CountryLink logo
Mode Intrastate and Interstate Rail
Coach transport
Owner Rail Corporation
New South Wales Government
Area New South Wales, Victoria (Melbourne - Albury), Queensland (South East)
Founded 1989
Network Regional NSW such as Griffith, Albury and Murwillumbah and Intersate into Victoria and Queensland
Stations Many, including Melbourne (Southern Cross), Brisbane (Roma Street), Broken Hill and Canberra (Canberra City).
Ticketing Reserved Seats only (Paper and E-Tickets)
Public transport | v · d · e

CountryLink is the operator of passenger rail services in country New South Wales, Australia and into Queensland and Victoria. It is an operating brand of the Rail Corporation New South Wales, a government-owned entity. CountryLink operates rail services using two types of rollingstock - the XPT and the Xplorer, and contracts out connecting bus services to private operators.



CountryLink was formed as a business unit of the State Rail Authority in 1989 to operate all non-metropolitan long distance passenger services. It inherited a fleet of XPT and locomotive hauled passenger trains. This was following the election of the Greiner State Government in 1988 and the publication of the Booz- Allen Hamilton report into NSW rail services. This report recommended closing all country passenger services as they were considered economically unviable, however this was politically not feasible.[1]

The report's fall-back position was that NSW move to an all XPT fleet, a move which was initially implemented but never fully introduced. Many locomotive hauled long distance trains, such as the Brisbane Limited and the Pacific Coast MotoRail were withdrawn and replaced by XPT services at about this time. In 1993, CountryLink introduced its first and only new passenger stock- the Xplorer railcar, to replace the Northern Tablelands XPT to Tamworth and locomotive hauled services to Canberra. In 1996, political pressure forced the government to reintroduce passenger services to Griffith, initially as a weekly locomotive hauled service and later a weekly Xplorer service. A weekly service to Broken Hill was also reintroduced at about the same time.

In 2004, with the formation of RailCorp, CountryLink became an operating brand of the new corporation.


The CountyLink rail network as of 2007.

CountryLink operates its own rollingstock over track owned by the Rail Infrastructure Corporation in country NSW, RailCorp in greater metropolitan NSW and the Australian Rail Track Corporation in Queensland and Victoria. The hub of its operation is Sydney's Central railway station. The CountryLink ticket office is located on platform one and it is one of the city's main commuter and long-distance transport hubs.

North Coast region

The North Coast region covers the Central Coast, North Coast and Northern Rivers regions, and South-East Queensland. Accordingly the Government of Queensland makes a contribution to the provision of these services. North Coast region services appear on the network map in red. Services run along the Main North and North Coast lines from Sydney to Roma Street station in Brisbane. XPT trains serve:

Connecting buses serve coastal destinations including Alstonville, Byron Bay, Lennox Head, Lismore, Murwillumbah, Port Macquarie, Robina, Surfers Paradise, Tea Gardens, Tuncurry and Tweed Heads.

North Western region

The North Western region covers the state's North West, Northern Tablelands and Hunter regions. North Western region services appear on the network map in orange. Services run from Sydney to the junction at Werris Creek. Two branch lines are in operation, to Moree and Armidale. Xplorer trains serve:

Connecting buses serve smaller destinations including: Burren Junction, Inverell, Tenterfield, Walcha and Wee Waa.

Southern region

CountryLink BCI 6125 (ISM) coach operated by Makeham's Coaches

The Southern region covers the Illawarra, South Coast, Snowy Mountains, South West Slopes, Southern Tablelands, Riverina and Sunraysia regions plus the Australian Capital Territory and parts of Victoria. Accordingly the Government of Victoria (though not the ACT Government) makes a contribution to the provision of these services. Southern region services appear on the network map in green. Services run on the Main South line between Sydney and Albury, continuing on the North East line to Southern Cross Station in Melbourne, with a branch at Goulburn serving Canberra and a branch at Junee serving Griffith. XPT trains serve:

Xplorer trains serve:

Connecting buses serve smaller destinations including: Bombala, Echuca, Eden, Griffith, Jindabyne, Mildura, Tumbarumba and Wollongong.

Western region

The Western region covers the Central Tablelands and Western regions. Western region services appear on the network map in yellow. Services run on the Main Western line between Sydney and Dubbo, and the Broken Hill line to Broken Hill. XPT trains serve:

Xplorer trains serve:

Connecting buses serve smaller destinations including: Baradine, Bourke, Brewarrina, Condobolin, Coonabarabran, Grenfell, Gulgong, Lightning Ridge, Nyngan and Oberon.

Rolling stock

XPT in new livery at Central Station, Sydney
Xplorer 2502 at Sydney Central.

Today, the CountryLink fleet consists of two train types, the XPT and the Xplorer. The XPT fleet is maintained at a purpose-built facility in the Sydney suburb of Sydenham. Xplorer Railcars are maintained at Eveleigh, next to the facilities used to maintain Cityrail's Millennium and Oscar trains . It is anticipated that a significant investment in new rolling stock—around $855 million—will be required in the next decade if CountryLink is to continue as a provider of services by rail.

Onboard facilities

CountryLink has recently completed a $43 million refurbishment of the XPT fleet. A similar program occurred for the Xplorer fleet, and completed in late 2009. The refurbishment involved replacing carpet, curtains, seat cushions and covers, together with updating internal wayfinding signage and external re-painting in the new CountryLink livery. Modifications and improvements to air-conditioning systems, bathrooms, the buffet, luggage storage areas and driving cabs have also been made.

The XPT offers economy and first class seating as well as twin share sleeping berth accommodation on overnight journeys. The pitch and recline of first class seats are greater than those in economy. All seats face the direction of travel and can be rotated to form a group of four. All seats feature adjustable arm rests, drop down tables and spring-loaded footrests. The sleeping car provides accommodation for 18 travellers in twin share style compartments. A toilet and shower is located between each compartment and toiletries, towels, bed linen, supper and breakfast are included in the sleeping berth fare. On daytime journeys, where a sleeping car is in the train consist, each compartment converts to three first class seats, which are ideal for families and small groups.

The Xplorer offers economy and first class seating which is similar to that in the XPT. Xplorer trains are not used on overnight services.

Both trains have an onboard buffet that provides light snacks, meals, non-alcoholic hot and cold beverages and an alcohol service.

Both trains are wheelchair accessible, have a wheelchair accessible toilet with baby changing facilities, a nebuliser for asthma sufferers and luggage racks above seats, at the ends of carriages and at each end of the train for checked-in luggage.

Passenger attendants are on board throughout the journey to assist with passengers needs. XPTraveller, CountryLink's onboard magazine, is provided in seat pockets.

Current issues

The hub of the CountryLink network is Sydney's Central Station.

Ministerial Inquiry

On 9 December 2003, the Minister for Transport Services released Professor Tom Parry's Final Report of the Ministerial Inquiry into Sustainable Transport. Known as the "Parry Report" it recommended refocusing Countrylink, and to adjust fare structures.[2][3]

"CountryLink currently operates a number of train services that move relatively small numbers of passengers," the inquiry has concluded, noting that the high cost of maintenance and the need to replace rolling stock "makes these services very expensive ... they are expected to become even more expensive in the future." At the time of the report operating expenditure is around five times as much as revenue gained through ticket sales.[4]

The low numbers of passengers are due largely to the high prices CountryLink charges for tickets. This is due to the government view of the service not as an essential part of regional transport infrastructure, but as a cost against their budget that must be reduced wherever possible. The Inquiry does not appear to attempt any calculation of the economic benefits produced by enhanced urban-regional and inter-regional transport links.

The Inquiry also noted that in 2002-03, CountryLink incurred $29.9 million in costs associated with advertising, booking and selling tickets, against $43.5 million in fare revenue. "This is more than two thirds of the revenue received from passengers and is excessive," the Inquiry report stated.

The Inquiry made eight specific recommendations for "refocusing CountryLink":[2]

  • review the allocation of costs to CountryLink to improve the transparency of government railway accounts
  • seek efficiencies in the marketing of tickets
  • align subsidies to CountryLink with the benefits to the community
  • seek to have the ACT Government contribute to the cost of the Sydney-Canberra service
  • explore alternatives to rail on a case-by-case basis for all rural and regional routes
  • include CountryLink in integrated regional transport planning
  • establish "Solutions Teams" to assess various areas of CountryLink's operations
  • review fare structures and discounting

It seems unlikely that CountryLink's on-rail network will expand—or indeed, maintain its current extent—in the years to come.

Government response

In 2005, the State Government announced a rationalisation of ticket offices across the CountryLink network, but ruled out the closure of further rail services in the immediate future.[4][5] Ticket prices increased on 1 November.

Transport minister John Watkins told the Sydney Morning Herald that "To protect commuters who want a continued rail option, the Government has made a number of changes to booking options in an effort to secure CountryLink's future and boost patronage." Mr Watkins also said in front of news crew that the refurbishment of the XPTs would also encourage more people to use the trains. However the Opposition questioned how price increases would increase patronage.[6]

Outdated Infrastructure

Rural NSW suffers from outdated and poorly maintained track. Much of the rail system used by CountryLink was constructed in the late 1800s and essentially the same track alignment remains more than 100 years after it was first laid down. Replacement of essential works such as bridges has been delayed for very long periods of time. According to a survey by the National Trust[7] there are a number of iron lattice truss girder bridges still in use in country NSW. The oldest of these crosses the Macquarie River at Bathurst. It was constructed in 1876. Plans were made to replace it in 1912 and again in 1985 but neither came to fruition. The Rail Infrastructure Corporation inspected the bridge in May 2003 and recommended that it be replaced within 5 to 10 years.[8] There are speed restrictions of 10 km (freight) and 30 km (passenger) per hour for trains crossing the bridge. In 2009 work to build a new bridge began, with completion due sometime in 2010. It is not known what will happen to the old bridge, and the National Trust has expressed the view [9] that it be retained.

Auslink, the government body which provides a planning framework and funding for the Australian Government's investment in land transport infrastructure, in its 2006 report Sydney Dubbo Corridor Strategy, determined that one of its short term priorities would be to "Address inefficiencies in sections of railway track including sections with poor condition bridges, track and tunnels and outdated signalling systems."[10]

The Parry Report, referred to above, did not make any reference to improved under-rail infrastructure in rural NSW which would assist CountryLink to overcome its immediate challenges.

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Countrylink — Un XPT à la gare centrale de Sydney. CountryLink est la société ferroviaire de transport de voyageurs de Nouvelle Galles du Sud en Australie. Elle assure les transports à l intérieur de l État mais aussi vers le Queensland et le Victoria. C est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CountryLink — Un XPT à la gare centrale de Sydney. CountryLink est la société ferroviaire de transport de voyageurs de Nouvelle Galles du Sud en Australie. Elle assure les transports à l intérieur de l État mais aussi vers le Queensland et le Victoria. C est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CountryLink XPT — XPT XP2004 in the current CountryLink livery at Sydney Terminal Manufacturer Commonwealth Engineering Family name HST …   Wikipedia

  • CountryLink Xplorer — Xplorer Countrylink Xplorer 2502 at Sydney Central. In service 1992 – present Manufacturer ABB …   Wikipedia

  • List of CountryLink train routes — CountryLink, the operator of country railway passenger services in the state of New South Wales, Australia, currently operates ten routes as of 2006:RoutesDubbo XPT (1 x Daily) * Central (Sydney) * Strathfield * Parramatta * Blacktown * Penrith * …   Wikipedia

  • Wagga Wagga railway station, New South Wales — CountryLink Station alt station name=Wagga Wagga servicearea=CountryLink Southern servicearea color=#009900 servicearea textcolor=white code=WGA suburb=Wagga Wagga street=Station Place distance=521.16|altitude=147 traintype=CountryLink… …   Wikipedia

  • Culcairn railway station, New South Wales — CountryLink Station alt station name=Culcairn servicearea=CountryLink Southern servicearea color=#009900 servicearea textcolor=white code=CUL suburb=Culcairn street=Railway Parade distance=596 altitude=217 traintype=CountryLink platforms=1 tracks …   Wikipedia

  • Henty railway station, New South Wales — CountryLink Station alt station name=Henty servicearea=CountryLink Southern servicearea color=#009900 servicearea textcolor=white code= suburb=Henty street= distance= altitude=238m traintype=CountryLink platforms=1 tracks=1 platform arr=… …   Wikipedia

  • Strathfield railway station, Sydney — Cityrail Station alt|station name=Strathfield servicearea=Blue Mountains Line|servicearea color=#Blue Mountains line colour|servicearea textcolor=black servicearea2=Newcastle Central Coast Line|servicearea color2=#Newcastle and Central Coast line …   Wikipedia

  • Bathurst railway station, New South Wales — Bathurst Railway Station is a regional railway station on Main Western Line. It serves the city of Bathurst and its surrounding area in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. The station is served by CountryLink trains for its… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.