- Very Light Aircraft
Very Light Aircraft, commonly known as
ultralights or light sport aircraft, are small aircraftused for recreational aviation.
Very Light Aircraft usually have more restrictive operating conditions than
general aviationaircraft (for example, they can only be operated during daylight hours in visual meteorological conditions), but fewer safety and licencing requirements. This makes them cheaper to operate than they would be if they were registered as full light aircraft.
During the late 1970s and early 1980s, many people around the world sought to be able to fly affordably. As a result, many decided to define very lightweight, slow-flying aeroplanes that could be subject to "light touch" regulation. The definitions used are most commonly called "ultralight" or "microlight", although the actual weight and speed limits are rarely the same between any two countries. In the UK the microlight limit is 450 kg. The US
Light-sport aircraftlimit is 1,320 lb (600 kg).
The safety regulations used to approve light aircraft vary between countries, the most strict being the
United Kingdomand Germany, while they are almost non-existent in Franceand the United States. The disparity between regulations is a major barrier to international trade and overflight, as is the fact that these regulations are invariably sub- ICAO, which means that they are not internationally recognised.
In most affluent countries, microlights or ultralights now account for about 20% of the civil aircraft fleet.
Definitions of Very Light Aircraft
Transport Canadahas defined two categories of very light aircraft; basic ultra-light aeroplane (BULA) and advanced ultra-light aeroplane (AULA).
Very Light Aircraft
Federal Aviation Administrationhas defined two categories of very light aircraft; ultralights and light-sport aircraft.
Regulation of ultralight aircraft in the United States is covered by the
Code of Federal RegulationsTitle 14 ( Federal Aviation Regulations) Part 103 or "14 CFR Part 103", which specifies an "ultralight" as a single seat vehicle with an empty weight of less than 254 pounds (115 kg) capable of a top speed of 55 knots (102 km/h), a maximum stall speed not exceeding 24 knots (45 km/h), a fuel capacity of less than 5 US gallons (19 L), and are only allowed to fly during daylight hours and over unpopulated areas. Weight allowances can be made for two-seat trainers, amphibious landing gear, and ballistic parachute systems.
In the United States no license or training is required by law for ultralights, but training is highly advisable.
Light Sport Aircraft
Federal Aviation Administrationdefines a Light-sport Aircraft as an aircraft with a maximum gross takeoff weight of less than 600 kilograms (1320 pounds; with some exceptions for seaplanes), a maximum airspeed in level flight of 120 knots (222 km/h), either one or two seats, a fixed-pitch or ground adjustable propeller, and a single reciprocating engine, which includes diesel engines and Wankel engines. These aircraft require only a sport pilot certificate, not a private or recreational pilot certificate as with other certificated aircraft.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Light aircraft — is a generic category of aircraft that comprises many official designations in many countries. A light aircraft : *is type certified under ICAO rules *has one or two engines *seats up to eight (or, in some jurisdictions, up to 20) *weighs between … Wikipedia
light aircraft — UK US noun [countable] [singular light aircraft plural light aircraft] a very small plane Thesaurus: aircrafthyponym parts of aircraft … Useful english dictionary
light aircraft — noun count a very small airplane … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Very light jet — see also: List of very light jetsA very light jet (VLJ), previously known as a microjet, is, by convention, a small jet aircraft approved for single pilot operation, seating 4 8 people, with a maximum take off weight of under convert|10000|lb|kg| … Wikipedia
Very Light Jet — Ein Very Light Jet (VLJ, dt. = sehr leichtes Düsenflugzeug; Minijet) ist eine seit Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts verwendete Bezeichnung für kleine, für den Betrieb mit nur einem Piloten zugelassene, Düsenflugzeuge, die drei bis sechs Fluggäste… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Light aircraft carrier — Infobox Aviation name = Light aircraft carrier caption = AV 8S Harriers embarked on the Spanish Navy light carrier Dédalo A light aircraft carrier is an aircraft carrier that is smaller than the standard carriers of a navy. The precise definition … Wikipedia
Light aircraft manufacturers in the Czech Republic — Czechoslovakia had significant history in producing aircraft but the aeronautical industry was extremely influenced by several negative factors at the end of the 1980’s. The collapse of the East European market, combined with the world recession… … Wikipedia
light aircraft — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms light aircraft : singular light aircraft plural light aircraft a very small plane … English dictionary
ˌlight ˈaircraft — noun [C] a very small plane … Dictionary for writing and speaking English
List of very light jets — This is a list of very light jets. Aircraft ee also*Very light jet *List of very light jet operatorsReferences Other Links [http://www.very light jet.com/vlj comparison.html VLJ Performance, Pricing and Manufacturing Comparisons] … Wikipedia