Committees for the Defense of the Revolution
Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (Spanish: Comités de Defensa de la Revolución), or CDR, is a network of neighborhood committees across Cuba. The organizations, described as the "eyes and ears of the Revolution", exist to promote social welfare and report on "counter-revolutionary" activity. As of 2010, 8.4 million Cubans of the national population of 11.2 million, were registered as CDR members.
The CDR system was formed by Fidel Castro on September 28, 1960, following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, which overthrow the U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista. The slogan of the CDR is, "¡En cada barrio, Revolución!" ("In every neighborhood, Revolution!").
The CDR officials have the duty to monitor the activities of each person on their respective blocks. There is an individual file kept on each block resident, some of which reveal the internal dynamics of households.
Its defenders note that CDR have other important responsibilities beyond their function to monitor the individual's political and moral background; these include arranging festivals, administrating many voluntary community projects, and organizing mass rallies. Proponents also emphasize that CDR put medical, educational, or other campaigns into national effect and that, being organized on a geographical basis, they also act as centers for many who do not work in farms or factories and hence include a large proportion of female membership. The CDR's also take a role an active role in vaccination campaigns, blood banks, recycling, practicing evacuations for hurricanes, and backing up the government in its fight against corruption.
However, a 2006 Amnesty International report noted CDR involvement in repeated human rights violations that included verbal as well as physical violence. Critics also contend that the CDR's are a repressive tool, giving the government a heads-up on dissident activities on the micro-local level, sometimes tattling on the non-compliant. and name CDR's as "one of the lead entities responsible for the wave of repression sweeping through Cuba" including a brutal beating of nearly 50 Ladies in White in Havana in August 2011.
Elizardo Sanchez, a Cuban dissident, described the CDR as "a tool for the systematic and mass violation of human rights, for ideological and repressive discrimination. They assist the police and the secret service." Whereas Lazaro Sanchez, a CDR supporter, says of the CDR that, "The (U.S.) Enemy as well as Cuban sellouts take advantage of confusion to sow doubts. If we have to act, we are going to act. Our streets cannot belong to criminals, or to counterrevolutionaries. The U.S. Empire has the FBI; the Revolution has its CDRs."
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Committee for the Defense of the Revolution — may refer to: Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, Cuba Committee for the Defence of the Revolution, (CDR), Ghana This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an … Wikipedia
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine — Not to be confused with Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين القيادة العامة … Wikipedia
The Committee of Correspondence Newsletter — later known as The Correspondent , was a publication of the Committee of Correspondence from 1961 through 1965.HistoryIn late 1959, toward the end of the Eisenhower Republican administration, some American intellectuals, mostly academics or soci … Wikipedia
The Fellowship (Christian organization) — For other groups of similar name, see The Fellowship. Fellowship Foundation Formation 1935 Headquarters Cedars, a mansion in Arlington, Virginia Associate Director Douglas Coe … Wikipedia
Defense of the Ancients — This article is about the custom scenario. For other uses, see DOTA. Defense of the Ancients Defense of the Ancients loading screen as of version 6.70, featuring depictions of several heroes. Designer(s) … Wikipedia
The Fountainhead — Fountainhead redirects here. For other uses, see Fountainhead (disambiguation). The Fountainhead … Wikipedia
Révolution Américaine — La Révolution américaine est une période de changements politiques importants provoqués par l insurrection des habitants des treize colonies d Amérique du Nord contre la Grande Bretagne à la fin du XVIIIe siècle. Épisode fondateur de la… … Wikipédia en Français
Révolution américaine — La Révolution américaine (1775 1783) est une période de changements politiques importants provoqués par l insurrection des habitants des treize colonies d Amérique du Nord contre la Grande Bretagne à la fin du XVIIIe siècle. Épisode… … Wikipédia en Français
Iranian Revolution — The Iranian Revolution (mostly known as the Islamic Revolution, [http://www.iranchamber.com/history/islamic revolution/islamic revolution.php Islamicaaaa Revolution] , Iran Chamber.] [http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia 761588431/Islamic… … Wikipedia
History of religion in the United States — The religious history of the United States begins more than a century before the former British colonies became the United States of America in 1776.Some of the original settlers were men and women of deep religious convictions. The religious… … Wikipedia