- Olongapo City
Infobox Philippine city
infoboxtitle = City of Olongapo
sealfile = Logo_Olongapo.jpg
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_zambales_olongapo.png
caption = Map of
Zambalesshowing the location of Olongapo.
Central Luzon(Region III)
districts = First District of Zambales
barangays = 17
class = 1st class city; highly urbanized
areakm2 = 170.30
pop2000 = 194,260
mayor = James J. Gordon, Jr. (
June 1, 1966[http://members.tripod.com/Olongapo/legend.html Olongapo City - Brief History] ]
The City of Olongapo ( _tl. Lungsod ng Olongapo; Sambal: "Syodad nin Olongapo") is an urbanized city located in the province of Zambales,
Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 194,260 people in 43,107 households.
Unlike the rest of the Philippines which gained independence from the United States after World War II in 1946, Olongapo was governed as a part of the United States naval reservation. After lobbying efforts of
James Leonard T. Gordon, the area was relinquished to the Philippine government and converted into a municipality on December 7, 1959. Six years later under Mayor James Leonard T. Gordon, Olongapo was reconverted to a chartered city on June 1, 1966. Olongapo City administers itself autonomously from Zambales province. Adjacent to the city is the Subic Bay Freeport Zone, which until 1992 was a United Statesnaval base. Like his father before him, Mayor Richard Gordon lobbied for the turnover of the facility and its conversion into a freeport after the Senate of the Philippinesrejected an extension of a treaty with the United States government. The city is known for it's [http://www.adb.org/Documents/Conference/Asian_Cities_1/chap3.pdf innovative methods of urban management] in the 1980s in addressing crime and cleanliness that has been copied by local governments nationwide. These include the public utility color-code, traffic management system, waste management system earning Olongapo City national and international award such as the [http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=2550&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html UNESCO Cities for Peace] representing Asia and the Pacific in 1997 and the [http://www.kas.de/proj/home/events/69/1/veranstaltung_id-23802/index.html Konrad Adenauer Local Medal of Excellence] in 1999. Furthermore, the Asian Development Bank and World Bank have also recognized it's successful urban redevelopment and [http://www.citiesalliance.org/fukuoka.nsf/80c821e6a75b1385852568a50071f761/5df67b15fd52fe6b8625693d005ac6ee!OpenDocument city development strategy] after the US Base turnover.
According to popular legend, there once were a group of warring tribes who lived in the area in and around what is now the modern city. A wise, old man, seeing the perils of disunity, exerted great effort toward uniting the warring tribes. There were, however, some who bitterly opposed his idea and, one day, the old man just disappeared.
After a long search, the old man's body was found, but with the head missing. It is said that the tribesmen launched search parties to locate the severed head of the man. (To the Sambal, decapitation was the only permissible form of assassination. [It was [http://www.elaput.org/loarca05.htm recorded] as customary for the Sambal to execute those who have taken another person’s life, unless done by decapitation. Their manner of execution was to bore a hole at the top of the skull and then scrape out the brains.] ) These efforts proved to be futile, and the search was eventually called off. A boy, however, vowed to himself that he would not stop searching until he found the elder’s head. He searched for weeks, but found nothing. Then, one day, he chanced upon what appeared to be the old man’s head, resting on top of a
bamboopole. The boy ran back to his people crying, “Olo nin apo! Olo nin apo!” (“head of the elder” in Sambal; translates as “ulo ng apo” [http://olongapo-subic.com/olongapo_city_subic_bay_zambales_museum_legend.htm] in Tagalog), running hysterically from village to village.
The phrase stuck, and that, according to legend, is how the area got its name, Olongapo. To this day, the old man’s head acts as a symbol of the unity of the people of what is now a modern city.
From after WW2 until 1992, Olongapo City was known amongst US sailors and Marines as "Sin City". Both Sailors and Marines stationed at Subic, plus visiting Infantry battalions and Navy ships contributed to the social degradation of the city. The main street, Magsaysay drive, was lined with hundreds of bars, by-the-hour hotels, and brothels catering to US Servicemen. Each bar was stocked with scantily-clad women who would, for a fee, take the sailor or Marine to a hotel or to their home for sex. This has resulted in thousands of illegitimate children who might possibly qualify for American citizenship, yet instead, are consigned to suffer a life of poverty in Olongapo City, never knowing their real fathers.
Olongapo City is politically subdivided into 17
GMA NetworkChannel 7/Channel 10
ABS-CBNChannel 2/Channel 12
Subic Broadcasting CorporationChannel 6
2. GLOBE INNOVE
WIRELESS - THERE ARE MORE THAN 40 CELSITES IN THE CITY
1. PLDT DSL
2. GLOBE DSL
5. CLICK DIAL-UP
6. CATV CLICK BROADBAND
1. DWGO 1156
3. RADYO NG BAYAN
* Most Manila based stations can be recvd in the city
1. DWOK 97.5
2. DWSL K-LITE
* Most Manila based stations can be recvd in the city
1. Colorview CATV
1. DX3UNA Ulo Ng Apo Amateur Radio Club 145.48
2. Kabalikat Maharlika
4. Olongapo Telecom Board
EMERGENCY RADIO CHANNELS
1. Olongapo Fire & Rescue
2. Phil Nat'l Red Cross
5. LGUs including brgys
* [http://www.olongapocity.gov.ph Official Web site of Olongapo City]
* [http://olongapo-subic.com/olongapo-city-subic-bay-zambales-museum.html Olongapo Museum]
* [http://olongapo-subic.com/ Olongapo Subic Latest Information]
* [http://www.sangunian.com Sangguniang Panlungsod ng Olongapo] www.subicbaypi.com
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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