Infante Alfonso of Spain
Infobox Spanish Royalty|infante
name = Infante Alfonso
full name = Alfonso Cristino Teresa Angelo Francisco de Asis
title = Infante Alfonso of Spain
titles = "HRH" Infante Alfonso of Spain
royal house =
House of Bourbon
royal anthem =
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
date of birth = birth date|1941|10|3
place of birth =
date of death = death date and age|1956|3|29|1941|10|3
InfanteAlfonso of Spain "(Don Alfonso Cristino Teresa Angelo Francisco de Asis y Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón Dos-Sicilias)" ( 3 October 1941– 29 March 1956) was the younger brother of King Juan Carlos of Spain.
Alfonso was born in
Rome, the youngest son of the Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona and of his wife, Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. His godfather was the Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón; his godmother was his father's sister Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain. [José María Zavala, "Dos infantes y un destino" (Barcelona: Planez & Janés, 1998), 101.] Within his own family he was called "Alfonsito" to distinguish him from other family members with the name Alfonso.
When Alfonso was still just a baby, his family moved to
Lausannein Switzerlandwhere they lived in the Villa Les Rocailles. [Zavala, 102.] In February 1946 the family moved to Portugal. [Zavala, 111.]
In 1947 Alfonso visited Spain for the first time at the invitation of General
Francisco Franco. In 1950 he and his brother Juan Carlos were sent to study in Spain. ["Spanish Pretender's Sons", "The Times" (October 2, 1950): 3. "General Franco and Don Juan", "The Times" (October 3, 1950): 5.] At first they lived in San Sebastiánwhere a private school had been established in the Miramar Palace. [Zavala, 165.] In June 1954 they were received by General Franco at the Pardo Palace. [Zavala, 171.] Later Alfonso and Juan Carlos attended the military academy in Zaragoza. ["Prince to Return to Spain Tuesday", "The New York Times" (January 16, 1955): 25.]
Death and burial
In March 1956 Alfonso and Juan Carlos were at their parents' home Villa Giralda in
Estoril, Portugal, for the Easter vacation. On Maundy ThursdayAlfonso died in a gun accident. The Spanish Embassy in Portugal issued an official communiqué: [Quoted in Paul Preston, "Juan Carlos: Steering Spain from Dictatorship to Democracy" (New York: W.W. Norton, 2004), 101. ]
: Whilst His Highness the Infante Alfonso was cleaning a revolver last evening with his brother, a shot was fired hitting his forehead and killing him in a few minutes. The accident took place at 20.30 hours, after the Infante's return from the Maundy Thursday religious service, during which he had received Holy Communion.
Very quickly, however, rumours appeared in newspapers that the gun had actually been held by Alfonso's brother Juan Carlos at the moment the shot was fired. Josefina Carolo, dressmaker to Alfonso's mother, said that Juan Carlos playfully pointed the pistol at Alfonso and pulled the trigger, unaware that the pistol was loaded. Bernardo Arnoso, a Portuguese friend of Juan Carlos, also said that Juan Carlos fired the pistol not knowing that it was loaded, and adding that the bullet ricocheted off a wall hitting Alfonso in the face. Helena Matheopoulos, a Greek author who spoke with Alfonso's sister Pilar, said that Alfonso had been out of the room and when he returned and pushed the door open, the door knocked Juan Carlos in the arm causing him to fire the pistol. [Preston, 102.]
There have been various stories about the origins of the pistol. The most frequently repeated is that it was a gift to Alfonso from General Franco. [Preston, 103.]
The funeral liturgy for Alfonso was held on
Holy Saturdayand was presided by Monsignor Fernando Cento, Apostolic Nuncioto Portugal. He was buried at the municipal cemetery in Cascais, Portugal. In 1992 he was re-buried in the Pantheon of the Princes of El Escorialnear Madrid.
* Zavala, José M. "Dos infantes y un destino". Barcelona: Plaza & Janés, 1998. ISBN 8401550068.
* "Son Born to Spanish Pretender". "The New York Times" (October 4, 1941): 17.
* "Funeral of Infante Don Alfonso". "The Times" (April 2, 1956): 8.
* "Don Juan's Son Is Killed in Spanish Gun Accident". "The New York Times" (March 30, 1956): 3.
* Mikkelson, Barbara. [http://www.snopes.com/history/world/juancarlos.asp "A Royal Mystery"] .
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1= 1. Infante Alfonso of Spain
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Alfonso XIII of Spain
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Princess Louise of Orléans
Alfonso XII of Spain
Maria Christina of Austria
Prince Henry of Battenberg
Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
14= 14. Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans
Francis of Spain
Isabella II of Spain
Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
21= 21. Countess Julia von Hauke
22= 22. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Victoria of the United Kingdom
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
25= 25. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria
Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria
Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans
29= 29. Duchess Helena Luisa Elizabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
30= 30. Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
31= 31. Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
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