Caledon, Western Cape
Caledon Coordinates: Coordinates: Country South Africa Province Western Cape District Overberg Municipality Theewaterskloof Area – Total 13 km2 (5 sq mi) Population (2001) – Total 10,650 – Density 819.2/km2 (2,121.8/sq mi) Time zone SAST (UTC+2) Postal code 7230 Area code(s) 028
Caledon is a town in the Overberg region of the Western Cape, South Africa, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of Cape Town. As of 2001[update] it had a population of 10,650. It is located in, and the seat of, the Theewaterskloof Local Municipality.
It is situated on the main south coast highway, the N2, 113 kilometres (70 mi) from central Cape Town. At Caledon the N2 is met by the R316 from Arniston and Bredasdorp, and the R320 from Hermanus. It is also located on the Overberg branch railway line, 141 kilometres (88 mi) from Cape Town station.
The Caledon district is primarily an agricultural region. Most agricultural activities involve grain production with a certain amount of stock farming. The town is locally well known for the Caledon Spa and Casino and for its rolling hills and yellow canola fields in spring.
The town has a Mediterranean climate of warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Temperatures are modified by its close proximity to the South Atlantic Ocean, just over the Kleinriviers Mountains to the south.
The writer Peter Dreyer was born in Caledon at the Caledon Baths Hotel in 1939.
Rhodesian government minister P. K. van der Byl retired to Caledon and subsequently died there, in Fairfield.
Cities and towns
Arniston • Baardskeerdersbos • Barrydale • Betty's Bay • Birkenhead • Botrivier • Bredasdorp • Caledon • Dennehof • De Kelders • Elgin • Elim • Fisherhaven • Franskraalstrand • Gansbaai • Genadendal • Grabouw • Greyton • Hawston • Hermanus • Hotagterklip • Infanta • Kleinbaai • Kleinmond • L'Agulhas • Napier • Onrusrivier • Pearly Beach • Pringle Bay • Riviersonderend • Rooi-Els • Stanford • Struisbaai • Suiderstrand • Suurbraak • Swellendam • Van Dyksbaai • Vermont • Villiersdorp
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