Andorra la Vella
official_name = Andorra la Vella
image_caption = Andorra la Vella
mapsize = 100px
pushpin_label_position = none
pushpin_map_caption = Location within Andorra
map_caption = Position of Andorra la Vella in Andorra
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Parishes
subdivision_name1 = Andorra la Vella
area_total_km2 = 30
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 22884
population_density_km2 = 762.8
latd=42 |latm=30 |latNS=N
longd=1 |longm=30 |longEW=E
elevation_m = 1023
website = [http://www.andorralavella.ad/ www.andorralavella.ad]
footnotes = Andorra la Vella is the
capitalof the Co-principalityof Andorra, and is located high in the east Pyreneesbetween Franceand Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds it. The town of Santa Colomais located in the province.
The principal industry is tourism, although the country also earns foreign income from being a tax-haven. Furniture and
brandiesare local products.
Geography and climate
Andorra la Vella is located in the south west of Andorra, at coord|42|30|N|1|30|E|. [ [http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html NGA: Country Files ] ] , at the confluence of two mountain streams. Located at an altitude of convert|1409|m|ft|lk=on [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AN/0/Andorra_la_Vella.html Maps, Weather, and Airports for Andorra la Vella, Andorra ] ] , it is a high capital and popular
ski resort. Its climate is Temperate with cold winters and warm, drier summers. Temperatures range from an average of around convert|-1|C|F|lk=on in January and convert|20|C|F| in July [ [http://www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/andorra.htm Andorra - Atlapedia Online ] ] ; rainfall is at convert|808|mm|in|lk=on a year.
Surprisingly for a capital city, it is three hours drive from the nearest airports, at Toulouse, Girona, Perpignan and Barcelona. This is a result of its small population size and highly mountainous
terrain. It has no train station either, with a bus service linking the city to the French station at L'Hospitalet-près-l'Andorre, which has mainline services to Paris.
Demographics and language
Native Andorrans account for only 33% of the population, with the plurality being Spanish (43%), and notable minorities of Portuguese (11%) and French (7%). Catalan is the official language, although Spanish, Portuguese and French are also spoken. Most of the inhabitants are
Roman Catholics, with a high life expectancy of over 80 years [ [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/an.html#People CIA - The World Factbook - Andorra ] ] .
The site of Andorra la Vella (literally, "Andorra the Old") has been settled since prior to the
Christian era- notably by the Andosintribe from the late Neolithic. The state is one of the " Marca Hispanica" created and protected by Charlemagnein the eighth century as a buffer from the Moorish settlers in the Iberian Peninsula[ [http://www.andorramania.com/histoire_gb.htm History of the Principality of Andorra ] ] .
The settlement has been the principal city of Andorra since 1278 when the French and the Episcopal co-princes agreed to joint suzerainty. Andorra La Vella's old town - the "Barri Antic" - includes streets and buildings dating from this time. Its most notable building is the "Casa de la Vall" - constructed in the early sixteenth century - which has been the state's parliamentary house since 1707. Andorra la Vella was, during this period, the capital of a largely isolated and
feudalstate, which retained its independence due to this principle of co-sovereignty. [ [http://sg.travel.yahoo.com/guide/europe/andorra/attractions.html Yahoo! Singapore Travel ] ]
Well into the twentieth century, the area around Andorra La Vella remained largely forgotten; indeed the state was not part of the
Treaty of Versailles, simply because it was not noticed. After political turmoil in the 1930s and an attempted coup by King Boris I, an informal democracy developed.
In 1993, the country's first constitution formalised this parliamentary
democracywith executive, legislative, and judicial branches located in Andorra la Vella.
During this period, Andorra also developed as a
tax haven, resulting in the construction of modern banking offices in Andorra La Vella. The city also developed its skiing facilities, to the extent that Andorra la Vella was Andorra's applicant city for the XXI Olympic Winter Games, the 2010 Winter Olympics. However, Andorra la Vella was not selected by the IOCas a candidate city, following the evaluation report of an IOC commission. It also hosted both the 1991 and 2005 Games of the Small States of Europe.
Sights and culture
The city's old town is characterized by old stone streets and houses. The central "Església de Sant Esteve" (Saint Stephen) church is part of the area that guidebooks often label as a picturesque part of the city [ [http://www.eslteachersboard.com/cgi-bin/europe-info/index.pl?noframes;read=233 The beautiful Andorra la Vella ] ] . This was built in a Romanesque style in the eleventh century. As mentioned earlier, the old town also includes the country's historic parliament building. Probably the oldest building in the city is another church, dating from the ninth century, of Santa Coloma. [ [http://www.world66.com/europe/andorra/andorralavella Andorra la vella travel guide ] ]
The city is the country's cultural centre, with the Government Exhibition Hall acting as a main theatre and museum. The
piazzaoutside the parliament building is also the location of a number of events, and the town hosts a music festival every winter.
Andorra la Vella is the node for economic networks in Andorra; it is the country's commercial centre. In the country as a whole, 80% of the
GDPis derived from the 10 million tourists who visit annually [ [http://www.nlgsolutions.com/packages/show_country.asp?countryid=AD CruisesOnly - About Cruising - Cruise Advice ] ] . The city is also the centre for the many banks and businesses that thrive from its tax havenstatus. The state is not a member of the European Union, but has a customs arrangement with the EU, and uses the Euro.
Andorra la Vella is twinned with:
* [http://www.andorralavella.ad/ City council of Andorra la Vella] ca icon
* [http://www.travelskihotels.com/ Hotel Ski Plaza, Andorra la vella]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Andorra la Vella — Gemeinde in Andorra Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Andorra la Vella — noun The capital of Andorra … Wiktionary
Andorra la Vella — Hauptstadt von Andorra … Universal-Lexikon