Part of the Politics series on Maoism Communism Portal
Chen Boda was born Chen Shangyu in 1904 to peasant parents. During his childhood, his family moved to Jimei, likely to facilitate young Chen's enrollment at the Jimei Normal School. In 1925, Chen enrolled at Shanghai Labor University, and in 1927 he joined the Communist Party of China. After returning to Fujian, he was hired as the personal secretary of General Zhang Zhen, helping to prepare for the 1926–1927 Northern Expedition from the CCP side of the First United Front. When the Front collapsed, Chen fled and was eventually arrested in Nanjing. He was released after a month on General Zhang's recommendation. Shortly thereafter, Chen was selected to study at Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow for four years.
In 1931, Chen Boda returned to China, and married Sichuan native Zhu Yuren, who had also studied in Moscow. Chen began teaching ancient Chinese history in Beijing while writing articles under the pen names Chen Zhimei and Chen Boda. Most of these articles focused on the dispute between advocates of "national defense literature" such as Lu Xun, and more nationalist authors. Chen also did underground work for the Party in Tianjin. From 1937 on, he lectured at the Central Party School in Yan'an. He soon became personal research assistant and secretary to Mao Zedong. Chen believed that dialectical materialism was the greatest cultural achievement in human history, and could be sinicized through the use of Chinese vernacular. Chen published the first collection of Mao's writings in 1937, and an official history of the Party in 1945.
Role in the post-1949 government
In 1951, he wrote an article with the title Mao Zedong's theory of the Chinese Revolution is the combination of Marxism-Leninism with the Chinese Revolution and a book entitled Mao Zedong on the Chinese Revolution. These works made him one of the most important interpreters of Mao Zedong's thoughts, and in the 1950s he became Mao's personal secretary and close associate, authoring several key policy documents. In 1958, he became the editor of the party journal Hongqi (The Red Flag).
During the Lushan Conference (July 1959), because Mao was no longer the president of the PRC Liu Shaoqi having taken his place (although he was still chairman of the CCP for some time), and as he didn't want to lose credibility in front of the CCP, he used Chen Boda to criticise Peng Dehuai.
The Cultural Revolution
From 1966 until 1969, Chen Boda was to play an important role in the Cultural Revolution. In May 1966, he was placed at the head of the newly formed Cultural Revolution Group, a body established to oversee and direct the course of the Cultural Revolution. In time, this group would rise to become the most important political body in China, surpassing even the Politburo Standing Committee in importance. Furthermore, Chen Boda was also placed as head of the Communist government's propaganda machine alongside Jiang Qing when the previous leader, Lu Dingyi, was deposed in 1966. He also became a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo.
However, as the Cultural Revolution Group began to appear too radical for the liking of the leadership in Peking, its influence began to wane, and it was formally dissolved at the CCP's Ninth Congress in the Spring of 1969. This marked the end of Chen Boda's involvement in the Cultural Revolution. As the leadership became more moderate in its outlook and the initial aims of the Cultural Revolution were sidelined, Chen's radicalism caused concern, and he was condemned as a 'revisionist secret agent' by the CCP's Tenth Congress in 1973.
After the Cultural Revolution, he was tried by the post-Mao government as a collaborator with the Gang of Four. He was sentenced to eighteen years in prison, but was released shortly afterwards due to his ill health. He died on 20 September 1989.
- Biography of Chen Boda at China Vitae - Link is broken and no longer active.
- ^ a b Leung, Pak-Wah (2002). Pak-Wah Leung. ed. Political Leaders of Modern China: A Biographical Dictionary (Illustrated ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 10–12. ISBN 9780313302169.
- ^ Meisner, M; 'Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949'; Free Press (2006); p. 151
- ^ "The turmoil ages of China" by Wang Nianyi
- ^ Guillermaz, J; 'The Chinese Communist Party in Power, 1949-1976'; Westview Press (1976); p. 401
- ^ MacFarquhar, R and Schoenhals, M; 'Mao's Last Revolution'; Belknap Harvard (2006); p. 155
- ^ Meisner, M; 'Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949'; Free Press (2006); p. 332
- ^ Meisner, M; 'Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949'; Free Press (2006); p. 403
- ^ MacFarquhar, R and Schoenhals, M; 'Mao's Last Revolution'; Belknap Harvard (2006); p. 156
- ^ Guillermaz, J; 'The Chinese Communist Party in Power, 1949-1976'; Westview Press (1976); p. 461
- ^ Meisner, M; Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949; Free Press (2006); p. 461
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chen Boda — (chinesisch 陈伯达 Chén Bódá, * 1904 in Hui an in der Provinz Fujian; † 20. September 1989 in Peking) war ein führender Politiker der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas. Er war Privatsekretär Mao Zedongs und einer der Wortführer der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CHEN BODA — [TCH’EN PO TA] (1905 1989) Ce futur interprète de la politique de Mao Zedong et cet éminent porte parole du Parti communiste chinois voit le jour à Hui’anxian au Fujian dans une famille de paysans pauvres. Ne pouvant se permettre de poursuivre de … Encyclopédie Universelle
Chen Boda — (chinois simplifié : 陈伯达, chinois traditionnel : 陳伯達, pinyin : Chén Pó tá) est né à Hui anxian dans la province du Fujian, et meurt à Pékin en 1989. Cet homme politique chinois est un éminent interprète de la politique de Mao… … Wikipédia en Français
Chen Boda — [tʃ ], Ch en Po ta [tʃ ], Tschen Po ta, chinesischer Politiker, * Hui an (Provinz Fujian) 1904, ✝ Peking 20. 9. 1989; schloss sich der KP an. 1937 56 war er politischer Sekretär Mao Zedongs, 1946 71 Mitglied des ZK der KP, 1949 71 Direktor des… … Universal-Lexikon
Chen Boda — ▪ Chinese revolutionist and propagandist Wade Giles romanization Ch en Po ta born 1904, Hui an, Fujian province, China died September 22, 1989, Beijing revolutionist and propagandist who became the chief interpreter of the “thought of Mao … Universalium
Chen (Familienname) — Chen (chinesisch 陳 / 陈 Chén, W. G. Ch ên) ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chen Yi — Le maréchal Chen Yi en 1955 Chén Yì (Chinois simplifié: 陈毅, chinois traditionnel: 陳毅) est né le 26 aout 1901 à Lezhi dans le Sichuan et décédé le 6 juin 1972 à Pékin. Chen Yi mena en parallèle une carrière politique et militaire … Wikipédia en Français
Cultural Revolution — This article is about the People s Republic of China. For Iran s Islamic Cultural Revolution, see Iranian Cultural Revolution. Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Cultural Revolution propaganda poster. It depicts Mao Zedong, above a group of… … Wikipedia
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium