. and PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences. Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Moscow after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755).

Bauman University admits 18000 students who follow an 6 years engineer course, the longest in Russia, and 1000 PhD students. Bauman University grant 800 from 3000 students a free habitation in one of 13 university residences annually.

The admission process includes 3 exams on math, physics and Russian. The selection to enter university is more then 1 to 10, which means that there are more then 30000 applicants[2]. More than 2600 of them pass through 2 years of preparation courses, another 2000 follow studies in high schools partners of Bauman University[3]. Participation in admission process requires a gage of original high school certificate which prevent applicants to take part in Lomonosov Moscow State University admission process at the same time.

The Bauman University is commonly regarded as one of Russia's most prestigious universities and has high entry requirements for its prospective students. The Bauman University is regularly ranked on the first place in official government and business press rating[4][5][6][7][8][9]. The Bauman University also regularly occupies top 3 places in rating of alumni hunted by biggest Russian companies[10][11].

The Bauman University has a National Research Center status, the financing of Bauman University is provided by a separate expense asset of Russian National Budget independently of Ministry of Education[12].

During the first half of XX century more, Bauman University formed and founded more than 70 technical universities in the USSR, some of them are now well known institutions : Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow University of Civil Engineering, Moscow Chemical Institute, Moscow Communication and Informatics University, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute TSAGI, Military Academy of Aviation Engineering Joukovski[13].

Bauman University is famous for its educational system called “Russian method”[14] which unify a broad and intensive theoretical preparation with a deep practical education closely connected with industries. Presented on Universal Exposition in 1873 in Wien and in 1876 on Universal Exposition in Philadelphia this method won a gold prize. The President of MIT professor John Daniel Runkle wrote that Russian method will be undoubtedly applied as a principal educational system in MIT and all other American technical universities[15].

Many Bauman University’s graduates are world-renowned: Sergei Korolev for the first satellite in the space and first man and woman in the space, Andrey Tupolev for the world first supersonic passenger plain, Nikolay Dollezhal for the world first civil nuclear plant, Vladimir Shukhov for the first method and the world first petrol cracking plant as well as for the first hyperboloid structures in architecture, Nikolay Zhukovsky for the foundation of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics sciences, Pavel Sukhoi for the foundation of Sukhoi Aerospace Design Bureau.

Contents

University today

From 1918 to 2010 more than 144,000 students graduated with different engineering degrees. Most of them chose to become scientists or engineers in the leading research centers, universities, private and government owned companies. Some of the specialized departments of BMSTU are located outside Moscow in cities of Moscow Oblast: Krasnogorsk (Russian: Красногорск), Reutov (Russian: Реутов), Korolyov (Russian: Королёв). There is also a largest branch of the University in Kaluga (Russian: Калуга).

Educational programs

The academic year in this university begins on 1 September, and is divided into two terms (semesters). Students take exams at the end of each semester. The course of study lasts 6 years without interrupt for engineer specialist degree. But over the last few years the Bauman University has continued to integrate with the Bologna Process. And today some students learn using two step educational system. The first two years students study general engineering subjects. In the third year students begin to study specialized subjects. In this university theoretical subjects accompanied by practical training. Students begin to work at the University's well-equipped (Russian standard) laboratories and in senior years at various plants, design offices and research institutes of Russia.

History

The university was established in 1830 as Imperial Vocational School (Russian: Ремесленное училище, Remeslennoe Uchilische) by a decree of Emperor Nicholas I. It was renamed in 1868 as Imperial Moscow Technical School, then after the 1917 revolution to Moscow Highest Technical School (Russian: МВТУ, MHTS). A number of research institutes such as TsAGI were created from laboratories and departments of MHTS in 1918. Then in 1930 number of faculties branched out, merging with other educational and research organizations and formed several independent institutions of higher learning: Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), Military Chemical Academy. The remaining school was named Bauman Moscow Mechanical and Machine Construction Institute, after the revolutionary Bolshevik Nikolay Bauman. In october 1941 the Institute was evacuated to Izevsk. In april 1943 it returned to Moscow. The name MHTS was revived in 1943. The current name was given in 1989.[16]

Fountain in the inner courtyard of the main building of BMSTU

Departments

  • RADIOELECTRONICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY
    • Bioengineering and Medical Equipment and Systems;
    • Optico-Electronic Equipment and Systems;
    • Radioelectronic Systems.
  • FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCES
    • Applied mathematics;
    • Technical physics.
  • MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY
    • Manufacturing Engineering;
    • Instruments and Technologies;
    • Machine Tools;
    • Casting Technology and Equipment;
    • Metal Pressing and Forging Engineering and Equipment;
    • Welding Technology and Equipment;
    • Advanced Processing Machines and Technology;
    • Material Science in Mechanical Engineering;
    • Metallurgical Machines and Equipment;
    • Metrology and Metrological Provision;
    • Electrical Engineering.
  • SPECIAL MACHINERY
    • Rocket Engineering;
    • Aerospace systems;
    • Flight Dynamics and Movement Control;
    • Automatic Systems and Robot Engineering;
    • Missiles and Pulse systems;
    • Robotics and Mechatronics;
    • Space Vehicles and Acceleration Blocks;
    • Caterpillar and Wheel Vehicles;
    • Aerospace technology;
    • Design and Manufacturing of Composite Material Articles.
  • POWER ENGINEERING
    • Rocket Engines;
    • Low Temperature Physics and Engineering (Cryogenics);
    • Combustion Engines;
    • Turbomachinery;
    • Vacuum and Compressor Facilities of Physical Units;
    • Hydraulic Machinery, Drives and Controls;
    • Electronic Engines, Plasma Power Plants and Technology;
    • Physical Power Plants;
    • Nontraditional and Renewable Energy Sources;
    • Environment Protecting and Rational Utilization of Natural Resources;
    • Safety of Vital Activity.
  • ROBOTICS AND COMPLEX AUTOMATION
  • INFORMATICS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • Automatic Control Systems for Flight Vehicles;
    • Gyroscopic Instruments and Systems for Orientation,Navigation and Stabilization;
    • Information and Measuring Equipment and Technology;
    • Radioelectronic Equipment Design and Technology;
    • Computer Systems, Complexes and Networks;
    • Automatic Information Processing and Control Systems;
    • Software for Computers and Automation Systems;
    • Computer Design and Technology;
    • Information Security
    • Theoretical computer science and computer technology
    • Information defending
  • ENGINEERING BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
    • Economics and Management at Enterprises
  • Biomedical Technology
  • Social and Human Sciences
  • Military Education
  • Jurisprudence

Special faculties

  • Radiotechnology
  • Rocket and Space Technology
  • Optico-electronic Equipment
  • Instrument Engineering
  • Air and Space
Panoramic view from Yauza river

Famous faculty and alumni

References

  1. ^ From 1868 till 1898 Bauman University was called : Imperial Moscow Technical School, and Superior Moscow Technical School
  2. ^ Rossiskaya Gazeta – Russian government daily newspaper of record which publishes the official decrees, statements and documents of state bodies. http://www.rg.ru/2009/08/11/fedorov.html
  3. ^ L.I. Volkevich, How not to make a mistake in admitting proccess of Bauman University http://repetitors-moscow.ru/bileti//mgtu/MSTU.doc
  4. ^ "МГТУ имени Баумана – первый среди технических вузов". 5ballov.ru. http://www.5ballov.ru/news/king_plan/2006/08/09/53869. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Список ВУЗов :: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н.Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Баумана)". Cmpk.ru. http://www.cmpk.ru/info/vse_voyzi_moskvi/spisok_voyzov/bauman/. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.proforientator.ru/ratng/ratng_techn.html
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Вепег Лхц Нрвюкхл... Тнрн: Чкхъ Люинпнбю (18 June 2004). "Пеирхмц Пняхияйху Бсгнб – Екемю Мнбняекнбю – "Йсдю Бсг Бшбегер" – Пняяхияйюъ Цюгерю – "Пц" Осакхйсер Яохянй Яюлшу Опеярхфмшу Бсгнб Ярпюмш, Йнрнпши Янярюбхкн Лхмхярепярбн Напюгнбюмхъ Х Мюсйх. Он Япюбмемхч Я Опнькнцндмхл Пеирхмцнл Люкн Врн Хглемхкняэ. Оепбюъ Ярпнвйю – Хяйкчвхрекэмн Ярнкхвмюъ: Кхдхпсчр Лняйнбяйхи Х Яюмйр-Оерепаспцяйхи Смхбепяхрерш". Rg.ru. http://www.rg.ru/2004/06/18/vyz.html. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ъ-Власть – Лучшие из высших". Kommersant.ru. 18 June 2007. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=774994. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные российские вузы". Kommersant.ru. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=884450. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Фото: Николай Цыганов / Коммерсантъ. "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные выпускники России". Kommersant.ru. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=883779. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  12. ^ Russian Federal Educational Portal http://www.edu.ru/index.php?page_id=5&topic_id=5&sid=10230
  13. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. http://www.bmstu.ru/history/hmstu/bmstu. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. http://www.bmstu.ru/history/hmstu/russian_engineering_school. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. http://www.bmstu.ru/history/hmstu/becoming. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "History on the official web-site (Russian)". Bmstu.ru. http://www.bmstu.ru/history/. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 

External links

Coordinates: 55°45′57″N 37°41′5″E / 55.76583°N 37.68472°E / 55.76583; 37.68472


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