USS Windlass (ARS(D)-4)
USS "Windlass" (ARS(D)-4) was originally conceived as "LSM-552" and laid down on
27 August 1945at Houston, TX, by Brown Shipbuilding Corporation; launched on 7 December 1945; and commissioned on 9 April 1946in Houston at the Tennessee Coal and Iron Docks, Lieutenant CommanderRodney F. Snipes, USNR, in command.
Following further alterations and trials, "Windlass" shifted to
Galveston, TX, on 13 December, en route to her home port, Charleston, SC. The salvage ship operated locally out of Charleston into May 1947 when she shifted to Norfolk, VAin May to conduct a towing exercise with her sister ship, "Salvager" (ARS(D)-3). The two ships departed the tidewater area for Bayonne, NJ, on 18 June, before they shifted to Narragansett Bayto salvage the tug "One Wolf" (YTB-179)—sunk in a collision in December 1946. "Windlass" and "Salvager" pooled their efforts to lift the sunken yard tug from 130 feet of water. One body still on board the sunken tug was recovered and taken ashore for burial.
"Windlass" and her sister ship returned to Bayonne on
28 Julybut sailed for Mexicoearly the next month. Arriving at Veracruz on 15 August, "Windlass" assisted "Salvager" in raising two sunken Mexican barges in a two-week operation. Both salvage vessels then headed northward, bound for Bayonne. After touching at Key West, FL, and Norfolk, they conducted exercises in Chesapeake Baybefore they reached Bayonne early in September.
10 September, "Windlass", in company with "Salvager", began searching for the sunken YP-387. She located the wreck and began salvage operations while "Salvager" returned to Bayonne, apparently to get necessary equipment. "Windlass" apparently shifted briefly to Norfolk, for the same reason before both heavy-lifting salvage vessels returned to the site of the sunken YP off Hereford, NJ, on 1 October. Two days later, they placed demolition charges in the sunken "Yippie boat" and blew her up to prevent her from being a hazard to navigation. "Windlass" and her sister ship then returned to Bayonne.
Later that month, though, "Windlass" and "Salvager" again went to sea via Charleston, this time to 31°19'N/80°58'W, to search for "YTB-274". Aided by a blimp, the two salvage vessels streamed sweep wires and eventually located the sunken wreck of the YTB on
21 October. "Windlass" and "Salvager" went into three-point moors over the sunken ship and commenced salvage operations. They recovered one body on 27 Octoberbefore they blew up the wreck on 2 Novemberto prevent its becoming a navigational menace. After exercises on their return voyage, the two salvage vessels made port at Bayonne on 3 November.
"Windlass" underwent a regular overhaul at the
Charleston Naval Shipyardin April 1948, during which time she received additional radio and electronic gear and heavier anchors. The yard also reinforced the hull and added various engineering features. Upon completion of those alterations, "Windlass" returned to her home berth at Bayonne in June and remained there until 5 August, when she and "Salvager" sailed for Norfolk.
"Windlass" and "Salvager" assisted in a four-point moor over "U-1105" on
10 August 1948arid conducted salvage tests off Piney Point, MD on the former German U-boatuntil 25 August. Hurricane Carolinterrupted operations as she swept through the area on 30 and 31 August, but both salvage vessels rode out the storm without damage, despite the force 5 winds. "Windlass" took the almost-submerged "U-1105" undertow, supporting her partially with pontoons, and moored the ship on 28 September. "Windlass" and "Salvager" then performed various moors and salvage operations on the submarine's hulk off Piney Point until 18 Novemberbefore returning to Bayonne. There, "Windlass" remained into 1949.
Again in company with "Salvager", "Windlass" moved to
Newport, RI, in early February 1949, for a period of upkeep alongside "Vulcan" (AR-5). Later that month, "Windlass" shifted to Newport and trained there before she returned to Bayonne on 23 March.
"Windlass" conducted mooring operations with
USCG"Tug 8188" and "YTB-541" at Little Placentia Sound, NS Argentia, Newfoundland, in late May before returning to Bayonne on 1 June. She remained in port there until the 28th. when she got underway for Norfolk, again in company with "Salvager". "Windless" remained at Norfolk until 8 July, when she headed for Piney Point, the scene of her earlier experimental salvage evolutions on U-1105. From 11 Julyto 26 September, "Windless" and "Salvager" assisted in the shifting of moorings of U-1105 while salvage tests were being conducted upon the ship. During that time, a heavy storm with winds un to 80 knots passed through the area, forcing "Windlass" to shift her mooring to deeper water where her anchors would hold.
For the remainder of 1949, "Windlass" operated in company with "Salvager", at Norfolk, Bayonne, and in the
Little Creek, DEarea, before both ships underwent availability alongside "Amphion" (AR-13) at Charleston. From there, the longstanding partners returned to Bayonne to await their next assignment.
In January 1950, "Missouri" (BB-63) ran aground off the Thimble Shoals Light Station in Chesapeake Bay. "Windlass" and all other available salvage vessels were called to the scene to assist in one of the largest single salvage efforts since
World War II. Various attempts to float the battleshipoff the shoalproved unsuccessful. That included running a division of destroyers by at high speed (an attempt to dislodge the ship by the wave force from the wakes of the ships) and the off-loading of fuel and ammunition. Still, the big battlewagon refused to budge.
Finally, however, a solution was worked out. With "Windlass" and "Salvager" in keystone positions, the various tugs, salvage ships, and submarine rescue vessels were utilized so as to maximize their pulling power. As a result of that combined effort, "Missouri" finally slid free but nearly ran down several of the salvage ships, including "Windlass". For her part in that operation, "Windlass" received a commendation.
For the remainder of 1950, "Windlass" performed various salvage tasks off the eastern seaboard and in the
British West Indies. She investigated the wreck of SS "Chile" off Cape Henry, ascertaining whether or not the wreck was of sufficient danger to be a hazard to navigation; recovered practice mines; raised an LCVPoff Wolf Trap Lighthouse; and planted moorings at Bermuda. Early in 1951, the ship continued planting moorings, this time in Lynnhaven Roads. "Windlass"' divers cleared a fouled tug propeller and removed several objects from Norfolk harbor.
After conducting a channel survey at Charleston, in April, "Windlass" returned to the
Hampton Roadsarea, where she was present when the seaplane tender"Valcour" (AVP-55) caught fire on 14 May 1951. "Windlass" rendered fire fighting assistance, pumped necessary compartments dry, and maintained flooding boundaries while rigging temporary gasoline lines and removing the volatile aviation gas from the seaplane tender's storage tanks. "Windlass"' divers subsequently inspected that ship for underwater damage, and "Windlass" herself received a commendation for her part in averting a near disaster.
Other operations performed by "Windlass" during 1951 included removing channel obstructions, raising an LCM and a small boat, refloating the grounded "PC-572" off Cedar Point, removing the obstruction which had fouled a propeller of "Gearing" (DD-710), righting a target sled, conducting diving school, and mooring the hulk of the former "YC-313" in the
Potomac River. "Windlass" arrived at the Charleston Naval Shipyard on 12 November1951 and remained there until 8 January 1952, undergoing an overhaul. During that time, the ship's hull was again stiffened and her engines overhauled.
After leaving the shipyard, "Windlass" conducted diving operations off
Cape Charles, VAbefore she proceeded to Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, to assist in rigging "YC-1060" for technical tests. On 14 February1952, "Windlass", towing "YC-1010", got underway for Norfolk. Two days later, while the salvage ship and her charge were en route to their destination, an explosion occurred in "Windlass port engine crankcase, injuring one man and starting a fire. After the crew extinguished the blaze with no further damage, "Windlass" proceeded the remainder of the way to Norfolk on one engine. After arrival, both of "Windlass engines were inspected carefully and again overhauled.
In March, April, and May 1952, "Windlass" operated at
Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, rigging test targets for demolition experiments. In addition, she set off the charges and retrieved underwater models before returning to Norfolk, again towing YC-1010. The ship continued her association with ordnance-related projects that summer, surveying a mooring site; and mooring underwater explosive barges and "Ulua" (ex-SS-428) in Chesapeake Bay at the mouth of the Patuxent Riverfor the Naval Ordnance Laboratory(NOL), Solomons, MD. During July and August, the ship set off some of the charges involved in NOL's testing program.
"Windlass" then sailed to
Cape Fear, NC, later that summer and surveyed the area around the sunken YSD-68. A hurricanecaused a brief change in plans, however, as the salvage ship shifted briefly to Charleston to avoid it. On 29 September, "Windlass" began dragging the bottom with a "hawk" anchor and, on 6 October, located the self-propelled seaplane wrecking derrick on the bottom, upside down. Despite a period of "unusually adverse weather" and what "Windlass"' command history termed "the usual salvage job setbacks," "Windlass" raised YSD-68 early in November. The bad weather during that period had meant frequent interruptions to put into the nearest port, Southport, NC.
Returning to the Norfolk area after salvaging YSD-68, "Windlass" conducted local salvage and diving operations for the remainder of 1952. The salvage vessel remained at Norfolk into February 1953, when she commenced a search for a downed Navy plane on the 5th of the month. Crash boats from NAS,
Atlantic City, NJ, assisted "Windlass" in the dragging operations begun that same day and located the plane, minus its tail section, soon thereafter. "Windless" raised the plane, brought it on board between the two "horns" forward, and returned to Norfolk where the aircraft was removed by a dockside crane. That salvage effort set a precedent for the new and useful application of ships like "Windlass" and her sisters.
After salvaging a target raft at
Newport News, VA, "Windlass" pulled the grounded yacht "Boudoin" off the south shore of the Potomac River on 18 Februarybefore resuming local operations that carried into the summer of 1953. "Windlass" emerged from her overhaul in early October and proceeded thence to St. Thomas and Roosevelt Roads, where the ship assisted in underwater explosive experiments in November.
Shifting back to Norfolk, "Windlass" served as standby and duty salvage vessel there into the spring of 1954, recovering several practice mines and anchors during that time. She participated in Project "Caesar" out of Shelburne harbor, Nova Scotia, trenching and blasting in the ocean floor off the
Nova Scotiacoast. At one point during the mission, "Windlass" took shelter in Shelburne harbor from Hurricane Edna.
In September, "Windlass" returned to Norfolk where she resumed her local operations. Two months later, on
8 November 1954, "Windlass" headed to a point off Cape Henry where she commenced salvage operations trying to raise two sunken planes. One broke up while being raised and could not be recovered. On 13 November, "Windlass" recovered the body of one aviator that had been lost in one of the downed planes.
"Windlass" operated locally out of Norfolk into 1955. The following summer, she again participated in Project "Caesar" evolutions—in mid-June off Shelburne; in late July off
Cape May, NJ; and in September off Cape Hatteras, NC. After underway training out of Newport and rest and recreation at New York, NY, "Windlass" attempted the salvage of the sunken yacht "Turbatross" off Tangier Islandin Chesapeake Bay. Although the Navy salvage effort was initially successful in raising the sunken vessel, "Turbatross"' hull warped badly and sank again when a sling strap parted.
"Windlass" received a summons to assist in refloating the grounded destroyer "Basilone" (DDE-824) off
Fort Story. Rough weather hampered the operations which were begun on 5 January 1956, and "Seneca" (ATF-91) also ran aground during the attempt to pull "Basilone" free. Wires snapped on board "Hoist" (ARS-40), and "Windlass" dragged dangerously near the destroyer and the beach but managed to cut loose and steer clear. With ice on her decks and rigging, "Windlass" returned to Norfolk the next day.
When the weather moderated, "Windlass" and "Salvager" returned to the scene of the dual grounding. The former pulled off stranded "Seneca", and the latter pulled "Basilone" free. "Windlass" remained in the vicinity to pick up beach gear anchors and wires strewn over the bottom, recovering a total of 14 anchors.
For the next 10 years, "Windlass" conducted a regular schedule of operations out of Norfolk or Charleston, performing salvage and diving jobs of many different types. In mid-July 1956, the ship again participated in Project "Caesar"; she pulled a target sled off a beach in Chesapeake Bay in November, and finished the year by pulling "Seagull" (MSF-55) off the beach east of Little Creek. In the spring of 1957, "Windlass" operated for three weeks at
Chincoteague, VA, in a Jupiter missile nose conerecovery. That summer, the ship recovered most of the wreckage from two AJ Savage bombers that had collided late in June off Oceanview, VA. She later conducted exercises with "Salvager" before returning to Norfolk for diver qualifications; she was preparing to enjoy Christmasliberty when an emergency work request to raise the sunken YSD-56 came through. On 16 December 1957, the ship put to sea and spent five days engaged in the task, only to admit defeat when the badly wrecked YSD appeared so badly torn and ruptured that refloatation was impossible, and the YSD sank again on 23 December. At 2315 that evening, Commander, Service Force, Atlantic Fleet, sent a dispatch releasing "Windlass" from recovery operations so that all hands could enjoy the Christmas holidays.
"Windlass" subsequently recovered the wrecks of airplanes, salvaged small landing craft that had sunk during amphibious maneuvers, and participated in other classified projects in locales that ranged from Argentia, Newfoundland, to Chesapeake Bay; from
Guantanamoto Assateague Island; and from San Salvadorto Nova Scotia. In addition, the ship cleared navigational channels and, again operating in company with "Salvager", raised the sunken "YTB-495" in mid-June 1960. She retrieved the downed airshipKE-5 in mid-July of that year and recovered two destroyer anchors slipped during Hurricane Donnain September 1960. The year 1961 was one which held both honor and tragedy for the ship. In May 1961, she received the Ney Award for having the best general mess in ships of her class. Unfortunately in May 1961, one man was killed and one seriously injured during the salvage of "Baldwin" (DD-624) which had run aground under tow off Montauk Point.
In July 1965, the ship's home port was changed from Little Creek, to Davisville, RI. No sooner had she shifted her base northward when she was called to the
Mississippi Riveron salvage alert due to the passage of Hurricane Betsy. She departed Davisville on 11 Septemberand arrived at New Orleans, LAon 20 Septemberto commence salvage operations on the USNS "Kellar" (T-AGS-25), sunk in the Mississippi. She moored over "Kellar" on the 23rd; commenced salvage rigging; and ultimately righted the Military Sea Transportation Serviceship on 7 October.
After salvage operations on "Kellar" were completed on
11 November, "Windlass" began preparations for decommissioning. On 23 November 1965, "Windlass" was decommissioned at New Orleans and converted to a non-self-propelled craft over the ensuing months. Re-classified as a medium salvage craft on 16 October 1967and given the hull number (YMLC-4), "Windlass" was placed in service with Advanced Bases, Pacific area, but was used minimally in ensuing years. Since replacement craft attained superior lift capability, the need for "Windlass"' services diminished; she was accordingly struck from the Navy Registeron 1 August 1972and sold on 6 March 1973to the Union Minerals and Alloys Corp., New York, where she was cut up for scrap.
USS "Windlass" received:
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/33/3304.htm navsource.org: USS "Windlass"] "(Note: Non-Public domain images of the USS Windlass are available here.)"
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w9/windlass.htm history.navy.mil: USS "Windlass"]
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