- Ghost Rider (comics)
caption=Promotional art for "Ghost Rider" vol. 3, issue #1
Variant cover art by
debut="Marvel Spotlight" #5 (Aug. 1972)
Roy Thomas& Gary Friedrichand artist Mike Ploog
powers= Superhuman strength and durability,
Ability to project regular and ethereal flame
Ability to travel between interdimensional realms and along any surface
Enchanced Hellfire Chain,
Ghost Rider is the name of several fictional
supernatural antiheroes appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. Marvel had previously used the name for a Western character whose name was later changed to "Night Rider" and subsequently to Phantom Rider.
supernaturalGhost Rider is stuntmotorcyclist Johnny Blaze, who, in order to save the life of his mentor, agreed to give his soul to " Satan" (later revealed to be an arch-demon named Mephisto). Instead, his soul bonded with the entity called Zarathos. When utilizing Zarathos' powers Blaze's flesh is consumed by hellfire, causing his head to become a flaming skull. He rides a fiery motorcycle and wields trademark blasts of hellfire from his skeletal hands. He starred in the series from 1973-1983.
The subsequent "Ghost Rider" series (1990-98) featured Daniel Ketch as a new Ghost Rider. After his sister was injured by
ninja gangsters, Ketch came in contact with a motorcycle which had somehow been mystically enchanted to contain the essence of a "Spirit of Vengeance." This spirit was once said to have originally been a Puritanman named Noble Kale, an ancestor of both Blaze and Ketch. However, this claim was later disputed.Fact | date = September 2008
Johnny Blaze reappeared in this 1990s series as a
supporting character, and was revealed to be Ketch's brother. In mid-2000s comics, Blaze again became the Ghost Rider, succeeding Ketch.
Nicolas Cage played the role of the Johnny Blaze in the 2007 film "Ghost Rider"
Following the western comics character who originally used the name, this Ghost Rider first appeared in "
Marvel Spotlight" #5 (Aug. 1972), created by writer-editor Roy Thomas, writer Gary Friedrich, and artist Mike Ploog.
Johnny Blaze, a motorcycle stunt performer in a traveling circus, sold his soul to who he believes was
Satanbut actually is the demon Mephisto (a retcon), in order to save his stepfather, "Crash" Simpson, from cancer. Crash later dies in a motorcycle accident and Mephisto attempts to take Blaze's soul, only to be thwarted by Crash's daughter Roxanne, who had learned of the deal and had prepared a counter-spell based on selfless love. Unable to take Blaze's soul, Mephisto has his revenge by binding Blaze with a demonic force.
Blaze then finds himself transforming into a demonic entity at nightfall, during which times he wields strange powers. He is called the Ghost Rider for his strange appearance. As time goes on, he is able to call on his demonic abilities whenever he wishes, not just at night. Eventually, he seems to have a different personality as Ghost Rider and it is finally revealed that Mephisto has forced Blaze to share his body with a demon rival named
Zarathoswas stripped of his memories and so Blaze was in control whenever they transformed into Ghost Rider. But now, Zarathos' true personality has resurfaced and from then on it is a continuing battle for dominance between him and Blaze. Being a demon, Zarathos craves the punishment of sinners and so Blaze at times willingly releases him when criminals or other threats are nearby. However, it is always a struggle to force Zarathos back so that Blaze can resume his control and his human identity. At time, Zarathos tries to find ways to either destroy Blaze's soul so that he may be free to enjoy complete physical existence.
The character received his own series in 1973, with
penciller Jim Mooneyhandling most of the first nine issues. Several different creative teams mixed-and-matched until penciller Don Perlinbegan a long stint with #26, eventually joined by writer Michael Fleisherthrough #58. Tony Isabella, had written a Ghost Rider story arc where Johnny Blaze became a Christianand thereby freed himself of the curse. Isabella said in May 2007, "I’d written a story wherein, couched in mildly subtle terms, Blaze accepted Jesus as his savior and freed himself from Satan's power forever." However, the story was apparently rewritten at the last moment. [ [http://www.myccm.org/post/ChrisWell/blog/what_if_ghost_rider_got_saved.html] ]
Towards the end of the run, a villain named
Centuriouswas introduced. Centurious was a man without a soul, making him immune to Ghost Rider's hellfire, and he had a history with Zarathos. This Ghost Rider's career ended when Zarathos fled Blaze's body in issue #81 (June 1983), the finale, in order to pursue Centurious. Now free of his curse, Blaze went off to live with Roxanne.
In the next Ghost Rider series, it would be revealed that Roxanne and Johnny eventually got married and had two children.
The next Ghost Rider debuted in "Ghost Rider" vol. 2, #1 (May 1990). Daniel Ketch and his sister Barbara are caught in a gang war involving
ninja gangsters. They run and Barbara is hit. Daniel then notices a nearby motorcycle lying unattended, bearing a mystical sigil on its gas cap. Touching the symbol, he is transformed into the new Ghost Rider, who proclaims himself to be a "spirit of vengeance." Although this Ghost Rider defeats the gangsters, he is unable to save Barbara, who slips into a coma. She is eventually killed by the vampiric villain Blackout, a lieutenant of the very organization responsible for her state and whom Ketch acquires as a mortal enemy. Another major enemy was Blackout's boss Deathwatch.
This Ghost Rider was nearly identical to the previous, although his costume and bike underwent a modernized tailoring, consisting of a black leather biker jacket with spiked shoulder-pads, grey leather pants, and a mystic chain that he wore across his chest, which responded to his mental commands and served as his primary melee weapon. His new motorcycle resembled a futuristic,
high techmachine and the front of it could lower to serve as a battering ram on occasions. Like the original Ghost Rider's bike, the wheels were composed of mystic hellfire. John Blaze seeks out the new Ghost Rider, believing at first that it is the same demon who had possessed him years before. Realizing this isn't the case, he becomes an ally to the new Ghost Rider and a friend/mentor to Danny Ketch, even teaching him how to fight. It is later revealed that Ketch and Blaze are long-lost brothers and that their family are the inheritors of a mystical curse related to the Spirits of Vengeance. Later still, they discover that the Ghost Rider spirit is apparently their ancestor, a man named Noble Kale who was cursed to live on through his descendants. Several of these secrets are revealed to them by a man called the Caretaker, who seems to be nearly immortal and is tasked with making sure the Ghost Rider follows his true path.
Unlike the Blaze/Zarathos relationship, Danny and the second Ghost Rider are more cooperative towards each other. This Ghost Rider has a compassionate side and refuses to take over completely, as this would condemn Danny to a lifeless existence as a mere host body. Ketch and the Ghost Rider spirit, like Blaze and Zarathos, can sometimes communicate through dreams or will leave messages for each other (such as writing a note or using lipstick to scribble messages on a mirror).
When Ghost Rider becomes a part of the
Midnight Sons, he dies twice in the process. The first person to kill Ghost Rider is the vampire hunter Blade, who's mind is possessed by the Darkholdat the time. Ghost Rider is soon revived by the Darkhold Redeemers, along with everyone else killed by Blade. The second time he dies is while fighting Zarathos, but as before, he is once again reborn.
At the close of the series, Blaze seemed to lose his children to mystical forces and Roxanne was killed, only to be transformed into the demon Black Rose. Ghost Rider Issue #91 (Dec. 1997) revealed the second Ghost Rider to actually be Marvel's incarnation of the Angel of Death/Judgment. Daniel Ketch then apparently dies and Noble Kale becomes a ruler in Hell. Years later, #93 (July 1997) revealed that Ketch was still alive. The Ghost Rider spirit reappears and seems to bond with him again, telling him that it has learned that he is not, in fact, Noble Kale at all and that this was a lie meant to confuse them. When Danny Ketch shows up again in the new Ghost Rider series, is he completely human and not bonded to any spirit. What's more, he is told by the Caretaker that his transformation into the second Ghost Rider was a mistake. What happened to Danny over the past few years is to be explained in further issues of the new Ghost Rider series and in an upcoming mini-series starring him.
The series ended with a
cliffhangerin vol. 2, #93 (Feb. 1998). Marvel finally published the long-completed final issue nine years later as "Ghost Rider Finale" (Jan. 2007), which reprints vol. 2, #93 and the previously unpublished #94. Note: While the cover reads "Ghost Rider" #94, the comic's postal indicia lists the official title as "Ghost Rider Finale". The finale revealed that Roxanne's true spirit was restored and that she left her existence as Black Rose behind and returned to Johnny's side, though she suffered from heavy memory loss.
Johnny Blaze returns
A six-issue miniseries, again featuring Blaze as the Ghost Rider (though how this happened was not explained), debuted in 2001 under the
Marvel Knightsimprint. Subtitled "The Hammer Lane," it was written by Devin K. Graysonand penciled by Trent Kaniuga. The miniseries was ill-regarded by fans. Some elements of the series, such as Roxanne's death, have also been overturned by the later released final issue of the Dan Ketch series.
A second six-issue miniseries, by writer
Garth Ennisand artist Clayton Crain, subtitled "Road to Damnation," debuted November 2005. This series also featured Blaze, who was now dead and in Hell, trapped in the form of the Ghost Rider. The series focused on his futile attempts at escaping from Hell. His powers here now included being able to breathe hellfire like a dragon and launching chains from his throat. Blaze's new Ghost Rider appearance is similar to Daniel Ketch's, a change that assistant editor Michael O'Connor attributesFact|date=February 2008 to the manifestation of Ghost Rider's powers themselves.
In July 2006, a new ongoing monthly series, titled simply "Ghost Rider," began. Written by
Daniel Waywith art by Mark Texeira, it takes place after the Ennis miniseries. It features Blaze still in Hell, desperately trying to escape. At the end of the first issue, he is manipulated into returning to Earth, bringing Lucifer with him. The series then revolves around Blaze fighting Lucifer and his forces. Flashback issues also show Johnny Blaze finally dying and being condemned to Hell due to his original deal with the Devil. Roxanne's whereabouts are unknown.
In Way's last story arc, it is revealedFact|date=February 2008 that it was not due to Mephisto but rather because of an angel named
Zadkielthat the original Ghost Rider was born, intended to be Heaven's weapon on Earth who would fight demons, and that this angelic purpose is why the Devil could not keep him in Hell. With issue #20, writer Jason Aaronand penciler Roland Boschibecame the creative team, and reintroduced Danny Ketch, now a normal human who learns from the Caretaker that his initial transformation into the second Ghost Rider had been inadvertent.
Powers and abilities
The Ghost Rider is a human who can transform into a being with a flaming skull and supernatural powers. The motorcycles he rides can travel faster than conventional motorcycles and can perform such seemingly impossible feats such as riding up a vertical surface, across the surface of water and leaping across great distances that normal motorcycles could not match. The Ghost Riders are notoriously hard to injure by any conventional means, as bullets and knives usually pass through them without causing pain. The Ghost Riders possess superhuman strength, enough to easily pick up a motorcycle and hurl it across a room.
Each Ghost Rider entity also had abilities specific to him.
*Johnny Blaze - Originally when Blaze transformed into Ghost Rider, his body changed but not the clothes he was wearing. In his new incarnation, this is different and his clothes take on a darker, more sinister appearance with a spiked leather jacket and chains. As Ghost Rider, he can cause his motorcycle to transform and surround itself with hellfire or he can create a new cycle from pure hellfire. He is also capable of projecting hellfire as a weapon. Hellfire "burns the soul" without leaving physical injuries on the victim and its effects have been seen as similar to the "Penance Stare."
In his new incarnation, Blaze now also has the "Penance Stare" and mystical chain, both of which were specific to the Danny Ketch Ghost Rider. He also now has new abilities including hellfire breath and the ability to produce chains from either his throat or chest. He is also now able to travel between the incorporeal realms.
*Daniel Ketch - When Ketch transformed into Ghost Rider, his clothes changed with him, taking on the appearance of a spiked leather jacket with chains, gray leather pants and spiked gloves and boots. Likewise, his motorcycle underwent a radical transformation, changing from a conventional into a high-tech motorcycle. This transformation was limited to the motorcycle he found in the cemetery and he was never seen to be able to transform other cycles or create his own out of hellfire, such as was Blaze's habit. Along with flaming wheels that allows the bike to nearly fly across surfaces, the bike included a shield-like battering ram on the front.
As the Ghost Rider, Ketch used a mystical chain which responded to his mental commands. It could in length, alter direction while in the air, stiffen into a staff or spear, and separate into several links which can strike like shrapnel and then return to their original form. Daniel's most famous power was the "Penance Stare." By locking eyes with a target and mentally focusing, the Danny Ketch Ghost Rider was able to makes the target experience all the pain they had ever inflicted on anyone else. This ability was seen to have little effect on some people who were mentally unstable (such as the villain Madcap).
This incarnation of the Ghost Rider originally could only be summoned if Danny was present when "innocent blood was spilled" (an innocent simply being threatened was not enough), at which time Danny had to touch the gas cap of his motorcycle for the transformation process to occur. Later, he was able to summon the Ghost Rider without touching the gas cap, but still needed to wait for innocent blood to be spilled. Later still, he was able to summon the Ghost Rider by will.
Thomas, Marvel's editor-in-chief at the time, described the character's genesis:
Friedrich on the above, in 2001:
On April 4, 2007, Friedrich sued Marvel Enterprises, Sony Pictures, Columbia TriStar Motion Pictures, Relativity Media, Crystal Sky Pictures,
Michael DeLucaProductions, Hasbro, and Take-Two Interactive, alleging his copyrights to the Ghost Rider character have been exploited and used in a "joint venture and conspiracy". The lawsuitstates that the film rights and merchandisingreverted from Marvel to him in 2001. [ [http://news.awn.com/index.php?ltype=top&newsitem_no=19535 "Animation World News" (April 11, 2007): "Ghost Rider Creator Sues Marvel, Sony & More"] ]
Other Spirits of Vengeance
Michael Badilino, an ex-member of the
New York City Police Department, is one third of an "Organic Medallion of Power"; the other two are Ketch and Blaze (the Medallion itself was never explained in any true detail). He possesses powers more in line with those of the Zarathos version of Ghost Rider, although he also possesses the Penance Stare and his motorcycle seemed to share characteristics with the Noble Kale version. His appearance is distinguished by a deep purple skull, large fangs protruding from his upper jaw, and backswept curved horns on the top of his skull.
In his superhuman form, Badilino was called Vengeance, and originally attempted to kill the Ghost Rider, believing him to be Zarathos. Vengeance later became the ally of Ghost Rider and Johnny Blaze. Vengeance would also take on the role of the Ghost Rider and even semi-seriously referred to himself by that name when confronted by Spider-Man shortly after the apparent death of Ghost Rider in battle with Zarathos and acolytes The Fallen. Vengeance killed himself, along with the villain Hellgate, by triggering a massive explosion through his Hellfire, the source of the mystical flames that encompass the bones of both Vengeance and Ghost Rider.
Vengeance reappears in the last four issues of "Ghost Rider" vol. 2, involved in
Blackheart's plans to kill Noble Kale. Vengeance aids the Ghost Rider in the ensuing battle, destroying Blackheart and ruling Hell during Ketch's absences.
Ghost Rider 2099
that empowers him.
You see Ghost Rider briefly twice in Dead Days.
In the "
Ultimate Fantastic Four" story-arc "Crossover" depicts an alternate Earth inhabited by zombiefied superheroes and villains, with a Ghost Rider among them. He is also seen in Marvel Zombiesin one panel joining the infected heroes attacking the Silver Surfer.
The Spirit of Vengeance
This version debuted in "Guardians of the Galaxy", set in an alternate future of the Marvel Universe. He has the ability to traverse space and fire spike projectiles from his forearms. This Ghost Rider is a religious zealot, embittered toward a church (a version of the
Universal Church of Truth) proclaiming it would produce its god in the flesh. That being, the Protege, is destroyed by the Celestial Scathan the Approver. This Ghost Rider refers to himself simply as the Spirit of Vengeance, although his real name is given as Wileaydus, from the planet Sarka. Summoned by Martinexto help a planet in peril, this Ghost Rider eventually helps to destroy the threat. They are assisted by several other powerful beings, including Hollywood, Replica, and Firelord. The heroes, rallied by Martinex, stay together as the new Galactic Guardians.
"Trail of Tears"
A version of Ghost Rider appeared in the miniseries "Ghost Rider: Trail of Tears" #1-6 (April-Sept. 2007) by writer
Garth Ennisand artist Clayton Crain. Set during the American Civil War, it finds Confederate officer Travis Parham avenging the murders of his friend, an ex-slave named Caleb and Caleb's family. Parham meets a horse-riding Ghost Rider who seeks the same men. Eventually, Parham learns about the deaths instrumental in helping set forth the Spirit of Vengeance.
In other media
Columbia Picturesreleased a movie starring Nicolas Cageas Ghost Rider on February 16, 2007. The character faces Blackheartand his father, Mephistopheles. [cite web |url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0259324/ |title=Ghost Rider IMDb|accessdate=2007-05-03 ]
*Ghost Rider made a cameo appearance in "
Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends" in "The Prison Plot" as one of the illusions shown by Mastermind.
*Ghost Rider has appeared in the "Incredible Hulk" animated series on the UPN Network, and in the 1994 "Fantastic Four" episode "When Calls
Galactus." Richard Griecoprovided Ghost Rider's voice on both occasions. He used the penance stare both times so it is more likely it is the Daniel Ketch version.
**It was due to his usage on the UPN cartoons that caused a planned appearance on "Spider-Man" to be rejected. The episode would have pitted Ghost Rider and Spider-Man against
Mysterioand Dormammu. [http://members.aol.com/drg4/semper.html]
*Ghost Rider is a supporting character in the 1995 side-scrolling
beat 'em upvideo game, "".
*Ghost Rider makes a cameo appearance riding up the side of a building in the "Race to the Bugle" level of the 2000 "Spider-Man"
Activisiongame (in What if... mode).
*Ghost Rider (Blaze version) is featured as a secret character in the video game "". The player unlocks him when Mephisto's Realm is reached, but must trade another character to free him; however, soon afterward both Ghost Rider and the traded character are freed. Vengeance, Daniel Ketch, and the
Phantom Riderare all unlockable as costumes for Ghost Rider in the game.
2K Gamesand Climax Groupreleased a game based on the Ghost Rider movie on February 13, 2007. The game is a sequel to the movie, in which players can play Ghost Rider both on foot or on the Hellcycle.
* In addition to a standalone line of Ghost Rider toys featuring Ketch's incarnation and his allies and foes, Toy Biz produced a model kit ("Advanced Level 3", the only one in that particular series) of Kale with his motorcycle. It stands 8.75 inches tall, and needs glue for completion.
* Three Ghost Rider
action figures appear in the Marvel Legendsseries, one each of Danny Ketch, Johnny Blaze, and Johnny Blaze in mid-transformation. A Vengeance figure was released in the "Legendary Riders" series.
* Medicom Toy Co. produced two Ghost Rider figures in conjunction with the Ghost Rider movie. One is a super-deformed vinyl collectible doll that stands five inches tall. The other is a 12-inch action figure.
*The song "Ghost Rider," written by the New York City punk/electronic band Suicide (Alan Vega and Martin Rev) appears on the band's self-titled 1977 album. The song has been covered by such bands as the
Rollins Bandand R.E.M.
*In 2005, the all-girl Filipino rock band
Prettier Than Pinkrecorded the tribute ballad "Johnny Blaze" for the CD "Chop Suey" (Sutton Records).
*The Danish rock band The Raveonettes has a song entitled "Attack of the Ghost Riders." Lead singer Sune Rose Wagner is seen as Ghost Rider at the end of the accompanying video. The band also covered the song "Ghost Rider" on the "Suicide" tribute album.Fact|date=February 2007
Method Manis a Ghost Rider fan who sometimes uses the alias "Johnny Blaze", [ [http://www.bebo.com/BlogView.jsp?MemberId=3830206023&BlogId=4572165765] ] although this may also be due to the connotative association of the word blaze with marijuana.
*In the Nickelodeon show "
Danny Phantom", there is a villain named Johnny, who (also is a ghost, making him a ghost rider, figuratively) rides a ghost motorcycle. Instead of a chain, he uses a violent shadow to do his bidding.
*Scorpion from "
Mortal Kombat" was inspired by Ghost Rider because of his flaming skull head. He also made a reference in the Malibu Comicswhen he grabbed the original Sub-Zero and said "Look into my eyes!" Also Scorpion has a chain as a weapon in fights.
video game": FES", one of the creatures the player can summon to aid them is called Hell Biker and was clearly inspired by Ghost Rider.
"Comic book series"
*"Marvel Spotlight" #5-11 (Aug. 1972 - Aug. 1973)
*"Daredevil #138 (1973)
*"Ghost Rider" #1-81 (June 1973 - Oct. 1983)
*"Ghost Rider" vol. 2, #1-93 (May 1990 - Feb. 1998)
*"Ghost Rider Finale" (Jan. 2007; reprints "Ghost Rider" vol. 2, #93 and the unpublished issue #94)
*"The Original Ghost Rider Rides Again" #1-7 (July 1991 - Jan. 1992; reprints "Ghost Rider" #68-81)
*"The Original Ghost Rider" #1-20 (July 1992 - Feb. 1994; reprints "
Marvel Spotlight" #5-12, "Ghost Rider" #1-9, 11, 12; " Marvel Two-in-One" #8)
*"Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance" #1-23 (Aug. 1992 - June 1994)
*"Ghost Rider Annual" #1-2 (1993-1994)
*"Blaze: Legacy of Blood" #1-4 (Dec. 1993 - March 1994)
*"Blaze" #1-12 (Aug. 1994 - July 1995)
*"Ghost Rider 2099" #1-25 (May 1994 - May, 1996)
*"Ghost Rider" #1-6, subtitle: "The Hammer Lane" (Aug. 2001 - Jan. 2002)
*"Ghost Rider" #1-6, subtitle: "The Road to Damnation" (Nov. 2005 - April 2006)
*"Ghost Rider" (2006 ongoing series) #1- (Sept. 2006 - )
*"Doctor Strange & Ghost Rider Special" #1 (April 1991; same contents as that month's "Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme" #28)
*"Ghost Rider/Wolverine/Punisher: Hearts of Darkness" (Dec. 1991)
*"Ghost Rider / Captain America: Fear" (Oct. 1992)
*"Ghost Rider/Wolverine/Punisher: Dark Design" (Dec. 1994; sequel to "Hearts of Darkness")
*"Ghost Riders: Crossroads" (Nov. 1995)
*"Cyblade/Ghost Rider" with
Image Comics(January, 1997)
*"Ghost Rider/Ballistic" with Image Comics (February, 1997)
*"WHAT IF: THIS was the Fantastic Four?" Showing Ghost Rider teaming up with Wolverine, Spiderman and The Hulk as a tribute to the late Mike Wieringo (August, 2008)
Reprints in comic-book form
*"Ghost Rider/Cable: Servants of the Dead" (1992; reprints selections from "
Marvel Comics Presents" #90-97)
*"Ghost Rider: Highway to Hell" (2001; reprints "Marvel Spotlight" (1971 series) # 5 and "Ghost Rider" (1973 series) # 35, 81)
*"Ghost Rider: Resurrected" (trade paperback, 1991; reprints "Ghost Rider" vol. 2, #1-7)
*"The New Fantastic Four: Monsters Unleashed" [Features a "new" Fantastic Four consisting of Ghost Rider, The Hulk, Wolverine and Spider-Man] . (trade paperback, 1992; reprints "Fantastic Four" #347-349)
*"X-Men & Ghost Rider: Brood Trouble in the Big Easy" (trade paperback; 1993; Reprints "Ghost Rider" (1990 series) #26-27 and "X-Men" #8-9)
*"Rise of the Midnight Sons" (trade paperback, 1992; Reprints "Ghost Rider" vol. 2, #28, 31; "Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance" #1, "Morbius" #1, "Darkhold" #1 and "Nightstalkers" #1)
*"Spirits of Venom" (trade paperback, 1993; reprints "Web of Spider-Man" #95-96 and "Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance" #5 - 6)
*"Ghost Rider: The Hammer Lane" (trade paperback, 2002; reprints "Ghost Rider" (2001 series) #1-6)
*"Essential Ghost Rider Vol. 1" (trade paperback, 2005; reprints "Marvel Spotlight" (1971 series) # 5-12, "Ghost Rider" #1-20 and "Daredevil" #138)
*"Essential Ghost Rider Vol. 2" (trade paperback, 2007; reprints "Ghost Rider" (1973 series) 21-50.)
* " Ghost Rider Vol. 1: Vicious Cycle" (trade paperback, 2006; reprints "Ghost Rider" (2006 series) #1-5.)
* " Ghost Rider Team-Up" (trade paperback, 2007 ; reprints "Marvel Team-Up" #91, "Marvel Two-in-One" #80, "Marvel Premiere" #28, "Avengers" #214 and "Ghost Rider" #27 & #50.)
*"Champions Classic Vol. 1" (trade paperback; reprints "Champions" #1-11.)
*"Champions Classic Vol. 2" (trade paperback; reprints "Champions" #12-17, "Iron Man Annual" #4, "Avengers" #163, "Super-Villain Team-Up" #14, and "Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man" #17-18.)
*"Ghost Rider: Road to Damnation" (Hardcover; reprints "Ghost Rider: Road To Damnation" #1-6.)
*"Ghost Rider: Road to Damnation" (trade paperback; reprints "Ghost Rider: Road To Damnation" #1-6.)
* " Ghost Rider Vol. 2: The Life & Death Of Johnny Blaze" (trade paperback, 2007; reprints "Ghost Rider" (2006 series) #6-11.)
* [http://ghostrider.wikia.com/wiki/Ghost_Rider Ghost Rider on The Ghost Rider Wiki]
* [http://www.marveldirectory.com/individuals/g/ghostrider.htm Marvel Directory: Ghost Rider]
*imdb title|id=0259324|title=Ghost Rider
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