102nd Military Base

Infobox Military Structure
name=261st Rifle Division (1941-45)
37th Rifle Division (postwar)
127th Motor Rifle Division (1965-1990s)
102nd Military Base (1990s-present)
location=Near Gyumri, Armenia


caption=
type=Military Base, former division
built= circa World War II (?)
materials=
used=1940s-Present
controlledby= Russian Federation
garrison=
commanders=Polkovnik Yuri Kosyenko
battles=

The Russian 102nd Military Base ( _ru. 102-я Российская военная база; _hy. Ռուսական 102-րդ Ռազմական Կայան) is a Russian military base in Gyumri, Armenia, part of the Transcaucasian Group of Forces. It was formerly the Soviet Army's 127th Motor Rifle Division of the Soviet Seventh Guards Army. The base is about 120 kilometers (75 miles) north of the Armenian capital, Yerevan.

The 102nd Military Base traces its history to the 261st Rifle Division of the Soviet Union's Red Army. The 261st Rifle Division was originally formed in 1941. [ [http://samsv.narod.ru/Div/Sd/sd261/default.html 261-я стрелковая дивизия ] ] It was probably activated in the Odessa Military District in July-August 1941. [ [http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1941/19410801.html Боевой состав Советской Армии на 1 августа 1941 г ] ] It was assigned to the 12th Army of the North Caucasus Front later in 1941 and remained with that Army up to at least August 1942 but then was assigned to the Transcaucasian Front's Black Sea Group of Forces. It then spent much of the later part of World War II, from January 1, 1943, [ [http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1943/19430101.html Combat Composition of the Soviet Army, January 1, 1943] (Russian)] onwards with the small 45th Army of the Transcaucasian Front which was guarding the USSR's borders with Turkey. [Keith E. Bonn (ed.), Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, 2005, p.324] After the war ended, the 261st Rifle Division was briefly designated the 37th Rifle Division but then became the 127th Motor Rifle Division in 1965. [Feskov et al, 'The Soviet Army during the Period of Cold War,' Tomsk University Press, Tomsk, 2004]

Order of Battle, 127th MRD, 1989-90 [А.Г.Ленского и М.М.Цыбина „Советские сухопутные войска в последний год существования СССР” (Санкт-Петербург, 2001)]

The city of Gyumri was known as Leninakan up to 1990.
*107th Motor Rifle Regiment (Leninakan/Ленинакан): 10 Т-72; 3 BMP (1 БМP-1, 2 BRM-1К); 12 D-30; 2 R-145BM, 1 BTR-50PUM; 15 МТ-LBТ
*124th Motor Rifle Regiment (Leninakan): 10 Т-72; 87 BTR (81 БТР-70, 6 БТР-60), 3 БМП (1 БМП-1, 2 БРМ-1К); 12 Д-30; 1 Р-145БМ, 1 БТР-50PUM; 15 МТ-LBТ
*128-й мотострелковый полк (Leninakan): 10 Т-72; 110 BMP (41 BMP-2, 64 BMP-1, 5 BRM-1К), 2 BTR-70; 12 - 2S1; 2 БМP-1KSh, 4 R-145BM, 3 PU-12;1 МТU-20
*1360th Motor Rifle Regiment (Leninakan): 12 D-30; 3 - 1V18, 1 - 1V19, 3 R-145BM
*120th Tank Regiment (Ленинакан): 31 БТР-70; 14 BМP (5 BMP-2, 5 BMP-1, 4 BRM-1K), 2 BTR-70; 1 BMP-1KSh, 2 R-145BM; БРЭМ-2; 2 МТU-20
*992nd Artillery Regiment (Ленинакан): 36 D-30; 12 BM-21 "Grad"
*988th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
*357th Separate Rocket Battalion (SSMs)
*772th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion (Leninakan): 1 Р-145БМ
*628th Separate Signal Battalion (Leninakan): 12 Р-145БМ, 1 БТР-50ПУ
*550th Separate Engineer-Sapper Battalion (Leninakan): 1 UR-67
*626th Separate Battalion of chemical protection (отдельный батальон химической защиты)
*174th Separate Repair-Regenerative Battalion (отдельный ремонтно-восстановительный батальон)
*1552nd Separate battalion of Material Maintenance (отдельный батальон материального обеспечения)

On 19 November 1990 the 127th MRD had the following equipment:
*61 tanks (Т-72);
*130 BMPs (46 БМP-2, 71 БМP-1s, 13 BRM-1Ks);
*91 BTRs (85 БТР-70, 6 БТР-60);
*12 2S1 self-propelled guns
*72 D-30 artillery pieces;
*12 РСОЗ BM-21 "Grad"

1996 Onwards

By the mid-late 1990s the composition of the 127th Motor Rifle Division had changed, following the departure of the majority of the Soviet forces from Armenia. It consisted of the 123rd, 124th, and 128th Motor Rifle Regiments, the 992nd Artillery Regiment, and the 116th Independent Tank Battalion. The 123rd Motor Rifle Regiment was formed from the former 164th Motor Rifle Division, also stationed in Armenia.

There are 3,000 Russian soldiers officially reported to be stationed at the 102nd Military Base located in Gyumri. In early 2005, the 102nd Military Base had 74 tanks, 17 infantry fighting vehicles, 148 armored personnel carriers, 84 artillery pieces, 30 MiG-29 fighters and several batteries of S-300 anti-aircraft missiles. A great deal of military hardware has been moved to the 102nd Base from the Russian 12th Military Base in Batumi and the Russian 62nd Military Base in Akhalkalaki, Georgia [ [http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav062805.shtml EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Armenia and Azerbaijan Differ Over Russian Base Pull-Out ] ] which includes 35 tanks and armored vehicles and 370 pieces of military hardware. The military base is part of a joint air defense system of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), which was deployed in Armenia in 1995. Furthermore, the Armenian Air Force relies partially upon the Russian MiG-29s located at the military base, for the defense of Armenia's airspace.

The Russian military base was deployed on the territory of Armenia as early as 1996 (before that, the installation was still known as the 127th MRD of the Soviet Ground Forces). The bilateral treaty states that the Russian military will be in the base for 25 years, but Armenian authorities have said that if needed this time-frame can be reviewed, and exclusively in the direction of prolongation. Although Russia does not pay the Armenian government for the military base stationed in Gyumri, the Armenian side takes care of all public utilities water, electricity, etc. [http://www.hetq.am/eng/politics/0602-az.html]

In 1997, Armenia and Russia signed a far-reaching friendship treaty, which calls for mutual assistance in the event of a military threat to either party and allows Russian border guards to patrol Armenia’s frontiers with Turkey and Iran.

ee also

*Armed Forces of Armenia
*Lists of military installations
*Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

External links

* [http://www.panarmenian.net/news/eng/?nid=21103 New devices to be mounted in 102nd Russian base]

References


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