Servi camerae regis

Servi camerae regis (Latin: "servants of the royal chamber", German: "Kammerknechtschaft") was the status of the Jews in Christian Europe in the Middle Ages. The ruler had the right to tax them for the benefit of his treasury ("camera regis"), but at the same time he had a duty to protect them when they were in danger from others. The Laws of Edward the Confessor enacted in England in the 12th century defined the status of the Jews as follows:

References

* Roth, Cecil (1997). "Antisemitism". "Encyclopedia Judaica" (CD-ROM Edition Version 1.0). Ed. Cecil Roth. Keter Publishing House. ISBN 965-07-0665-8


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SERVI CAMERAE REGIS — (Lat. servants of the royal chamber ), definition of the status of the Jews in Christian Europe in the Middle Ages, first used in the 13th century. The Kammerknechtschaft, as it was termed in German, was explained in the Holy Roman Empire (in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLAND — POLAND, republic in E. Central Europe; the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania united formally (Poland Lithuania) in 1569. This article is arranged according to the following outline: the early settlements jewish legal status… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Меир из Ротенбурга — (Маhарам из Ротенбурга; 1215(1215), Вормс  1293, Энзисхайм, Эльзас)  один из последних тосафистов, духовный лидер еврейства Германии. Биография Рабби Меир происходил из известного раввинского рода в Германии. Его отец Барух был главой… …   Википедия

  • евреи —         еврейская диаспора, в странах Западной Европы; исповедовавшие иудаизм, Е.и составляли многочисленный слой иноверцев, изолированно живших внутри средневекового христианского общества. Растущая на протяжении средневековья религиозная… …   Словарь средневековой культуры

  • Antisemitismus: Ein Deutungsversuch —   Das Wort »Antisemitismus« dient einerseits als Oberbegriff für jede Art von Judenfeindschaft, andererseits charakterisiert dieses im letzten Drittel des 19. Jahrhunderts entstandene Wort im engeren Sinne eine neue, nicht christlich, sondern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BOHEMIA — (Cz. Čecny, Česko, Tschechien; Ger. Boehmen; Heb. פעהם, פיהם, כנען, בהם), independent kingdom in Central Europe, until the beginning of the 14th century, affiliated later in the Middle Ages with the Holy Roman Empire. In 1526 it became part of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HAPSBURG (Habsburg) MONARCHY — HAPSBURG (Habsburg) MONARCHY, multi national empire in Central Europe under the rule of the Hapsburg dynasty from 1273 until 1918; from 1867 known as Austro Hungary. Its nucleus was austria and it included at different times countries with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KROMERIZ — (Czech Kroměříž; Ger. Kremsier), town in central Moravia, Czech Republic. The Jewish community of Kromeriz was among the oldest in Europe. In 1322 the bishop of olomouc (Olmuetz) was permitted to allow one Jew to settle in the town, exempt from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LOUIS° — LOUIS°, name of 18 kings of France. Of particular importance in Jewish history are the following:   LOUIS I (the Pious; 778–840), king of Aquitaine (from the age of three), emperor of the West from 814. Of the Carolingian emperors, Louis was the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NAUHEIM — (Bad Nauheim), town in Hesse, Germany. Jews may have lived in Nauheim as early as 1303; during the black death persecutions (1348) they were expelled from the duchy of hanau . In 1464 three Jewish households are noted in the city; in a document… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.