Pomorie ( _bg. Поморие; formerly known as Αγχίαλος "Anchialos" in Greek, "Anchialus" in
Latin, "Tuthom" in Bulgar and Анхиало, "Anhialo", a Bulgarianized Greek form, _tr. Ahyolu) is a town and seaside resort in southeastern Bulgaria, located on a narrow rocky peninsula in Burgas Bayon the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It is located in Burgas Province20 km from Burgasand 18 km from Sunny Beach. The ultrasaline lagoon Lake Pomorie, the northernmost of the Burgas Lakes, lies in the immediate proximity.
Pomorie is an ancient city and today an important tourist destination. As of September 2005GR|Bulgaria it has a population of 14,600 and the mayor is Petar Zlatanov. It lies at coord|42|33|N|27|39|E.
Greek colony and Roman centre
Possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century BC as a colony of Apollonia (today
Sozopol), Anchialos was mentioned in Strabo's "Geographica" as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria ( Nesebar) in the 2nd century BC, but reconquered by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The name "Anchialos" is derived from Ancient Greek"anchi-" ("near, close to") and "als-" (either "salt" or a poetic and uncommon word for "sea").
The western Black Sea coast was ultimately conquered by the Romans under
Marcus Licinius Crassusin 29-28 BC after continuous campaigns in the area since 72-71. The fortified wall was meanwhile rebuilt, as evidenced by Ovidin 9 AD en route to Tomis. In the early 1st century AD Anchialos was the centre of a "strategia" of the vassal Odrysian kingdom, and the town had a Thracian population in the 6th century AD according to the early Byzantine historian Procopius. As the Odrysian kingdom's self-independence was abolished in 45 AD, Anchialos became part of the Roman provinceof Thraceand was formally proclaimed a city under Emperor Trajan. At the time the city controlled a vast territory bordering that of Augusta Trajana ( Stara Zagora) and reaching the Tundzhato the west, bordering that of Messembria to the north and the southern shore of Lake Burgasto the south. Anchialos acquired the appearance of a Roman city and thrived considerably in the 2nd and 3rd century under the Severan Dynasty, seving as the most important import and export station of Thrace.
Early Byzantine rule
However, the invasion of
barbariantribes from the north meant an end to this prosperity in the middle of the 3rd century, with the Gothsbriefly conquering Anchialos around 270. Diocletianstayed in the city between 28 and 30 October 294. His and Constantine the Great's reforms restored the city's prosperity for a while, as the proximity to the new capital of Constantinoplemade Anchialos a key food supply centre. Theodoric the Greatpassed through the city in 476 on the way to Adrianople. A high-ranking Byzantine general named Vitalian in 513 revolted in the region and briefly took control of Anchialos and the neighbouring cities to use their fleet in his attack of Constantinople until he was crushed in 515. In the 5th-6th century it became the seat of an autocephalous archbishopric.
The Slavic and Avar invasion in 584 meant Anchialos was conquered and its fortifications were destroyed. Avar Khagan Bayan turned the city into his residence for a few months and concluded a peace treaty with the Byzantines. At the eve of his campaigns, the emperor Maurice visited the city to overlook reconstruction.
Byzantine and Bulgarian rule
After 681 and the formation of the
First Bulgarian Empireto the north Anchialos played an important role in many conflicts between the two empires. In 708 the forces of Justinian IIwere completely defeated near the fortress by the army of Bulgar Khan Tervel. On 30 June 763the Bulgars under Telets suffered a defeat by the Byzantine army of Constantine V. On 21 June 766the same emperor's fleet of 2,600 heavy ships sank en route to Anchialos, where Constantine was waiting, and most soldiers drowned, forcing him to return to Constantinople.
In May 783 Irene undertook a demonstrative campaign across Thrace and restored Anchialos' destroyed fortifications. The city was first conquered by the Bulgarian Empire in 812, under Khan Krum, who settled Slavs and Bulgars in Anchialos. The Byzantines restored their control over the city and the area in 864.
Battle of Anchialustook place near the city on 20 August 917, and was one of Tsar Simeon the Great's greatest military achievements. Simeon's army routed the considerably larger Byzantine forces under Leo Phocas. Bulgaria retained the city until 971, when the Byzantine Empire reconquered it and held it for two centuries as Bulgaria was subjugated. After the restoration of the Bulgarian state Anchialos changed hands several times until it was captured by the Venetian knights of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoyin October 1366.
After the Ottoman invasion of the
Balkansin the 14th century, Anchialos remained a Byzantine bulwark until conquered in 1453 together with Constantinople. As part of the Ottoman administration, it became the centre of a kazaalso encompassing the area around Sozopol. It was the centre of an eparchyof the Patriarchate of Constantinopleand continued to act as a cultural, religious, economic and administrative centre of the region until the early 19th century, as many noble Byzantine families settled after 1453. Two Patriarchs of Constantinople stem from the city—Michael III of Anchialus (1170–1178) and Jeremias II Tranos (1572–1579, 1580–1584, 1587–1595).
Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829Anchialos was captured by the Russian forces on 11 July 1829and held for a year. At the time it was mainly inhabited by Greeksand Bulgarians, had a population of 5,000-6,000, six Orthodox churches and a mosque. After the Russian forces withdrew the whole of what is today Eastern Bulgaria gradually depopulated, with many people fleeing in the Christian lands to the north. The St George's Monastery was founded in 1856.
Anchialos was liberated from Ottoman rule on
27 January 1878and became part of Eastern Rumeliauntil Bulgaria unified in 1886. During the 19th and 20th century it gradually lost most of its importance in the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast at the expense of the rapidly developing Burgas. It established itself as a centre of wine and salt production and was renamed "Pomorie" in 1934 from "po" "by" and "more" "the sea". The town accommodated many Bulgarian refugees from Eastern Thrace, mainly from around Lozengradafter World War I, who replaced the Greeks who had fled in the first decade of the 20th century; in 1906 they founded Nea Anchialosin Greece.
* Municipal museum and gallery
* Museum of Salt
* Ancient Thracian beehive tomb (3rd century AD)
* Traditional 19th-century wooden houses
* Church of the Birth of the Most Holy
Mother of God(1890)
* Church of the
Transfigurationof God (1765)
St George's Monastery (1856)
* Yavorov's Rocks
Pomorie is also the seat of Pomorie municipality (part of Burgas Province), which, in addition to Pomorie, includes the following 15 villages and 1 town (in bold):
Pomorie Pointon Livingston Islandin the South Shetland Islands, Antarcticais named after Pomorie.
* [http://www.pomorie.com Official website of Pomorie]
* [http://www.bulrest.com/pomorie Travel guide and accommodation info - Pomorie]
* [http://www.pomorie.org/site/ Pomorie municipality]
* [http://pomorie.net/ Pomorie.net]
* [http://www.Anhialo.info/ Anhialo.info — tourism portal of Pomorie]
* [http://www.monasterypomorie.org St George's Monastery of Pomorie]
* [http://www.panoramio.com/user/1018024 Image Gallery of the Pomorie Municipality]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Pomorie — (Поморие) Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pomorié — Поморие Administration Pays Bulgarie … Wikipédia en Français
Pomorie — [po mɔriɛ], bis 1934 Anchiạlo, Anhialo [aȖxi alo], türkisch Ahyolo [ ahjɔlu], Stadt im Gebiet Burgas, Bulgarien, auf einer Felsenhalbinsel am Schwarzen Meer, etwa 10 000 Einwohner; Seebad und Kurort (Heilschlammpackungen); Fischereihafen mit… … Universal-Lexikon
Pomorie — Original name in latin Pomorie Name in other language Ahiolo, Akhillo, Akhilu, Akhiolo, Anchialo, Anchialos, Anchijelo, Anchilejo, Anhialo, Anhiolo, Ankhelu, Ankhel Ankhialo, Ankhiolo, Pomorie, Pomoriye, Pomorye, Поморие State code BG… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Pomorie — Sp Pomòrijė Ap Поморие/Pomorie L mst. ir p lis PR Bulgarijoje … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Pomorie Bay Apartments and Spa — (Поморие,Болгария) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Europa 58, 8200 П … Каталог отелей
Pomorie Point — (Nos Pomorie nos po mo ri e) is a point on the coast of McFarlane Strait forming the N side of the entrance to Lister Cove, Varna Peninsula, Livingston Island, Antarctica.The point is named after the Bulgarian town of Pomorie.LocationThe point is … Wikipedia
Pomorié (obchtina) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pomorié (homonymie). Commune Pomorié Община Поморие … Wikipédia en Français
Pomorie-See — Karte der Seen um die Stadt Burgas Der Pomorie See ist eine Lagune und befindet sich in der Nähe der gleichnamigen im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. gegründeten Stadt Pomorie auf der Pomorie Halbinsel am Schwarzen Meer in Bulgarien. Er ist Teil des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pomorié (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pomorié (signifiant, dans les langues slaves, situé le long de la mer) peut désigner : Pomorié, ville située dans l est de la Bulgarie ; Pomorié … Wikipédia en Français