Lautoka


Lautoka

Lautoka is the second largest city of Fiji. It is in the west of the island of Viti Levu, 24 kilometers north of Nadi, and is the second port of entry in Fiji, after Suva. Lying in the heart of Fiji's sugar cane growing region, it is known as the Sugar City. Covering an area of 16 square kilometers, it had a population of 42,917 at the 1996 census, the last held to date.

Economic activities

Lautoka is known as the "Sugar City" because of its sugar cane belt areas. The main Lautoka Sugar Mill is the city's biggest employer by far. Built for the Colonial Sugar Refining Company (Fiji) (CSR) by imported labourers from India and the Solomon Islands between 1899 and 1903, it hires some 1300 employees today. Other industries include timber milling, garment manufacturing, distillery, brewery, jewellery, blending, steelworks, fishing, hatchery, domestic items, paints, and construction.

History

The name of the city is derived from two Fijian words meaning "spear hit." According to an oral tradition, the name arose following a duel between two chiefs. As one speared the other, he was reported to have cried "Lau-toka!"

The first known European sighting of the Lautoka area took place on 7 May 1789. Captain William Bligh spotted and roughly charted the coasts of Lautoka while making his epic voyage to Timor, in the wake of the Mutiny on the Bounty in which he and a few sailors loyal to him were thrown overboard and cast adrift on a life boat.

Politics

Incorporated as a town in 1929, Lautoka was proclaimed a city on 25 February 1977. It is governed by a 16-member city council, who elect from among themselves a Mayor. Bijesh Chand of the Fiji Labour Party (FLP) was elected Mayor in 2005, succeeding Rajendra Goundar, also of the FLP. Chand later left the party, however, and contested the municipal elections of October-November 2005 as an independent candidate. He lost his seat. The FLP won 12 seats and the United Fiji Party (SDL) 4.

Lautoka is at present the only city in Fiji's Western Division, which contains more than 50 percent of the nation's population. It is also the headquarters of the Fiji Electricity Authority, the Fiji Pine Ltd, and the National Marketing Authority.

Demography

Since 1970, the population of Lautoka has grown rapidly, and in the last twenty years it has also changed dramatically in structure. In the early 1970s the population was estimated to be about 12,000, the vast majority of inhabitants being Indian, as would be expected considering the early growth of the city was entirely associated with the sugar industry. About half of the present Indian inhabitants are descendants of the early girmityas. In 1986 the population was 39,000 and in 1996 almost 43,000, but it is not clear exactly how the boundaries of the urban area were defined at either of these censuses. In 2005 the population including the suburban zones was probably about 50,000, occupying a total area of about 16 km². The population of Lautoka including the rural districts is around 80,000. But much of the recent growth of the city itself has been due to indigenous Fijians moving into the urban area.

The city is the birthplace of PGA Tour Hall of Famer Vijay Singh.

External links

* [http://www.lautokacity.org Lautoka]
*Wikitravel|Lautoka


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lautoka — Lautoka …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lautoka FC — Voller Name Lautoka Football Club Gegründet 1934 Stadion Churchill Park Lautoka, Fidschi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lautoka — en los años 1950. Calle principal en la actualidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lautoka — est la seconde ville la plus importante des Fidji, située sur la côte ouest de Viti Levu dans la province de Ba, à 24 km au nord de Nadi. Elle possède une population de 52 220 habitants (en 2007). C est le centre de production du sucre et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lautoka —   [laʊ təʊkɑː], zweitgrößte Stadt von Fidschi, an der Nordwestküste von Viti Levu, 28 700 Einwohner; Landwirtschaftsschule; Zuckerfabrik; wichtigster Zuckerexporthafen des Landes, Fischereihafen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lautoka F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Lautoka F.C. fullname = Lautoka Football Club nickname = Baby Blues founded = 1934 ground = Churchill Park Lautoka, Fiji capacity = 15,000 chairman = Shalend Prasad manager = Dennis Singh league = National… …   Wikipedia

  • Lautoka — ▪ Fiji       city on the northwest coast of the island of Viti Levu, Fiji, South Pacific Ocean. Situated on the dry side of the island, Lautoka (originally called Namoli) serves an important sugarcane growing district and is Fiji s leading sugar… …   Universalium

  • Lautoka — Original name in latin Lautoka Name in other language Lautoka State code FJ Continent/City Pacific/Fiji longitude 17.61667 latitude 177.46667 altitude 23 Population 52500 Date 2012 06 28 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Lautoka district, Fiji — Lautoka is a district situated in Ba Province, in the western part of the island of Viti Levu in Fiji. Lautoka District comprises the areas surrounding Lautoka City and includes the Fijian administrative tikina of Vuda. Lautoka district is in the …   Wikipedia

  • Lautoka City (Open Constituency, Fiji) — Lautoka City Open is an electoral division of Fiji, one of 25 open constituencies elected by universal suffrage (the remaining 46 seats, called communal constituencies, are allocated by ethnicity). Like the other open electorates, it came into… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.