Bayt Dajan

Bayt Dajan

Infobox Former Arab villages in Palestine
name=Bayt Dajan

arname=بيت دجن
meaning="home of Dajan"
altSp=Beit Dajan
date=25 April 1948
curlocl=Beit Dagan

Bayt Dajan ( _ar. بيت دجن, ArTranslit|Bayt Dajan, also known as Bait Dajan or Beit Dajan) was a Palestinian village situated approximately six kilometers southeast of Jaffa. It was depopulated after an assault by the Alexandroni Brigade during Operation Chametz on 25 April 1948 in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.cite web|title=Welcome to Bayt Dajan|publisher=Palestine Remembered|accessdate=2007-12-04|url=]


The village might have been the Biblical Philistine town of Beth Dagon (mentioned in Joshua 15:41.)

The village is extremely old. In English Bibles, the name of the village (Joshua 15:41) is conventionally rendered Beth Dagon. It appears in a list of "the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward."

In 1895 Philip Baldensperger noted about Bayt Dajan:

The inhabitants are very industrious, occupied chiefly in making mats and baskets for carrying earth and stones. They own camels for carrying loads from Jaffa to Jerusalem, cultivate the lands, and work at building etc., in Jaffa or on the railway works. The women flock every day to Jaffa and on Wednesday to Ramleh -to the marked held there, with chickens, eggs and milk [Weir, p.207, citing Philip Baldensperger (1895): "Beth-Dejan", in "Palestine Exploration Fund Quartely"]


Bayt Dajan was known to be among the wealthiest communities in the Jaffa area, and their embroideresses were reported to be among the most artistic.cite web|title=Woven Legacy, Woven Language|author=Jane Waldron Grutz|publisher=Saudi Aramco World|date-January/February 1991|accessdate=2008-01-17|url=] It was a center for weaving and embroidery, and its influence was exerted on many other surrounding villages and towns. Costumes from Beit Dajan were noted for their varied techniques, many of which were adopted and elaborated from other local styles.

White linen garments inspired by Ramallah styles were also popular, using patchwork and appliqued sequins in addition to embroidery.cite web|title=Palestine costume before 1948: by region|publisher=Palestine Costume Archive|accessdate=2008-08-01|url=] A popular motif was the "nafnuf" design: a floral pattern thought to be inspired by the locally grown orange trees. The "nafnuf" design changed after World War I becoming embroidery running in long panels known as "branches" ("erq"). It is the forerunner of the "6 branch" style dresses worn by Palestinian women in different regions today.

In the 1920s, a Bethlehem lady named Maneh Hazbun came to live in Bayt Dajan when her brother bought some orange-groves there. She introduced the "rashek" (couching with silk) style of embroidery, a local imitation of the Bethlehem style.Weir, 1989, p. 225, 227.]

The "Jillayeh" (the embroidered outer garment for wedding costume) used in Bayt Dajan was quite similar to those of Ramallah. The difference was in decoration and embroidery. Typical for Bayt Dajan would be motif consisting of two triangles, mirror-faced, with or without an embroidered stripe between them, and with inverted cypresses at the edges. There are several items from Bayt Dajan and the Bayt Dajan area is in the Museum of International Folk Art (MOIFA) collection at Santa Fe, USA. [Stillman, 1979, p. 66, 67.]

ee also

*Beit Dagan
*List of villages depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war
*Palestinian costumes
*Sakher Habash

External links

* [ Palestine Remembered - Bayt Dajan]
* [ Black Beit Dajan dress, with a rare embroidered scarf]
* [ Detail of a sleeve from a Beit Dajan thob al abayed, 1920's - 30's (Tareq Rajab Museum, Kuwait)]
* [ Beit-Dajan dress, together with costumes from Safryieh and Asdoud]
* [ Thob of Beit Dajan (Jaffa District)] . This "thob" is rich in embroidery, main colour is red touched with lilac and green. It has "manajel" on the sides, and is worn with a belt.



*Stillman, Yedida Kalfol (1979). "Palestinian Costume and Jewelry," ISBN 0-8263-0490-7
*Weir, Shelagh (1989). "Palestinian Costume", London: British Museum Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-7141-2517-2. (exhibition catalog; see also chapters five and six (p. 203-270) on "Changing Fashions in Beit Dajan" and "Wedding Rituals in Beit Dajan".

Additional reading

*Widad Kawar/Shelagh Weir: [ "Costumes and Wedding Customs in Bayt Dajan"]
*Sharon, Moshe (1997): " [ Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae] " (Bayt Dajan [,M1 p 89-93] ) ISBN 9004110836,

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayt Dajan — Original name in latin Bayt Dajan Name in other language Bayt Dajan, Beit Dajan, byt djn State code PS Continent/City Asia/Hebron longitude 32.19303 latitude 35.37127 altitude 525 Population 3487 Date 2012 02 28 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Beit Dajan — Bayt Dajan may refer to:* Bayt Dajan, an abandoned Arab village in what is now Israel. * Beit Dajan, a town in the West Bank …   Wikipedia

  • Furush Beit Dajan — Infobox Palestinian Authority muni name=Furush Beit Dajan imgsize=250 caption= arname=بيت دجن meaning= founded= type=mund typefrom= altOffSp=Froush Beit Dajan altUnoSp=Furush Bayt Dajan governorate=nb latd=32|latm=11|lats=34.57|latNS=N… …   Wikipedia

  • Beit Dajan, Nablus — Infobox Palestinian Authority muni name=Beit Dajan imgsize=250 caption= arname=بيت دجن meaning= founded= type=munc typefrom= altOffSp= altUnoSp=Bayt Dajan governorate=nb population=3,685 popyear=2007 latd=32|latm=11|lats=31.70|latNS=N… …   Wikipedia

  • District of Jaffa — The District of Jaffa was an administrative district, situated in the British Mandate of Palestine around the city of Jaffa. After the 1948 Arab Israeli War, the district disintegrated. Depopulated settlements al Abbasiyya · Abu Kishk · …   Wikipedia

  • Palestinian costumes — are the traditional clothing worn by Palestinians. Foreign travelers to Palestine in late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries often commented on the rich variety of the costumes worn, particularly by the fellaheen or village women. Many of… …   Wikipedia

  • District of Jerusalem — This article is about the administrative district in Mandate Palestine. For the administrative district in Israel, see Jerusalem District. The District of Jerusalem was an administrative district, situated in the British Mandate of Palestine… …   Wikipedia

  • District of Ramle — The District of Ramle was an administrative sub district, a division of the Lydda district of the British Mandate of Palestine. The sub district s main city was Ramle. Its total population in 1944 was estimated at 123,490, of which 88,560 were… …   Wikipedia

  • Iraq Suwaydan — Iraq Suwaydan …   Wikipedia

  • Tzippori — Mona Lisa of the Galilee . Part of a mosaic floor in Tzippori. Tzippori (Hebrew: צִפּוֹרִי, ציפורי‎‎), also known as Sepphoris …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.