:"Hymenoplasty redirects here. For the operation to correct an imperforate hymen, see
Hymenorrhaphy or hymen reconstruction surgery is the
surgicalrestoration of the hymen. The term comes from the Greek words "hymen" meaning "membrane", and "raphe" meaning "suture". It is also known as "hymenoplasty", although strictly this term would also include hymenotomy.
Such procedures are not generally regarded as part of mainstream
gynecology, but are available from some plastic surgerycentres, particularly in the USA, Japanand Western Europe, generally as day surgery. The normal aim is to cause bleedingduring post-nuptial intercourse, which in some cultures is a required proof of virginity.Fact|date=August 2008
Varieties of the operation
The term may cover at least four significantly different types of procedure:
* Suturing of a tear in the hymen such as might be caused by
sexual assault, soon after the assault, to facilitate healing.
* A purely cosmetic procedure in which a membrane without blood supply is created, sometimes including a
gelatinecapsule of an artificial bloodlike substance. This operation is intended to be performed within a few days before an intended marriage.
* Use of a flap of the vaginal lining, complete with its blood supply, to create a new hymen. Patients are advised to refrain from penetrative sex for up to three months following these procedures.
* The term "hymen reconstruction" has also been used to describe some varieties of
infibulation, requiring further surgery before penetration is possible.
Availability and legality
Some hymen reconstruction operations are legal in some countries, while other countries ban all hymenorrhaphy. Infibulation is in general illegal.
In the United States of America, hymen restoration is available in private clinics and becoming slightly more common.
In France, some of the cost is reimbursed by the state in cases of rape or trauma. One French doctor stated that such reimbursement claims were mostly fraudulent. [cite web |url=http://www.reuters.com/article/wtMostRead/idUSL2532025120070430?pageNumber=2&sp=true |title=Muslim women in France regain virginity in clinics |publisher=Reuters |quote="French social security reimburses some of the cost of the operation in cases of rape or trauma. 'Ninety-nine percent of the time, the claim is a fraud,' [Doctor Marc Abecassis] added."]
Genital modification and mutilation
* " [http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/02/26/1077676899589.html?oneclick=true Designer vaginas] ", SMH article describes a private clinic in
New Zealandoffering hymenorrhaphy and other "appearance gynaecology" procedures.
* [http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/112/4/829 Pediatrics article] discusses healing of hymen injuries.
* " [http://www.obgyn.net/english/pubs/features/presentations/hennawy13/hymenorrhaphy.ppt Hymenoplasty] ", a presentation to a conference of gynecologists (
Microsoft PowerPointfile, 332 KB).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
hymenorrhaphy — noun Reconstructive surgery in which a womans hymen is restored to the unbroken condition ordinarily characteristic of virginity. Syn: hymenoplasty … Wiktionary
hymenorrhaphy — Obsolete procedure of suturing the hymen in order to close the vagina. [G. hymen, membrane, + raphe, a suture] * * * hy·men·or·rha·phy (hi″mən orґə fe) hymenoplasty … Medical dictionary
Genital modification and mutilation — The terms genital modification and genital mutilation can refer to permanent or temporary changes to human sex organs. Some forms of genital alteration are performed at the behest of an adult, with their informed consent. Others are performed on… … Wikipedia
Hymen — This article is about the vaginal mucous membrane fold. For the god and other uses, see Hymen (disambiguation). Hymen External genital organs of female. The labia minora have been drawn apart. Latin hymen vaginae … Wikipedia
Virginity — Virgin and Maiden redirect here. For other uses, see Virgin (disambiguation) and Maiden (disambiguation). Invocation by Frederick Leighton White has traditionally been associated with ritual purity, innocence and virginity. Virginity refers to… … Wikipedia
Vaginoplasty — Vaginoplasty: the pre operative aspect (left), and the post operative aspect (right) of a labial reduction. Vaginoplasty is a reconstructive plastic surgery procedure for correcting the defects and deformities of the vaginal canal and its mucous… … Wikipedia
Dilation and curettage — (D C) Background Abortion type Surgical First use Late 19th century Gestation 4 12 weeks Usage WHO recommends only when manual vacuum aspiration is unavail … Wikipedia
Pap test — Intervention ICD 9 CM 795.00 … Wikipedia
Surgery — This article is about the medical specialty. For other uses, see Surgery (disambiguation). A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. Surgery (from the Greek … Wikipedia
List of surgical procedures — Surgical procedures have long and possibly daunting names. The meaning of many surgical procedure names can often be understood if the name is broken into parts. For example in splenectomy, ectomy is a suffix meaning the removal of a part of the… … Wikipedia